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145 B.C. Olympiad 158.4


Consuls: Q.Fabius Q.f. Maximus Aemilianus, L. Hostilius L.f. Mancinus
Athenian archon: (?) Metrophanes

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 EGY {13 Tubi -E = 8 Feb.} Document: SelPap_2.415, instructions from Paniscus for the registration of contracts written in demotic.
2 ROM << The triumph of Scipio Aemilianus.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Rep_6'11;L  ~[Liv]:Per_52; Vell_2.4'5; ValMax_4.3'13;L  Plin:HN_33'141;L  ~Appian:Pun_135;(↓)  Gell_3.4'1, 16.8'10; ~Eutrop_4.14'2.
3 The consul Q.Fabius is given command of the Roman army in Spain.
* Read Appian's account
~Diod_33.1'3; [Liv]:EpOx_52'151<x>;L  ~Appian:Hisp_65; { CAH_8'194; OCD_f.}
4 C.Laelius, as praetor, successfully opposes C.Crassus' proposal for the election of priests.
+Cic:Amic_96; { CAH_8'193; OCD_l.}
5 PEL The Roman commissioners leave Achaea.
~Polyb_39.5'1-6; { Walbank_p734.}
6 LUS Viriathus defeats some Roman foragers.
~Appian:Hisp_65'
7 GRE Mummius goes on a tour of Greek cities.
* Read Polybius' account
Syll_676; ~Polyb_39.6'1-5; Cic:Verr_2.4'4; Paus_5.10'5, 24'4, '8; { This occurs after the departure of the ten commissioners in Polybius's account.}
7a CYP ?? Document: Inscr_68, honours granted by catapulters at Paphos to their engineer.
8 ASI ++ General comments on the career of the philosopher Crates of Mallus, who was famous for his studies of grammar and textual criticism.
Suda_K'2342; { The Suda says that Crates was a contemporary of Ptolemy VI.}
9 EGY ++ General comments on the career of the grammarian Heracleides Lembus.
Suda_H'462; { ~OCD_h.}
9a ?? Document: OGIS_111, a dedication by priests on the island of Setis.
10 ?? Ptolemy VI supports the Jews of Alexandria against the Samaritans.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:AJ_13'74-79; ChronPasc_441'C; !Hieron:Chron_1869.
11 SYR << Ptolemy VI enters Antioch.
* Read Josephus' account
~1Macc_11'13; Diod_32.9c'1; Joseph:AJ_13'108, '111-115; Just_35.2'3; { CAH_8'364; Hölbl_p193.}
12 ?? The inhabitants of Aradus lynch some envoys from Marathus.
~Diod_33.5'1-5.
13 ?? Herais changes sex, and adopts the name Diophantus.
Diod_32.10'2-9.
14 ?? Alexander holds a banquet, to which he invites the Epicurean philosopher Diogenes.
Athen_5.211'a-d.
15 ++ General comments on the weak reign of Alexander Balas.
Diod_33.3'1.
16 The battle of Oenoparus: the defeat and death of Alexander Balas.
* Read Josephus' account
~1Macc_11'14-17; Diod_32.9d'1, 10'8; ~[Liv]:Per_52; Strab_16'751;(2.8)  Joseph:AJ_13'116-117; Appian:Syr_65; Just_35.2'4; Trog:Prol_35; [Euseb]:Chron_255, 263; !Hieron:Chron_1877; { CAH_8'364-365; OCD_a.}
17 ++ General comments on the mild character of Ptolemy VI.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_39.7'1-7; Diod_33.12'1; Joseph:Ap_2'49.
18 {July} Ptolemy dies of wounds sustained at the battle of Oenoparus.
* Read Josephus' account
+AstrCan_3; ~Polyb_39.7'1; ~1Macc_11'18; Diod_33.20'1; ~[Liv]:Per_52; Strab_16'751;(2.8)  Joseph:AJ_13'118-119; Trog:Prol_35; [Euseb]:Chron_163, 255; Sulpit_2'24; { Hölbl_p194; Bennett.}
19 Ptolemy's army returns to Egypt, and Demetrius II gains control of Syria.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
+1Macc_11'18-19; Joseph:AJ_13'120; { CAH_8'365.}
20 CYR ?? Ptolemy VIII gives a magnificent banquet on becoming priest of Apollo at Cyrene.
Athen_12.549'e-550'a<q" PtolEuerg_9>.
21 EGY {August} Accession of Ptolemy VIII.
* Read Justin's account
~Diod_33.6'1, 6a'1; ~[Liv]:Per_52; Strab_17'795;(1.11)  Joseph:Ap_2'50-56; ClemAl:Strom_1'21;(↓↓)  Just_38.8'2-4; Trog:Prol_38; [Euseb]:Chron_163; ChronPasc_441'C; !Hieron:Chron_1873; ExcBarb_36A; { OCD_p; Hölbl_p194.}
22 THR War between Attalus of Pergamum and Diegylis the Thracian.
* Read Strabo's account
+OGIS_330; ~Diod_33.14'1-15'2; Strab_13'624;(4.2)  Trog:Prol_36; { CAH_8'539.}
23 LUS Fabius Aemilianus declines to join battle with Viriathus.
* Read Appian's account
Vell_2.5'3; ~Appian:Hisp_65'
24 Laelius defeats Viriathus.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Brut_84, :Off_2'40; { CAH_8'133; not mentioned explicitly by any ancient historian.}
25 PHO Jonathan meets Demetrius at Ptolemais, and wins his support.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_11'20-37; Joseph:AJ_13'121-132; Sulpit_2'25.
26 ROM The triumph of Mummius, who brings many paintings and statues back from Greece.
* Read Eutropius' account
CIL_1.626; Vitr_5.5'8; Verg:Aen_6'836-837; ~[Liv]:Per_52; Vell_2.128'2; Tac:Ann_14'21; [DioChrys]:Or_37'42; ~Appian:Pun_135;(↓)  ~Eutrop_4.14'2.
27 SYR Diodotus, called Tryphon, sets up Antiochus VI as a rival king.
* Read Josephus' account
~1Macc_11'38-40; ~Diod_33.4a'1; ~[Liv]:Per_52; Strab_16'752;(2.10)  Joseph:AJ_13'143-144; Appian:Syr_68; [Euseb]:Chron_255; Oros_5.4'17;L  { CAH_8'365.}
28 ROM Metellus Macedonicus fails to be elected consul, for the second time.
[Liv]:EpOx_52'154<x>;L  ValMax_7.5'4;L  { Metellus was eventually elected consul in the following year.}
29 C.Plautius is brought to trial for his conduct in Spain, and goes into exile.
~Diod_33.2'1.
30 SYR Demetrius' Cretan and Jewish mercenaries massacre the inhabitants of Antioch.
* Read Josephus' account
~1Macc_11'41-53; ~Diod_33.4'1-4; ~[Liv]:Per_52; Joseph:AJ_13'133-142; { CAH_8'365.}
31 GRE ?? The grammarians Apollodorus of Athens and Ptolemaeus "Pindarion" are pupils of Aristarchus.
* Read Suda's account
Suda_A'3407, P'3034.
32 CYP The death of Aristarchus of Samothrace.
Suda_A'3892; { OCD_a.}
33 EGY Ammonius (or Cydas) succeeds Aristarchus as head of the library at Alexandria.
POxy_1241; Suda_A'1641.
34 ++ General comments on the career of the grammarian Ptolemaeus "Epithetes".
Suda_P'3035; { The Suda says that Ptolemy "followed" Aristarchus; but in what sense, is not clear.}

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