Carthage - in ancient sources @ attalus.org
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- a city on the north coast of Africa, near modern Tunis
→ Wikipedia entry
+ Carthaginian , Carthaginians , Poeni , Punic
secretly condemned by the Carthaginian senate, and dies soon after
Carthaginian fleet makes a raid on the harbour of Syracuse.
Carthaginian army takes up a strong position near Gela.
lcar son of Gisco arrives as the new Carthaginian general in Sicily.
The Carthaginians under Hamilcar defeat Agathocles by the river Himer
gathocles escapes to Gela, where he beats off a Carthaginian attack.
lian cities changes sides to support Hamilcar and the Carthaginians.
Agathocles defeats a Carthaginian army under Hanno and Bomilcar.
The Carthaginians recall their army from Sicily, but Agathocles captu
thocles makes a surprise attack on the Carthaginian army near Tunis.
thocles narrowly defeats the Carthaginian army in a battle in the int
rene, brings an army to help Agathocles in the war against Carthage.
death after he fails to gain power in an armed uprising at Carthage.
up his army, which is then heavily defeated by the Carthaginians.
Agathocles defeats the Carthaginian fleet off Syracuse.
gathocles is defeated by the Carthaginians in a battle which is follo
remainder of Agathocles' army agrees terms with the Carthaginians.
Agathocles agrees to peace terms with the Carthaginians.
The Romans renew their treaty with the Carthaginians.
The Carthaginians defeat Hicetas.
Mago the Carthaginian admiral offers support to the Romans, and a fur
Enna calls in a Carthaginian garrison to protect it against Phintias.
bassy to Pyrrhus, asking him to help them against the Carthaginians.
make an alliance with the Carthaginians and try to stop Pyrrhus
Pyrrhus attacks the territory of the Carthaginians in Sicily.
The rest of the Carthaginian possessions in Sicily go over to Pyrrhus
Negotiations between Pyrrhus and the Carthaginians.
Pyrrhus defeats the Carthaginians in a final battle.
yrrhus is generally successful in the war against the Carthaginians.
aly; he is attacked and defeated by the Carthaginian fleet en route.
Carthaginian fleet sails up to Tarentum, but leaves without taking
The Carthaginian general Hannibal persuades the Mamertines not to sur
plains about the presence of Carthaginian ships at the siege of Taren
Roman embassy at Carthage complains about the presence of Carthagin
Carthaginian garrison occupies Messana.
The Carthaginian garrison is forced to withdraw from Messana.
Acragas enters into an alliance with Carthage.
The Carthaginians and Syracusans combine to besiege Messana.
Negotiations between Claudius and the Carthaginians.
ius declares war against the Carthaginians and Syracusans: the start
Claudius defeats the Carthaginians.
consuls arrive in Sicily: 67 cities revolt from the Carthaginians.
laudius celebrates a triumph for his victory over the Carthaginians.
The Carthaginians raise fresh forces, and concentrate them at Agrigen
mph for his victory over the Carthaginians, during which a painting
The Carthaginians send an army to Sardinia.
The Romans defeat a Carthaginian sally at Agrigentum.
The Romans defeat the Carthaginians, and capture Agrigentum.
The Carthaginians send Hamilcar to replace Hanno in Sicily.
sina is trapped and captured by the Carthaginian commander Hannibal.
Duilius defeats the Carthaginians in a naval battle off the Liparae
oved from the command of the Carthaginian navy, but escapes further
triumph of L.Scipio, over the Carthaginians, Sardinia, and Corsica.
The Carthaginian commander Hannibal is defeated by Sulpicius in Sardi
The triumph of C.Aquillius, over the Carthaginians.
The triumph of C.Paterculus, over the Carthaginians and Sardinia.
The triumph of A.Atilius, over Sicily and the Carthaginians.
triumph of C.Atilius, for his naval victory over the Carthaginians.
The Romans defeat the Carthaginian fleet off Ecnomus.
The Carthaginians send Hanno as envoy to the Roman commanders.
The Carthaginians recall Hamilcar from Sicily to Africa.
The Romans defeat the Carthaginian army at Adys.
triumph of L.Manlius, for his naval victory over the Carthaginians.
Inconclusive negotiations between Regulus and the Carthaginians.
The Carthaginians appoint Xanthippus as their general.
The Carthaginians besiege Aspis.
The Romans defeat the Carthaginian fleet near the Hermaean promontory
Xanthippus leaves Carthage and returns home to Sparta.
The Carthaginians send Hasdrubal to command their army in Sicily.
The Carthaginian general Carthalo captures Acragas.
The Carthaginians capture some Roman ships returning from Panormus.
The triumph of Ser.Fulvius, over the Cossurenses and Carthaginians.
The triumph of M.Aemilius, over the Cossurenses and Carthaginians.
The triumph of Cornelius Asina, over the Carthaginians.
The triumph of Sempronius Blaesus, over the Carthaginians.
The triumph of Cotta, over the Carthaginians and Sicilians.
L.Caecilius defeats the Carthaginian army under Hasdrubal at Panormu
The Carthaginians destroy Selinus.
The Carthaginian commander Himilco foils a plot to betray Lilybaeum.
The Romans drive back a Carthaginian sally at Lilybaeum.
The Carthaginians burn down the Roman siege works at Lilybaeum.
The Carthaginians send M.Regulus to Rome to negotiate peace terms and
Roman senate and urges them to reject the Carthaginians' proposals.
Regulus returns to Carthage after the failure of his mission to Rome.
Regulus is tortured to death after his return to Carthage.
The Carthaginian admiral Adherbal defeats the Roman fleet under P.Cla
The Carthaginian admiral Carthalo attacks the Roman fleet at Lilybaeu
his fleet on a rocky shore to avoid meeting the Carthaginian fleet.
The Romans and Carthaginians exchange prisoners.
Hamilcar Barca is appointed Carthaginian commander.
The Carthaginian general Hanno captures Hecatompylus.
The Carthaginians send an embassy to Ptolemaeus II, but fail to get
The birth of Hannibal, the famous Carthaginian general.
The Romans defeat the Carthaginian fleet near Aegimurus.
ries at Eryx desert from the Carthaginians to the Romans, and then
Hanno sets sail with a Carthaginian fleet, carrying supplies to the
Lutatius destroys the Carthaginian fleet at the battle of Aegates Ins
Carthage gives Hamilcar powers to negotiate peace with Rome.
able to see ships leaving Carthage from a view-point near Lilybaeu
sons of Regulus torture two Carthaginian prisoners, Bodostor and Ham
are agreed between Rome and Carthage: end of the First Punic War.
Gesco transports the Carthaginian mercenaries to Africa.
triumph of Lutatius, for his naval victory over the Carthaginians.
The Carthaginians appoint Hamilcar to share the command against the
The Carthaginians make Hamilcar their sole general.
Utica revolts from Carthage.
Carthage appeals to Hieron for help against the mercenaries.
The Carthaginians appeal to the Romans for help against the mercenari
The mercenaries are forced to raise the siege of Carthage.
Mathus defeats and kills the Carthaginian general Hannibal.
Romans declare war on the Carthaginians, after a dispute about Sar
The Carthaginians cede Sardinia to the Romans.
Utica surrenders to the Carthaginians: the end of the Mercenary War.
The Carthaginians appoint Hamilcar to be their general in Spain.
Hamilcar sails from Carthage to Spain.
Romans from making war on Carthage because of the dispute over Sar
The Romans once again threaten the Carthaginians with war.
amilcar, who is succeeded as Carthaginian commander in Spain by Hasdr
pts to prevent Hannibal from joining the Carthaginian army in Spain.
of expansion in Spain, and seeks political influence at Carthage.
Hannibal is appointed to be the new Carthaginian commander in Spain.
The Barcid faction at Carthage appeals to Hannibal for help.
aguntum, and Hannibal sends their envoys to Carthage for a decision.
Roman embassy at Carthage.
The Carthaginians reject the ultimatum of a Roman embassy: the start
Sempronius defeats the Carthaginian fleet at Lilybaeum.
Cn.Scipio defeats the Carthaginian general Hanno at Cissa.
Cn.Scipio defeats a Carthaginian fleet near the Ebro.
The Carthaginians demand Hannibal's son for a human sacrifice.
Carthaginian fleet approaches Caieta in Latium.
Hannibal asks for reinforcements from Carthage, but receives none.
Carthaginian caught spying at Rome is released with his hands cut
Carthaginian fleet raids the coast of Sicily.
the battle of Cannae to Carthage, and shows as proof a large pil
Casilinum surrenders to the Carthaginians.
The Romans and Carthaginians prepare for the next year's fighting.
The Carthaginians order Hasdrubal to lead his army into Italy.
The Carthaginians foment a revolt in Sardinia.
.Sempronius Longus defeats a Carthaginian force under Hanno near Grum
omans relieve Iliturgi, after defeating the Carthaginian army there.
The Carthaginians capture Locri and Croton.
teen legions to the commanders of the war against the Carthaginians.
The Roman and Carthaginian armies fight near Munda.
reparations of the Romans and the Carthaginians for the coming year.
The Carthaginians capture Thurii.
Peace is agreed between Syphax and the Carthaginians.
The Carthaginian admiral Bomilcar declines battle against the Roman
Marcellus defeats the Carthaginians by the river Himera; the completi
Carthaginian fleet joins in the blockade of the Roman garrison
Spanish leaders leave the Carthaginian army and go over to Scipio.
The three Carthaginian generals in Spain hold a conference, and decid
The Numidian king Gala seizes Carthaginian territory.
the Balearic Islands; the end of Carthaginian resistance in Spain.
receives reinforcements from Carthage, and sets about raising an army
The Carthaginians resolve to continue the war in conjunction with Syp
Scipio defeats the Carthaginians at the battle of the Great Plains.
The Carthaginians attack the Roman fleet at Utica, while Scipio is
returns territory which had been captured by Masinissa to Carthage.
Scipio agrees to a short truce with the Carthaginians.
Hannibal is ordered by the Carthaginians to leave Italy, and sails
Carthaginian envoys appear before the Roman senate to discuss peace
The Carthaginians seize some Roman transport ships bringing supplies
Scipio captures three Carthaginian spies, but releases them unharmed.
between the Romans and the Carthaginians; the end of the Second Pun
ssies from Philippus and the Carthaginians appear before the senate.
The Roman senate and people ratify the peace with Carthage.
Romans send an embassy to Carthage, Masinissa, and Vermina the son
enter office, and receive a Carthaginian embassy with the first paym
Hannibal as sufete reforms the Carthaginian government and finances.
Hannibal is forced to leave Carthage.
Hannibal sends Ariston of Tyre on a secret mission to Carthage.
Masinissa invades Emporia, and the Carthaginians appeal to Rome.
Romans hand over two men to Carthage, because they had assaulted som
the sympathy of the audience by recalling his victory over Carthage.
The birth of Cleitomachus, the Carthaginian philosopher.
mediate in a dispute between Carthage and Masinissa, but do not reach
reports on contacts between the Carthaginians and the Macedonians.
aginian embassy accuses Masinissa of seizing Carthaginian territory.
Carthaginian embassy accuses Masinissa of seizing Carthaginian terr
the son of Masinissa and a Carthaginian embassy make more accusatio
pear before the senate, from Carthage and Masinissa, from Alpine stat
Cleitomachus leaves Carthage and goes to live in Athens.
seize Lower Syrtis from the Carthaginians, and is supported by the
senate sends an embassy to arbitrate between Masinissa and Carthage.
oman commission is sent to arbitrate between Masinissa and Carthage.
M.Cato goes as ambassador to Carthage.
ato urges the destruction of Carthage, and illustrates the threat by
Another Roman embassy, led by Scipio Nasica, is sent to Carthage.
the son of Masinissa, and reports on Carthaginian war preparations.
The Carthaginians expel Masinissa's supporters.
battle between Masinissa and the Carthaginians.
Masinissa forces the Carthaginian army to surrender.
Romans start to raise an army to fight against the Carthaginians.
The Carthaginians send an embassy to defend their action against Masi
senate to go to war against Carthage, despite the opposition of Nasi
The Romans declare war on Carthage: start of the Third Punic War.
The Carthaginians send an embassy to try to avert war.
The Carthaginian embassy decides to formally surrender to the Romans.
The Carthaginians hand over hostages to the Romans.
The Carthaginians hand over their weapons to the Romans.
The Romans order the Carthaginians to abandon their city.
The Carthaginians decide that war is inevitable, and begin to make
The consuls assault Carthage.
The Carthaginians send envoys to Africa, Mauretania, and Macedonia,
Hasdrubal, grandson of Masinissa, is murdered at Carthage.
Mancinus captures part of Carthage.
Scipio rescues Mancinus from a Carthaginian counter-attack.
Scipio breaks into the Megara district of Carthage.
Scipio cuts off Carthage by land.
hing Carthage by sea, and defeats the Carthaginians in a sea battle.
Scipio captures the outer quay at Carthage.
The Roman army advances to the Byrsa of Carthage.
which Scipio quickly and decisively defeated the Carthaginians.
Carthage is destroyed by fire, and razed to the ground: the end of
The destruction of Carthage, and the lack of a powerful rival, are
Laelius returns to Rome to announce the capture of Carthage.
cipio sends back spoils from Carthage to Sicily, without taking anyth
paintings of the capture of Carthage, to help his campaign to be ele
The Lex Rubria authorizes the founding of a colony at Carthage.
Gracchus goes to Carthage to organize the refounding of the city.
Drusus attacks Flaccus while Gracchus is absent in Carthage.
Marius attempts to land near Carthage in the province of Africa, but
Caesar plans to found a Roman colony on the site of Carthage.
one. And Mago the Carthaginian passed three times through
ribes, but also from the Carthaginians, begging him to ent
it, and sold it to the Carthaginians for a hundred and
between the Romans and Carthaginians; the fifth was a
Herillus, a native of Carthage, said that the chief goo
rations of Pyrrhus against the Carthaginians in Sicily,
. . .  & The origins of Carthage. The Carthaginian
ius proclaimed war against the Carthaginians. [239-40] &
thinks lightly of the Carthaginians : PRISCIANUS : Dido
to have spoken of the Carthaginians as petticoated lads
hear me! he will be a Carthaginian, whatever his name
ches. Ennius - The Poeni hamstrung them, wicked haughty
as promising the Romans that Carthage shall be overthrow
& Terms of peace imposed an Carthage, 201 B.C. : VARRO
onths before the Tyrians built Carthage. In their annals
this king to the building of Carthage is thus calculated
from him, and built the city Carthage in Libya. So the
time as the founding of Carthage, that is, in the thirty-
year of these consuls, Carthage was restored, on the Ide
ph, over the Sicilians and the Carthaginian fleet, k.Inter
alla, consul, & over the Carthaginians and Hieron king of
The Romans defeated the Carthaginians in a naval battle,
[1764 in Ar.] The Carthaginians captured 90 Roman ships
r.] Publius Terentius of Carthage, the writer of comedies,
uls; and Scipio captured Carthage for the Romans, 669 year
Galatia, and Iberia, and Carthage, and Libya; and that,
Just_* 18.2-7 *
me, Mago, general of the Carthaginians, being sent to the
Just_* 22.2-8 *
Hamilcar, general of the Carthaginians, being entreated
Just_* 23.1-4 *
ncluded a peace with the Carthaginians, reduced, by force
Just_* 25.3-5 *
ing been defeated by the Carthaginians in a sea fight on
heir fortune against the Carthaginians and Gauls, by whom
Just_* 29.1-4 *
appointed general of the Carthaginians, not for want of
mstance, that, since the Carthaginians and Hannibal were
Romans, observing that "Carthage and Sicily on one side,
Just_* 31.2-7 *
ole day, in the forum of Carthage, before the face of the
hen, after his return to Carthage, he held the chief comma
acedonians surpassed the Carthaginians in honour, and were
BOOK 34 [34.1] The Carthaginians and Macedonians being sub
prisoner; to him, that Carthage was destroyed; he was
The forces of the Carthaginians, too, in a war which rose
ster in the war with the Carthaginians, exulted with smile
kings was at an end, the Carthaginians were the first that
Africa and burnt down Carthage, the city where Hannibal
Romans' wars against the Carthaginians and Hannibal, and
fter he had overcome the Carthaginians at Himera, made pea
leave to the Romans and Carthaginians! & His soldiers cal
le. & When he took Carthage by storm, some soldiers took
although he was lord of Carthage, and enriched his soldie
by his assistance to conquer Carthage with more ease and
the war against Himilco the Carthaginian. When he had
When Himilco, king of Carthage, invaded Sicily, Gelon,
heron, in a battle against the Carthaginians, put the enem
had been defeated by the Carthaginians, and the battlefiel
racidas. After the Carthaginians declared war against Syra
nysius obliged the Carthaginians to pay a very high ransom
nsuccessful war with the Carthaginians, Dionysius ventured
rtunity of attacking the Carthaginians in the rear, and
hieve. When the Carthaginians invaded the territory of
victory he had gained over the Carthaginians. And he invit
an expedition against Carthage, to test the resolution
in a battle against the Carthaginians, with the Syracusan
Leptines. The Carthaginians, who were sailing by Pach
milco. Himilco the Carthaginian, who was were aware that
anchor by night with the Carthaginian fleet on an expediti
town, and prevented the Carthaginian forces from entering
ablest generals that the Carthaginians ever had, was in
ing his army against the Carthaginians in Sicily, just as
from where he saw the Carthaginian army drawn up, to
Polyaen_* 06.16.1-5 *
the owners of them.  The Carthaginians. Whent he Car
ich they were oppressed by the Carthaginians. Hannib
command of a squadron of Carthaginian ships, gave the appe
make against any of the Carthaginians, the dispute should
when a prisoner of the Carthaginians, engaged himself
and Syphax went over to the Carthaginians. He immediate
When some Carthaginian spies were captured, inste
aius. While the Carthaginian fleet, consisting of eight
eatly after the destruction of Carthage. Indeed, outrages
#& When the threat from Carthage had been removed, they
tween the second and the final Carthaginian wars. [1.10]
Spaniards from the army of the Carthaginians. They are a
they were hard pressed by the Carthaginians. When Antioc
nsul, fought against the Carthaginian fleet at Drepana des
ional bravery. The Carthaginians suffered a two-fold defea
Carthage → see
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