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220 B.C. Olympiad 140.1


Consuls: M. Valerius P.f. Laevinus, Q. Mucius P.f. Scaevola
Athenian archon: Thrasyphon
Achaean General: Aratus (XIII)
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Zopyrus of Syracuse

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 EGY {18 Gorpiaeus -M = February} Document: SelPap_1.65, recording a loan from Demetria to Apollonius. { SelPap_2.269 gives the synchronization 28 Gorpiaeus, Year 1 = 12 Tubi = February 220 B.C.}
2 {12 Tubi -E = February} Document: SelPap_2.269, a petition from Philista against Petechon.
3 {13 Tubi -E = February} Document: SelPap_2.268, a petition from Ctesicles against Dionysius.
4 MES Antiochus crosses the Tigris and advances against Molon.
+Polyb_5.51'2-52'3.
5 GRE Aetolian acts of aggression in Epirus, Acarnania, and the Peloponnese.
+Polyb_4.5'1-6'2; { CAH_7.1'474.}
6 PEL Timoxenus, the general of the Achaean League, captures Clarium, a fort near Megalopolis which had been occupied by the Aetolians.
+Polyb_4.6'4.
7 The Aetolians invade Messenia.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_4.6'7-12, 7'2; ~Plut:Arat_47'1-2; { Green_702.}
8 MES Antiochus defeats Molon near Apollonia-Sittace.
+Polyb_5.52'4-54'8; { CAH_7.1'434; Green_289.}
9 EGY << Sosibius plots against Theodotus of Aetolia, the Egyptian general in Syria.
Polyb_5.61'4; { At the same time as Antiochus' campaign against Molon.}
10 PEL The Achaean assembly declares war on the Aetolians.
+Polyb_4.7'1-5.
11 {? July} Aratus becomes general of the Achaean League.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_4.7'6-10; ~Plut:Arat_47'3; { CAH_7.1'474.}
12 Hagesidamus of Messene wins the pancration contest at the Olympic Games.
~Syll_557.
13 EGY << Ptolemy is dominated by his concubine Agathocleia, and gives himself up to a life of idleness and luxury.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_5.34'1-11; ~Plut:Cleom_33'1-2, :Mor_753'D;(9)  Athen_13.577'a; ~Just_29.1'9, 30.1'1-3; Suda_P'3039.
14 ?? Berenice encourages the production of perfume at Alexandria and Cyrene.
Athen_15.689'a.
15 ++ Berenice keeps a pet lion.
Aelian:NA_5'39.
16 << The murder of Magas, the brother of Ptolemy, and his mother Berenice.
* Read Plutarch's account
PHaun_6'31-32; ~Polyb_5.34'1, 35'1-6, 15.25'2; ~Plut:Cleom_33'3-8; Zenob_3'94, 4'92; Just_30.1'2; { ~CAH_7.1'435; Bennett=221.}
17 THR << Byzantium imposes tolls on shipping passing through the Bosporus.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_4.9'1-13'6, 14'4-6.
18 ASI << An epiphany of the goddess Artemis at Magnesia.
~Syll_557.
19 The inhabitants of Magnesia consult the oracle at Delphi, and are instructed to institute games in honour of Artemis Leucophryene.
~Syll_557; { See the introduction to Austin_189.}
20 SPA Hannibal attacks the Vaccaei and captures the city of Salmantica.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_3.14'1; Liv_21.5'5-6; Plut:Mor_248'E-249'B; Polyaen_7.48'1; { CAH_8'32; OCD_h.}
21 PEL The Aetolians defeat Aratus and the Achaeans at Caphyae.
+Polyb_4.14'1-15'11; { CAH_7.1'474; Green_702.}
22 The Achaean assembly sends out ambassadors to seek aid from their allies, including Philippus of Macedonia.
+Polyb_4.16'1-5; { OCD_aratus.}
23 MES Hermeias punishes the inhabitants of Seleuceia for their support of Molon.
+Polyb_5.54'9-12.
24 CIS The suffect consuls, Veturius and Lutatius, advance as far as the Alps.
+Zonar_8'20.(p49) 
25 CRE The Cnossians destroy the city of Lyttus.
Polyb_4.53'3-54'6; { CAH_7.1'476.}
26 SPA Hannibal defeats the Carpetani.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_3.14'2-10; Liv_21.5'7-17; { CAH_8'32; OCD_h.}
27 AEG Scerdilaidas and Demetrius lead an Illyrian fleet in a raid against the islands of the Cyclades.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_4.16'6-10, 19'7-8, 25'4; { CAH_7.1'475, CAH_8'91.}
28 PEL The Aetolians capture Cynaetha.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_4.16'11-18'12, 19'13-21'12, 25'4, 29'6, 9.38'8; Plut:Arat_29'4; { CAH_7.1'475.}
29 The Aetolian army leaves the Peloponnese.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_4.19'1-12, 9.38'8; ~Plut:Arat_47'5.
30 ASI Achaeus assumes the title of king, while marching through Phrygia.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_4.2'6, 48'12, +5.57'2-5; { CAH_7.1'434, CAH_8'525.}
31 A mutiny in the army of Achaeus.
+Polyb_5.57'7-8.
32 ARM Antiochus subdues Arbazarnes, the ruler of "the Satrapies".
+Polyb_5.54'13-55'10.
33 AEG Rhodes declares war on Byzantium.
Polyb_4.47'3-49'5; { CAH_7.1'440; Green_702.}
34 ASI Prusias seizes the Asiatic territories of Byzantium.
Polyb_4.50'1-9; { OCD_p.}
35 PEL The murder of Adeimantus, a pro-Macedonian Spartan ephor.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_4.22'1-24'9; Plut:Arat_48'5.
36 Philippus and his allies meet near Corinth and declare war on the Aetolians; the start of the Social War, which is the formal start of Polybius' history.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_1.1'5, 3'1-6, 2.37'1-11, 3.1'1-11, 4.1'3, +22'2-26'8; ~Plut:Arat_47'6; ~Just_29.1'10-11; { CAH_7.1'475, CAH_8'94.}
37 {? October} Scopas is elected general of the Aetolian League.
+Polyb_4.27'1-8.
38 SYR Hermeias the minister of Antiochus is put to death.
+Polyb_5.56'1-15.
39 AEG Peace between Rhodes and Byzantium.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_3.2'5, ~4.50'10-52'10; { ~CAH_7.1'440.}
40 Rhodes sends aid to Cnossus.
~Polyb_4.53'1-2.
41 ILL An alliance between Philippus and Scerdilaidas.
+Polyb_4.29'1-7; { CAH_7.1'476; OCD_s.}
42 GRE Envoys from the allies visit various states, seeking support against the Aetolians.
+Polyb_4.30'1-34'2.
43 PEL The ephors are murdered during unrest at Sparta.
+Polyb_4.34'3-35'7; { CAH_7.1'476; Green_702.}
44 CRE Philippus sends aid to the Polyrrhenians, who are fighting against Cnossus.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_4.55'1-6, 7.11'9; Plut:Arat_48'5; Trog:Prol_29; { CAH_7.1'476..}
45 PON The Rhodians help Sinope against Mithridates.
Polyb_4.56'1-9; { OCD_s.}
45a ASI {Audnaeus -M = ? December} Document: Inscr_31, letters from Philippus to Olympichus and Mylasa, about the sanctuary at Labraunda.
45b Document: Inscr_33 & Austin_179c, two letters from Olympichus to Mylasa.
45c ?? Document: SEG_58.1220, a decree of Mylasa in honour of Olympichus.
46 == The birth of Attalus, the son of Attalus of Pergamum.
~Lucian:Macr_12; { OCD_a.}
47 AEG ?? Document: Syll_493, a decree of Histiaea in honour of Athenodorus of Rhodes.
48 CRE << Document: Austin_109B  (Syll_527), an oath taken at Drerus in Crete, promising to help Cnossus against Lyttus.
49 ROM ++ The prestige of C.Duilius in his old age.
Cic:Sen_44; CIL_6.40952; { ~OCD_d.}
50 >> Freedmen are placed in the four urban tribes of citizens.
~[Liv]:Per_20; { CAH_7.2'672.}
51 >> The construction of the Via Flaminia.
* Read Livy's account
Ennius:Ann_255; ~[Liv]:Per_20<x>; Plut:Mor_280'A; +Cassiod:Chr_534; { CAH_7.2'436; OCD_v.}
52 >> The censorship of C.Flaminius and L.Aemilius Papus.
* Read Livy's account
Liv_23.21'6, 22'3, 23'3, '5, 24.11'7; ~[Liv]:Per_20; { CAH_7.2'453; OCD_f.}
53 >> The censors introduce the Lex Metilia, a law which regulates the activities of fullers.
Plin:HN_35'197;L  { CAH_8'70.}
54 >> The birth of the poet Pacuvius.
~Cic:Brut_229; { OCD_p.}

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