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169 B.C. Olympiad 152.4


Consuls: Q. Marcius L.f. Philippus (II), Cn. Servilius Cn.f. Caepio
Athenian archon: Eunicus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 EGY The coming of age (anacleteria) of Ptolemy VI.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_27.13'1-4, ~28.12'8; Suda_P'3041; { Walbank_p324.}
2 ROM Claudius and Gracchus are elected censors, and help the consuls to overcome opposition to conscription at Rome.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_43.14'1-15'8; +FastCap_p66; { CAH_8'194; OCD_g.}
3 ILL << Perseus invades Illyria.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_43.18'1-19'12; ~Oros_4.20'38;L  { CAH_8'315.}
4 Perseus attempts to persuade Genthius the Illyrian king to join him in the war against Rome.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_28.8'1-11; ~Diod_30.9'1-2; +Liv_43.19'13-20'4; Plut:Aem_9'6-7; DioCass_fr.66'1; +Zonar_9'22.(p337) 
5 GRE Perseus fails to capture Stratus.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_28.9'1-8; +Liv_43.21'1-23'8.
6 MAC Philippus crosses to Greece and takes command of the army in Thessaly.
+Liv_44.1'1-12.
7 PEL The assembly of the Achaean League votes to send an army to fight against Perseus in Thessaly.
~Polyb_28.12'1-9; { CAH_8'314; Green_276.}
8 EGY The armies of Antiochus and Ptolemy advance to meet each other.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
Daniel_8'9; 1Macc_1'16-17; ~Diod_30.15'1-16'11; Joseph:AJ_12'242; Just_34.2'7; { CAH_8'344; Walbank_p324.}
9 ROM ++ The character of Sex. Aelius Paetus.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Rep_1'30,L  :Brut_78; Justin:Dig_1.2.2'38<q" Pomponius>; { Paetus, the consul of 198 B.C., was warmly praised by Ennius.}
10 ?? Scipio Nasica jokingly rebukes Ennius after being refused entry to his house, near the sanctuary of Tutilina at Rome.
Cic:DeOr_2'276;L  Varro:Ling_5'163.
11 {July -R = April} The death of the poet Ennius.
* Read Cicero's account
#Cic:Brut_78, +:Sen_14; Suet:Gram_2; !Hieron:Chron_1838; Schol:Bob_178;L  { CAH_8'444; OCD_e.}
11a AEG ?? Document: Inscr_61.D, a list of victors in the Asclepieia games at Cos.
12 PAL << Lysimachus the brother of Menelaus is killed in a riot at Jerusalem.
2Macc_4'39-50; { After the murder of Onias, and before Antiochus' second invasion of Egypt.}
13 EXT ?? Demetrius of Bactria conquers part of India.
Strab_11'516;(11.1)  { See CAH_8'399; there were probably two Bactrian kings called Demetrius, who have been confused by our sources.}
14 EXT << Demetrius, king of Bactria, is defeated and killed by Eucratides.
Just_41.6'4; { CAH_8'401-402; OCD_d<165?>.}
15 MAC Philippus penetrates into Macedonia.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_28.13'1; ~Diod_30.10'1; +Liv_44.2'1-5'13; Flor_1.28'5; Appian:Mac_14;(28)  Ampel_16'4;L  +Zonar_9'22;(p337)  { CAH_8'314; OCD_p.}
16 EGY Antiochus defeats the Egyptians near Pelusium.
* Read Diodorus' account
Daniel_11'24-26; 1Macc_1'18-19; ~Diod_30.14'1; Porph:Fr_49; Malal_206; { CAH_8'344; Green_430.}
17 Ptolemy VI attempts to escape to Samothrace.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_28.21'1-5; Diod_30.17'1.
18 Antiochus captures Pelusium.
* Read Diodorus' account
~Polyb_28.18'1; ~Diod_30.14'1, 18'1-2; Joseph:AJ_12'243; { Green_430.}
19 ROM {23 Sept. -R = June} The tribune P.Rutilius brings the censors to trial.
* Read Livy's account
Cic:Rep_6'2;L  #Liv_43.16'1-15; ValMax_6.5'3;L  [Vict]:VirIll_57'3.L 
20 MAC Philippus advances to Dium.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_28.10'1; ~Diod_30.10'2-11'2; +Liv_44.6'1-7'12; Flor_1.28'6; Appian:Mac_15;(29)  { CAH_8'315.}
21 The Romans capture Heracleium.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_28.11'1, 13'1-14, 16'1-17'15; +Liv_44.8'1-9'11; Appian:Mac_17;(31)  +Zonar_9'22.(p337) 
22 EGY Antiochus addresses envoys from Athens, Miletus, Clazomenae, and the Achaeans, in order to justify his invasion of Egypt.
~Polyb_28.19'1-20'13.
23 Ptolemy VI joins Antiochus, who promises to support him against his brother, and sets up a rival seat of government at Memphis.
* Read Zonaras' account
Burstein_106'16-17;B  Daniel_11'27; ~Liv_44.19'8; Athen_3.124'e; Porph:Fr_49; [Euseb]:Chron_161;(↓)  Suda_H'462; Zonar_9'25;(p359)  { CAH_8'344; Green_430.}
24 Antiochus besieges Alexandria.
~Liv_44.19'9; { Walbank_p358.}
25 CRE The army of Cydonia massacres the inhabitants of Apollonia.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_28.14'1-15'3; ~Diod_30.13'1; { Walbank_p348.}
26 ROM An embassy from Rhodes tries to maintain friendly relations with Rome.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_28.2'1-8; +Liv_44.14'1-16'7; DioCass_fr.66'2; +Zonar_9'22;(p339)  { CAH_8'314.}
27 MAC The Romans attack Cassandreia.
* Read Livy's account
~Diod_30.12'1; +Liv_44.10'1-12'8; Appian:Mac_30'
28 The Romans withdraw from Demetrias, after alleged contacts between the Macedonians and Cydas, an officer of Eumenes.
* Read Livy's account
~Polyb_29.6'1, 7'8; +Liv_44.13'1-14.
29 EGY Antiochus withdraws from Alexandria.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_28.22'1-23'5; Liv_45.11'1; Joseph:AJ_12'243-244; { Green_430.}
29a MES {Abu -B = August/Sept.} The citizens of Babylon celebrate the news of Antiochus' victories in Egypt.
BabylChron_BM.41581.
30 PAL Antiochus robs the temple at Jerusalem.
* Read Daniel's account
Daniel_8'23-25, 9'26, 11'28; +1Macc_1'20-28; Diod_34.1'3; Joseph:BJ_1'32, 7'44, +:AJ_12'246-247, '357, '359, :Ap_2'80-102; Porph:Fr_50, 51; [Euseb]:Chron_127;(↓)  Sulpit_2'18; { Green_512.}
31 ROM {13 December -R = September} The censors review the equites again, and punish P.Rutilius.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_44.16'8-11; Plut:TGrac_14'4.
32 Paullus is assigned Macedonia as his province immediately after his election as consul.
* Read Livy's account
Cic:Div_1'103; +Liv_44.17'1-18'5; CIL_11.1829; Vell_1.9'3; ValMax_1.5'3;L  Plut:Aem_6'8-7'1, 10'1-8, :Mor_197'F-198'A; Just_33.1'6; { CAH_8'315.}
33 ILL Genthius joins the war as an ally of Perseus against Rome.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_29.3'1-4'7, 9'13; ~Liv_44.23'1-10, 27'8-12; ValMax_3.3'2;L  Plut:Aem_13'1-2; Flor_1.29'1; Appian:Ill_9; DioCass_fr.66'1; { CAH_8'315.}
34 ASI Alleged negotiations between Perseus and Eumenes.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_29.4'8-9'13; ~Liv_44.24'1-25'12, 27'13; Appian:Mac_18'1;(32)  DioCass_fr.66'1; { CAH_8'533.}
34a EGY {3 epag. -E = 1 October} The Buchis bull is moved to Hermonthis, because Thebes is occupied by foreign troops.
Inscr_1'B.
35 Reconciliation between Ptolemy VI and his brother Ptolemy VIII.
* Read Livy's account
Polyb_29.23'4; Liv_45.11'2-8; Just_34.2'8; ~[Euseb]:Chron_161;(↓)  { CAH_8'344; Hölbl_p146; Bennett.}
35a PEL == Document: Syll_649, a statue of Philippus at Olympia.
36 ROM == The Lex Voconia restricts women's rights of inheritance.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.1'107-110, :Balb_21, :Rep_3'17,L  :Fin_2'55, +:Sen_14; ~[Liv]:Per_41; Gaius:Inst_2'226,L  '274;L  Gell_20.1'23; DioCass_56.10'2; August:DeCiv_3'21;(↓)  { OCD_lex.}
37 == The censor Claudius passes a law to prevent the serving of delicacies such as dormice at banquets.
Plin:HN_36'4.L 
38 == The censor Gracchus enrols freedmen into one of the urban tribes.
Cic:DeOr_1'38;L  { CAH_8'169; OCD_g..}

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