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241 B.C. Olympiad 134.4


Consuls: A. Manlius T.f. Torquatus Atticus (II), Q. Lutatius C.f. Cerco
Athenian archon: Lyceas
Achaean General: Aratus (III)

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 PEL << Agis overthrows the Spartan ephorate.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Off_2'80; ~Plut:Agis_12'1-6; { CAH_7.1'253.}
2 << Cancellation of debts at Sparta.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Agis_13'1-5, :TGrac_44'1; { CAH_7.1'253.}
3 EGY Document: SelPap_2.413, a memorandum from Andronicus to the strategus Aphthonetus.
4 AFR Hanno sets sail with a Carthaginian fleet, carrying supplies to the army in Sicily.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.60'1-5; Diod_24.11'1; ~Oros_4.10'6;L  +Zonar_8'17.(p13) 
5 SIC {10 March -R} Lutatius destroys the Carthaginian fleet at the battle of Aegates Insulae.
* Read Polybius' account
CIL_add.4; +Polyb_1.60'6-61'8, 2.43'6; Diod_24.11'1-3; Liv_22.14'13, 23.13'4; [Liv]:Per_19; ValMax_2.8'2;L  Silius_1'621-623,L  2'306-310,L  6'684-688;L  Flor_1.18'33-37; [Vict]:VirIll_41'1;L  #Eutrop_2.27'1-3; ~Oros_4.10'6-8;L  +Zonar_8'17;(p13-5)  { CAH_7.2'565; OCD_l.}
6 SIC Carthage gives Hamilcar powers to negotiate peace with Rome.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.62'1-3; Nepos_22.1'3; Appian:Sic_2;(↓↓)  +Zonar_8'17.(p15) 
7 ?? A sharp-sighted man called Strabo is able to see ships leaving Carthage from a view-point near Lilybaeum.
* Read Strabo's account
Cic:Acad_2'81;L  Strab_6'267;(2.1)  Plin:HN_7'85;L  Plut:Mor_1083'D; Aelian:VH_11'13.
8 ?? Marcellus saves the life of his brother Otacilius.
Plut:Marc_2'2-3.
9 ?? Hamilcar uses a trick to stop his Gallic mercenaries deserting to the Romans.
Frontin:Str_3.16'2.
10 ROM ?? The Romans reduce the weight of the bronze "as", because of financial difficulties caused by the war.
~Plin:HN_33'44.L 
11 ?? Undated events from the First Punic War.
* Read Plutarch's account
Naev:Pun_28, 33-36, 39-40, 48-66; Plut:Mor_264'E-F.
12 ROM ?? The widow and sons of Regulus torture two Carthaginian prisoners, Bodostor and Hamilcar.
* Read Diodorus' account
Diod_24.12'1-3; Gell_7.4'4; Zonar_8'15.(p449) 
13 SIC ++ General remarks about the First Punic War, which lasted 23 years with huge losses on both sides.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_1.63'4-64'6, 72'1-3; Diod_23.15'4, '7; Liv_26.41'10, 28.12'5, 44'13; Appian:Sic_2'5;(3)  Gell_17.21'45; August:DeCiv_3'18, 5'22;(↓)  Oros_4.11'4.L 
14 Peace terms are agreed between Rome and Carthage: end of the First Punic War.
* Read Polybius' account
Naev:Pun_41-43; +Polyb_1.62'4-9, 3.21'2-5, 27'1-6, 29'2-10; Cato:Orig_4'9;L (84)  Diod_24.13'1, 14'1; Nepos_22.1'4-5; Liv_21.18'10, 19'2-4, 41'8-12, 30.44'1-2; [Liv]:Per_19; Silius_6'689-697;L  Appian:Sic_2'4-6;(3)  [Vict]:VirIll_41'2;L  +Eutrop_2.27'4-5; +Oros_4.11'1-4;L  +Zonar_8'17;(p15)  { CAH_7.2'565.}
15 SYR << Seleucus forms a pact with Antiochus Hierax to drive the Egyptians out of Syria.
~Just_27.2'6-8; { CAH_7.1'248; Errington_p122.}
15a GRE ?? Document: Syll_447, a decree of Delphi in honour of Amphiclus of Chios, an epic poet.
16 PEL Agis sets out to join Aratus at the Isthmus.
~Plut:Agis_13'5-14'5; { CAH_7.1'254.}
17 Aratus fails to prevent the Aetolians from crossing the Isthmus.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Agis_15'1-5, ~:Arat_31'1-2.
18 The Aetolians capture Pellene, but are expelled by Aratus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Polyb_4.8'4; ~Plut:Arat_31'3-32'6; Paus_2.7'4, 8'5, 7.7'3; Polyaen_8.59'1; { CAH_7.1'503; Errington_p94.}
19 SIC The Romans send ten commissioners, headed by the consul Q.Lutatius, to revise the peace terms.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.63'1-3, 3.21'2; Liv_21.18'10; Strab_6'273;(2.6)  +Zonar_8'17.(p17) 
20 ++ General remarks about the achievements of Hamilcar in Sicily.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_1.74'9, 3.9'6-7; Diod_26.24'1; Nepos_22.1'2; Appian:Hisp_4, :Hann_2'
21 Hamilcar resigns his command.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.66'1, 68'12; +Zonar_8'17;(p15)  { OCD_h.}
22 Gesco transports the Carthaginian mercenaries to Africa.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.66'2-5, 68'13.
23 ETR Falerii revolts from Rome, but is soon forced into submission.
* Read Zonaras' account
~Polyb_1.65'2; [Liv]:Per_20; ValMax_6.5'1;L  +Eutrop_2.28'1; Oros_4.11'10;L  +Zonar_8'18;(p19)  { CAH_7.2'431; OCD_f.}
24 EGY { ? 30 Payni -E = August} Document: Austin_313,B  a report of compulsory labour on canals and dykes.
25 ?? Document: BD_76 (PCairZen_59832), a petition from Zenon to Ptolemy III.
26 AFR The mercenaries demand arrears of pay from Hanno.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.66'6-67'12; Diod_25.6'1; Appian:Sic_2'7;(4)  { CAH_7.2'567.}
27 ROM {4 October -R} The triumph of Lutatius, for his naval victory over the Carthaginians.
* Read Fasti's account
#FastTr_p100; ValMax_2.8'2;L  ~Zonar_8'17.(p17) 
28 {6 October} The triumph of Q.Valerius Falto, propraetor, for his naval victory near Sicily.
#FastTr_p101.
29 SYR Peace between Ptolemy III and Seleucus II: the end of the Third Syrian War.
* Read Justin's account
~Just_27.2'9; ~Eutrop_3.1'1; { CAH_7.1'421; Errington_p122.}
30 ASI ?? Document: BD_29 (OGIS_229), a treaty between Smyrna and Magnesia. { Errington_p131.}
31 ?? Document: RC_22 (OGIS_227), a letter from Seleucus II to Miletus. { Errington_p133.}
32 GRE ?? Document: BD_28 (OGIS_228), a decree of Delphi in reply to a letter of Seleucus, which requested special privileges for Smyrna. { Errington_p132?242.}
33 PEL Leonidas is recalled to Sparta.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Agis_16'1-5; Paus_3.6'8.
34 Leonidas forces Cleombrotus, his replacement as king, to flee from Sparta.
~Plut:Agis_16'6-18'3.
35 ++ The character and achievements of Agis IV.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Agis_2'9-11, :TGrac_41'1-45'7, :Cleom_1'4.
36 Agis is seized by his opponents, and executed.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Off_2'80; ~Plut:Agis_18'4-21'5, :Cleom_1'1, 2'1, :Ages_40'5, :Mor_216'C-D; { CAH_7.1'503; OCD_a.}
37 AFR Gesco negotiates with the mercenaries at Tunis.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.67'13-69'3, 80'12.
38 ROM >> Two new tribes of citizens, called Velina and Quirina, are created.
~[Liv]:Per_19; { CAH_7.2'402; OCD_t.}
39 ETR >> The Romans found a colony at Spoletium.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_20; ~Vell_1.14'8; { CAH_7.2'431; OCD_s.}
40 ROM >> The river Tiber breaks its banks and causes flooding at Rome.
* Read St.Augustine's account
August:DeCiv_3'18;(↓)  +Oros_4.11'5-7.L 
41 >> A fire devastates part of Rome, including the temple of Vesta, but L.Metellus rescues the Palladium.
* Read St.Augustine's account
Cic:Scaur_48; ~[Liv]:Per_19; Ovid:Fast_6'437-454; ValMax_1.4'4;L  Seneca:Contr_4'2,L  7.2'7;L  Plin:HN_7'141;L  Juvenal_3'138-139;L  Plut:Mor_309'F-310'A; Ampel_20'11;L  Hieron:Chron_1775; August:DeCiv_3'18;(↓)  +Oros_4.11'8-9;L  { OCD_p..}

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