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264 B.C. Olympiad 129.1


Consuls: Ap. Claudius C.f. Caudex, M. Fulvius Q.f. Flaccus
Athenian archon: Diognetus
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Philinus of Cos

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 SIC << A Carthaginian garrison occupies Messana.
* Read Polyaenus' account
Polyaen_6.16'4; +Zonar_8'8;(p383)  { CAH_7.2'668.}
2 ROM A meeting of the senate decides to send aid to Messana.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.10'1-11'3; Liv_31.7'3, 29'6; ~[Liv]:Per_16; Flor_1.18'1-4; [Vict]:VirIll_37'3;L  +Oros_4.7'1;L  +Zonar_8'8;(p381)  { CAH_7.2'448, '541.}
3 PON << The foundation of Nicomedeia in Bithynia.
* Read St.Jerome's account
Strab_12'563;(4.2)  Memn_12'1, '6; Paus_5.12'7; Arrian:Fr_29; ChronPasc_425'B; !Hieron:Chron_1755; AmmMarc_22.5'5; { CAH_7.1'425; OCD_n.}
3a GRE << Document: Syll_440, a decree of Delphi in honour of Timomachus of Aegina.
4 PEL Belistiche, the concubine of Ptolemy, wins the Olympic prize in the race for pairs of foals.
* Read Pausanias' account
FGrH_257a'6; ~Paus_5.8'11; +[Euseb]:Chron_207.
5 ETR The Romans capture Vulsinii, and take ruthless action to restore order.
* Read Zonaras' account
~[Liv]:Per_16; Plin:HN_34'34;L  Flor_1.16'1; [Vict]:VirIll_36'2;L  ~Oros_4.5'5;L  ~Zonar_8'7;(p375)  { CAH_7.2'424.}
6 SIC The Carthaginian garrison is forced to withdraw from Messana.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.11'4-5; Diod_22.13'9; DioCass_fr.43'10; [Vict]:VirIll_37'3;L  +Zonar_8'9;(p389)  { CAH_7.2'543.}
7 SIC Acragas enters into an alliance with Carthage.
~Diod_23.1'2; { CAH_7.2'543.}
8 The Carthaginians and Syracusans combine to besiege Messana.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Polyb_1.11'6-8; Diod_22.13'9, ~23.1'2-3; Liv_45.22'6; +Zonar_8'9;(p391)  { CAH_7.2'543.}
9 C.Claudius is defeated while attempting to cross over to Sicily.
* Read Dio's account
@  (?) Diod_23.2'1; DioCass_fr.43'5-8; +Zonar_8'8.(p383-7) 
10 ROM {13 August -R} The dedication of the temple of Vortumnus.
CIL_add.7'Aug13; { CAH_7.2'408.}
11 SIC Ap.Claudius crosses over to Sicily.
* Read Diodorus' account
Polyb_1.5'1-5, 11'9, +12'5-7, 20'13-14, 3.26'3-7; ~Diod_23.1'4; ~[Liv]:Per_16; Vell_2.38'2; Sen:Dial_10.13'4; Frontin:Str_1.4'11; Flor_1.18'5; DioCass_fr.43'8-9; [Vict]:VirIll_37'4;L  +Zonar_8'9.(p389-91) 
12 Negotiations between Claudius and the Carthaginians.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.11'10-11; Diod_23.2'1; { CAH_7.2'543.}
13 Claudius declares war against the Carthaginians and Syracusans: the start of the First Punic War.
* Read Dio's account
Naev:Pun_27; Ennius:Ann_238; Polyb_15.6'6, 8'1; Liv_30.31'4, 45.22'6; +Vell_1.12'6; Plin:HN_15'76;L  Silius_1'8-11,29-33,L  6'660;L  Ampel_46'2-3;L  +Gell_17.21'40; DioCass_fr.43'1-4; Just_29.2'3; { CAH_7.2'541.}
14 Claudius defeats the Syracusans.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.11'12-15, 15'1-3, '6-11; ~Diod_23.3'1; ~[Liv]:Per_16; Flor_1.18'6; +Eutrop_2.18'2; +Oros_4.7'2;L  +Zonar_8'9.(p391-3) 
15 Claudius defeats the Carthaginians.
* Read Dio's account
+Polyb_1.12'1-3, 15'2, '4, '6-11; ~Diod_23.3'1; Silius_6'661-662;L  Suet:Tib_2'1; DioCass_fr.43'11-15; [Vict]:VirIll_37'4;L  +Eutrop_2.18'2; +Oros_4.7'2;L  +Zonar_8'9.(p393-5) 
16 Claudius is repulsed at Echetla.
~Diod_23.3'1.
17 Claudius lays siege to Syracuse.
* Read Zonaras' account
+Polyb_1.12'4, 15'5, '8, '10; +Zonar_8'9;(p399)  { CAH_7.2'545.}
18 ROM {1 November} The triumph of Fulvius Flaccus, over the inhabitants of Vulsinii.
#FastTr_p99.
18a EGY << Document: Inscr_204, the "Mendes Stele", recording the participation of Ptolemy in religious ceremonies at Mendes, and the establishment of the cult of Arsinoe.
18b == Document: Inscr_16, the "Pithom Stele", recording the support given by Ptolemy to both the traditional Egyptian cults and to the cult of his sister Arsinoe.
18c GRE << Document: Syll_432, a decree of Delphi in honour of Nicodromus of Chalcis.
19 ROM >> D.Junius Brutus holds the first gladiatorial show at Rome.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_16; ValMax_2.4'7;L  { OCD_glad; Green_695.}
20 >> The census of Roman citizens is completed, with a total of over 282,000 citizens.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_16; +Eutrop_2.18'2.
21 ETR >> The Romans found colonies at Firmum and Castrum.
~Vell_1.14'8; { CAH_7.2'391.}

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