Sparta - in ancient sources @ attalus.org
This is part of the index of names on the attalus website. The names occur either in lists of events (arranged by year, from the 4th to the 1st century B.C.) or in translations of sources. There are many other sources available in translation online - for a fuller but less precise search, Search Ancient Texts.
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- a city in Laconia, southern Peloponnese, Greece
→ Wikipedia entry ☆ Pleiades (map)
+ Lacedaemon , Lacedaemonian , Lacedaemonians , Spartan , Spartans
des the Peloponnese, and the Spartans build walls round their city
rotatus becomes unpopular at Sparta because of his opposition to
Acragas summon Acrotatus the Spartan to be their general against Agat
Sayings of the Spartan Eudamidas about Xenocrates.
Areus succeeds Cleomenes II as king of Sparta.
Sayings of Eudamidas I, king of Sparta.
Cleonymus of Sparta arrives with an army to support Tarentum, and tak
Areus, king of Sparta, sends an embassy with a letter to the Jewish
allegedly swears to his father Cleonymus that he will ruin Sparta.
Demetrius defeats the Spartan king Archidamus near Mantineia, and att
to revolt by Cleonymus of Sparta, but is recaptured by Demetrius.
Areus, king of Sparta, leads a raid against the Aetolians, but is def
Cleonymus asks Pyrrhus to intervene against Sparta.
Negotiations between Pyrrhus and Sparta.
Pyrrhus attacks Sparta, but is repulsed.
King Areus crosses over from Crete, and raises the siege of Sparta.
The Spartans attack Pyrrhus while he is withdrawing to Argos and kill
decree of Chremonides about the alliance between Athens and Sparta.
The Spartan king Areus is defeated and killed by Antigonus at the Ist
crotatus attends luxurious banquets, contrary to Spartan traditions.
Acrotatus king of Sparta is killed while attacking Megalopolis; Leoni
Xanthippus leaves Carthage and returns home to Sparta.
Syll_430, a decree of Delphi in honour of Areus II, king of Sparta.
Leonidas II becomes king of Sparta.
The Spartans attack Megalopolis, but their siege machines are destroy
army of Arcadians and Achaeans defeats the Spartans at Mantineia.
Agis IV becomes king of Sparta.
The Spartan assembly discusses Agis' proposed reforms.
King Leonidas II of Sparta is deposed by Agis.
Agis overthrows the Spartan ephorate.
Cancellation of debts at Sparta.
Leonidas is recalled to Sparta.
forces Cleombrotus, his replacement as king, to flee from Sparta.
Ptolemy appoints Hippomedon of Sparta to be governor of Thrace.
The Spartans punish an ambassador for addressing Antigonus as king.
of Leonidas II, and accession of Cleomenes III as king of Sparta.
Cleomenes of Sparta seizes Belbina, on the border with Megalopolis.
The Achaean League declares war on Sparta.
The Spartan ephors recall Cleomenes from Arcadia.
Cleomenes reforms the Spartan constitution, and attempts to reimpose
defeats Cleomenes at Sellasia, and forces him to escape from Sparta.
Antigonus enters Sparta.
The murder of Adeimantus, a pro-Macedonian Spartan ephor.
The ephors are murdered during unrest at Sparta.
Lycurgus is appointed king of Sparta.
The Spartans declare war on the Achaean League.
attempted coup by Cheilon at Sparta.
Lycurgus leaves Sparta for Aetolia, out of fear of the ephors.
Lycurgus returns to Sparta and invades Messenia.
Lycurgus expels Agesipolis from Sparta.
The Spartans become allies of the Aetolians, after listening to speec
Syll_551, a dedication by Machanidas at Sparta.
The Achaeans defeat and kill Machanidas of Sparta at Mantineia.
The tyrannical behaviour of Nabis at Sparta.
The death of Pelops, king of Sparta.
Syll_584, a decree of Delos in honour of Nabis of Lacedaemon.
Argos is freed from Spartan control.
The cruelty of Nabis at Sparta forces many of his opponents into exil
mans' advice and restore the Spartan exiles, but Philopoemen refuses
ries to stop war breaking out between the Achaean League and Sparta.
Philopoemen captures Sparta.
pidus writes a letter criticizing the Achaeans' treatment of Sparta.
Eumenes, the Achaeans and Sparta, and exiles from Aenus and Marone
dius forces the Achaean assembly to accept a settlement with Sparta.
Pharnaces, and Philippus, and from Rhodes, Sparta and the Achaeans.
Sparta rejoins the Achaean League.
and Philippus, and from the Spartans and Achaeans, appear before the
ously to the decisions of the Roman senate about Messene and Sparta.
Chaeron of Sparta is sent to prison for the murder of Apollonidas.
from the Achaeans, led by Callicrates, and from the Spartan exiles.
League decides to send an embassy to Rome about the Spartan exiles.
inscription put up by the Spartan exiles in honour of Callicrates.
King Areus (?) of Sparta sends a letter to the Jewish high priest Oni
tians set free Menalcidas of Lacedaemon, at the request of Popillius.
rate in disputes between the Lacedaemonians and Argives, and between
dispute between Cytinium and Sparta, about voting in the Amphictyonic
Spartan embassy appeals to the senate about a disputed territory,
League seeks to impose its authority in Sparta by threatening war.
Achaean League to oppose the Spartan envoys in Rome, but dies on the
The Spartans secede from the Achaean League.
Achaean army, led by Damocritus, attacks Sparta.
Achaeans fine Damocritus for his failure in the war against Sparta.
Menalcidas, the Spartan leader, is defeated by the Achaeans and commi
the assembly of the Achaean League towards war with Sparta and Rome.
onathan sends an embassy to renew the treaties with Rome and Sparta.
Simon renews the alliance with Sparta and Rome.
ing arbitration by Miletus in a dispute between Messenia and Sparta.
ion by Milesian arbitrators in a dispute between Messene and Sparta.
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Nicodemus of Lacedaemon
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Andreas of Lacedaemon
C.Murena and C.Varro import Spartan paintings to display in Rome.
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