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43 B.C. Olympiad 184.2


Consuls: C. Vibius C.f. Pansa Caetronianus , A. Hirtius A.f.
Athenian archon: (?) Polycharmus

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The events of this year have been split into two parts.


    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

71 Document: Cic:Fam_10.34-35, letters from Lepidus to Cicero.
72 Document: Cic:Fam_10.25 & 12.25a, letters from Cicero to Furnius and Cornificius.
73 {May} Document: Cic:AdBrut_6 & 14, (1.1, 6)  letters of Cicero to and from M.Brutus.
74 {June} Document: Cic:Fam_11.21 & 11.24-26, letters of Cicero to and from D.Brutus.
75 Document: Cic:Fam_10.32-33 & 12.13, letters from Pollio and Cassius Parmensis to Cicero.
76 Document: [Verg]:Cat_2 & 10, poems mocking Ventidius and Annius Cimber.
Quint_8.3'28-29; { Tenney Frank, Vergil, pp.81-86.}
77 PAL Herodes kills Malichus.
Joseph:BJ_1'229-235, :AJ_14'285-293.
78 ROM {30 June} Lepidus is declared a public enemy by the Roman senate.
#Cic:Fam_12.10'1, :AdBrut_3'2.(2.3) 
79 {June} Document: Cic:Fam_11.13a-16 & 11.25, letters of Cicero to and from Decimus Brutus.
80 Document: Cic:Fam_10.22-23, letters of Cicero to and from Plancus.
81 Document: Cic:Fam_10.26 & 12.30, letters from Cicero to Furnius and Cornificius.
82 Document: Cic:Fam_11.17, a letter from Cicero to (?) M.Brutus.
83 {June} Document: Cic:AdBrut_7 & 15-19, (1.2, 7)  letters of Cicero to and from M.Brutus.
84 Document: Cic:AdBrut_25, (1.17)  a letter from M.Brutus to Atticus.
85 Document: Cic:Fam_12.8-10, letters from Cicero to Cassius.
86 Document: Cic:Fam_10.29 & 11.22, letters from Cicero to Appius Pulcher and Decimus Brutus.
87 SYR Dolabella is killed at Laodiceia, after being defeated by Cassius.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Fam_12.13'4, 14'4, 15'7; [Liv]:Per_121; Strab_16'752;(2.9)  Vell_2.69'2, 84'2; Seneca:Suas_1'7;L  Joseph:BJ_1'231; Appian:BCiv_4'60-62, 5'4; Gell_3.9'4; DioCass_47.30'1-7; Oros_6.18'13;L  { CAH_10'6; OCD_d.}
88 ROM Octavianus sends some centurions to demand that he be made consul, but the senate refuses.
* Read Appian's account
@  (?) +Plut:Cic_45'4; +Appian:BCiv_3'85-88; +DioCass_46.42'1-43'5.
89 {July} Document: Cic:AdBrut_20-24 & 26, (1.12, 18)  letters of Cicero to and from M.Brutus.
90 {28 July} Document: Cic:Fam_10.24, a letter from Plancus to Cicero.
91 Octavianus marches on Rome.
* Read Dio's account
[Liv]:Per_119; +Appian:BCiv_3'88-93; +DioCass_46.44'1-45'2; +Obseq_69; { CAH_9'485.}
92 {19 August} Octavianus is appointed consul.
* Read Dio's account
Aug:ResGest_1; FastCap_p80; #EhrJon:Fast_Aug19; [Liv]:Per_119; Vell_2.65'2; +Plut:Cic_45'4-46'2, :Brut_27'3; Tac:Ann_1'10, :Dial_17'2; Suet:Aug_26'1; +Appian:BCiv_3'94; +DioCass_46.45'3-46'4, #56.30'5; +Obseq_69; Eutrop_7.2'1; Macrob:Sat_1.12'35.L 
93 Octavianus forces the senate into compliance, and gives away money to his soldiers.
* Read Dio's account
@  (?) Suet:Caes_88'1; +Appian:BCiv_3'94; SHA:Sev_7'6; DioCass_46.46'5-47'8.
94 Document: [Cic]:AdOct_,L  a supposed letter from Cicero to Octavianus. { This letter is generally agreed to be spurious.}
95 CIS Decimus Brutus is pursued by Antonius, and killed after his troops desert him.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Fam_11.13a'1; [Cic]:AdOct_7;L  [Liv]:Per_120; Strab_4'205;(6.7)  Vell_2.64'1-2; ValMax_4.7'6,L  9.13'3;L  Sen:Ep_82'12-13; Appian:Ill_19, +:BCiv_3'97-98; +DioCass_46.53'1-54'1; Oros_6.18'7;L  { OCD_b.}
96 ASI After M.Brutus crosses over to Asia, Gellius Publicola forms a plot against him.
* Read Dio's account
Cic:Fam_12.14'1; [Liv]:Per_122; DioCass_47.24'2-6; { CAH_9'485.}
97 ROM The murderers of Julius Caesar are condemned to death, as authorised by the Lex Pedia.
* Read Dio's account
Aug:ResGest_2; [Liv]:Per_120; Vell_2.69'5; Plut:Brut_27'4-5; Suet:Ner_3'1-2, :Gal_3'2; +Appian:BCiv_3'95, 4'27, 5'48; +DioCass_46.48'1-49'5; { OCD_p.}
98 P.Titius is doomed to die before the end of the year, after deposing the tribune Servilius Casca.
DioCass_46.49'1-2; !Obseq_70; { MRR_2'226.}
99 The death of Atia, the mother of Octavianus.
+Suet:Aug_61'2; { OCD_a.}
100 CIS Octavianus, Antonius and Lepidus agree to form a political alliance - the Second Triumvirate.
* Read Appian's account
[Cic]:AdOct_7;L  [Liv]:Per_119; Vell_2.65'1; Suet:Aug_62'1; +Appian:BCiv_3'96-97; DioCass_47.43'6, 52.18'2; [Vict]:VirIll_85'2;L  Eutrop_7.2'1; +Cassiod:Chr_711; Oros_6.18'8.L 
101 {October} Octavianus, Antonius and Lepidus meet on an island near Bononia, to decide their next actions.
* Read Plutarch's account
[Liv]:Per_120; Vell_2.65'2; +Plut:Cic_46'2-3, :Brut_27'6, :Ant_19'1-2, 20'1; Flor_2.16'1-3; +Appian:BCiv_4'2-3, 5'43; +DioCass_46.54'1-56'4, 48.22'1; { CAH_9'486.}
102 SPA Sextus Pompeius uses his fleet to dominate the western Mediterranean sea.
Quint_3.8'44; Flor_2.18'1-2.
103 THR Brutus attacks the Bessi, a Thracian tribe.
* Read Dio's account
[Liv]:Per_122; ~Appian:BCiv_4'75;(↓)  DioCass_47.25'1-2.
104 CIL Cassius captures Tarsus, and forces its inhabitants to pay a large contribution to his army.
~Appian:BCiv_4'63-64; DioCass_47.31'1-4.
105 ETR Octavianus performs a favourable sacrifice at Spoletium.
Plin:HN_11'190;L  +Suet:Aug_95'1.
106 ROM Various prodigies alarm the citizens of Rome as the triumvirs approach the city.
+Appian:BCiv_4'4; +DioCass_47.1'1-2'3.
107 {27 November} The triumvirs are formally appointed and granted extensive powers by the Lex Titia.
* Read Appian's account
#EhrJon:Fast_43BC; Aug:ResGest_1; +Appian:BCiv_4'7; Eutrop_7.8'2; ChronPasc_465'C; { CAH_10'1.}
108 Octavianus resigns as consul, and Ventidius is appointed consul in his place.
* Read Velleius' account
Vell_2.65'3; ValMax_6.9'9;L  Gell_15.4'3; { OCD_v.}
109 The tribune Salvius and the praetor Minucius are killed, by order of the triumvirs.
Vell_2.64'3-4; +Appian:BCiv_4'17.
110 The triumvirs set up proscriptions, listing many of their opponents (including over 100 senators) who are condemned to immediate death.
* Read Appian's account
Vell_2.66'1-2; ValMax_5.7'3,L  6.8'5,L  9.5'4,L  11'5-7;L  Plin:HN_7'134,L  '147,L  13'25,L  34'6;L  Plut:Ant_20'2; Suet:Aug_27'1; Flor_2.16'3-6; Appian:BCiv_4'5-6, +'7-18,(↓)  '21-30; +DioCass_47.3'1-8'2, 8'5-9'2, 11'4, 56.37'3-4; Oros_6.18'9-12;L  { CAH_9'486.}
111 L.Caesar, the uncle of Antonius, and Paullus, the brother of Lepidus, are amongst the proscribed, but they are allowed to escape.
* Read Appian's account
[Liv]:Per_120; Vell_2.67'1-4; Plut:Cic_46'2-4, :Ant_19'2-4, 20'5-6, 92'2; Appian:BCiv_4'12, +'36-37;(↓)  +DioCass_47.6'3, 8'1, '5; [Vict]:VirIll_85'3.L 
112 Q.Lucretius Vespillo is proscribed, but he is saved by the loyalty of his wife Turia.
@  (?) CIL_6.1527; ValMax_6.7'2;L  +Appian:BCiv_4'44.
113 Urbinius Panapio, Antius Restio, M.Volusius, M.Messala, M.Varro and others of the proscribed escape detection and death, in various ways.
* Read Appian's account
ValMax_6.8'6-7,L  7.3'8;L  Sen:Ben_2.11'1, 3.25'1; Plin:HN_37'81-82;L  Aelian:Fr_121; +Appian:BCiv_4'38-48; +DioCass_47.7'4, 10'1-7, 11'3-4, 54.2'1; Macrob:Sat_1.11'16-20.L 
114 ?? Various sayings of Cicero.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plin:HN_36'46;L  Quint_6.3'84, '86, '96, 8.3'54; Plut:Cic_26'4-6, '8, 27'1-3, :Mor_204'E-205'E, 631'D;(2.1)  Macrob:Sat_2.3'2,L  '16,L  7.3'7;L  Justin:Dig_50.16'96.
115 ITA {7 December} Cicero is killed by the soldiers of the triumvirs, after being included in the proscriptions.
* Read Plutarch's account
Vell_2.64'3-4, 66'2-5; ValMax_1.4'6,L  5.3'4;L  Seneca:Contr_7.2'1-14,L  :Suas_6'1-7'11;L  Mart_5.69'1-8; Juvenal_10'118-126;L  Plut:Cic_47'1-48'4, 54'1; #Tac:Dial_17'2-3; +Appian:BCiv_4'19-20; [Vict]:VirIll_81'6;L  Hieron:Chron_1975; August:DeCiv_3'30;(↓)  { CAH_9'487; OCD_c.}
116 ++ General comments on the life and character of M.Cicero, as an orator and a politician.
* Read Nepos' account
Nepos:Att_16'1-4, :Fr_3-5; Vell_2.128'3; Seneca:Suas_6'21-27;L  Sen:Dial_10.5'1-3; Plin:HN_13'92;L  Quint_11.3'143, 12.1'16-17; Silius_8'406-411;L  Plut:Cic_24'6-7, :Mor_540'F-541'A; Plinius:Ep_3.15'1.
117 ROM Antonius and his wife Fulvia abuse the severed head of Cicero, which is placed on the rostra in Rome.
* Read Dio's account
[Liv]:Per_120; Seneca:Suas_6'17,L  '19,L  '21,L  '26;L  Plut:Cic_49'1-2, :Ant_20'3-4; Flor_2.16'5; +Appian:BCiv_4'20; +DioCass_47.8'3-4, 11'1-2; Hieron:Chron_1975; Suda_Ph'567.
118 SIC Many of the proscribed join Sextus Pompeius after escaping from Italy by sea.
* Read Appian's account
[Liv]:Per_123; +Appian:BCiv_4'36, 5'72;(↓)  +DioCass_47.12'1-3, 48.17'2-3, 30'5, 51.4'3; { CAH_10'5.}
119 ROM The triumvirs raise money by seizing the property of their opponents, and by taxing wealthy women.
* Read Appian's account
Nepos:Att_12'3-5; ValMax_8.3'3;L  Sen:Dial_6.20'5; Quint_1.1'6; Plut:Ant_21'1-5; Tac:Ann_1'10; +Appian:BCiv_4'31-35; +DioCass_47.13'1-15'4.
120 MAC C.Antonius is put to death by Hortensius, after attempting to start an uprising against Brutus.
* Read Plutarch's account
@  (?) Cic:AdBrut_7'3;(1.2)  [Liv]:Per_121; Sen:Dial_11.16'1-2; Plut:Brut_28'1, :Ant_22'6; +Appian:BCiv_3'79; DioCass_47.22'2-24'2; { CAH_10'6; OCD_a=42.}
121 Brutus issues coins displaying his own image, with a liberty cap and two daggers on the other side.
~DioCass_47.25'3; { pictures of these coins.}
122 ROM {29 December} The triumph of Plancus, from Gaul.
* Read Fasti's account
CIL_10.6087; #FastTr_p109; Vell_2.67'4; Plin:HN_35'108.L 
123 {31 December} The triumph of Lepidus, from Spain.
* Read Fasti's account
#FastTr_p109; Vell_2.67'4; Appian:BCiv_3'31.
124 == A public temple is dedicated at Rome to Serapis and Isis.
+DioCass_47.15'4.
125 == The death of Caecilia, the mother of Atticus.
Nepos:Att_17'1; { Atticus was 67 years old.}
126 == Publilius Syrus is in his prime.
+Hieron:Chron_1974.
127 << Varius writes a poem, called "De Morte", probably based on the death of Julius Caesar.
Macrob:Sat_6.1'39-40,L  2'19-20;L  { OCD_v.}
128 GRE == Document: Sherk_84,B  Greek inscriptions in honour of M.Brutus.
129 GLT << Deiotarus kills his son-in-law Castor.
Strab_12'568;(5.3)  Suda_K'469; { Allegedly, in retaliation for bringing charges against Deiotarus in 45 B.C.}
130 == Document: Inscr_8, the epitaph of Deiotarus (?) Philopator.

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