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251 B.C. Olympiad 132.2


Consuls: L. Caecilius L.f. Metellus, C. Furius C.f. Pacilus
Athenian archon: Thersilochus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 EGY {6 Choiach -E = January} Document: SelPap_2.412, a letter from Antipater to Pythocles.
2 GRE ++ The long-established tyrants of Sicyon before Nicocles cause many of the leading citizens to go into exile.
Plut:Arat_9'4.
3 PEL {January ?} Nicocles assassinates Paseas and makes himself tyrant of Sicyon.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Arat_3'4-4'1; Paus_2.8'3; { CAH_7.1'243.}
3a GRE {21 Elaphebolion -G = March/April} Document: Syll_466.A, an Athenian decree in honour of Agathaeus.
4 ROM {13 April -R} The triumph of Cotta, over the Carthaginians and Sicilians.
#FastTr_p100.
5 THR ?? Antiochus threatens to go to war against Byzantium, but the dispute is settled without fighting.
~Memn_15'1.
6 PEL Aratus organizes a plot against the tyrant Nicocles.
Plut:Arat_4'1-6'1.
7 {5 Daisios -M = May} Aratus overpowers Nicocles' bodyguard and forces him to leave Sicyon.
* Read Plutarch's account
@  (?) Syll_458; ~Polyb_2.43'3, 4.8'4, 10.22'3; Cic:Off_2'81; Strab_8'382;(6.25)  Plut:Phil_1'4, ~:Arat_6'2-9'3, #53'5, :Mor_804'F; Paus_2.8'3; Suda_Ph'409; { CAH_7.1'244; Errington_p92.}
7a GRE ?? Document: Syll_431, a decree of the Amphictyons in honour of Menalces of Athens.
7b ?? Document: Syll_430, a decree of Delphi in honour of Areus II, king of Sparta.
7c PEL << Leonidas II becomes king of Sparta.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Agis_3'8-9; Paus_3.6'6-7; { OCD_sparta=254; see comment on Syll_430.}
8 ?? A temple and other dedications made by Aristodemus at Megalopolis.
* Read Pausanias' account
Paus_8.32'4, 35'5, 36'5.
9 << Aristodemus the tyrant of Megalopolis is assassinated in a plot organized by Ecdemus and Demophanes.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_10.22'2; Plut:Phil_1'4; { CAH_7.1'247; Green_696.}
10 The Spartans attack Megalopolis, but their siege machines are destroyed in a storm.
* Read Pausanias' account
Paus_8.27'13-14, 36'6; { In Pausanias' garbled account, this precedes the battle at Mantinea. It must have been after the death of Aristodemus.}
11 The Sicyonians recall their exiles.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Arat_9'4-5; Paus_2.8'3.
12 Aratus persuades the Sicyonians to join the Achaean League.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Polyb_2.43'3; Strab_8'382,(6.25)  '385;(7.3)  ~Plut:Arat_9'6-11'2; Paus_2.8'4, 7.7'2; Trog:Prol_26; { CAH_7.1'244; Errington_p92.}
13 ROM Metellus is told by a soothsayer to sacrifice his daughter to ensure a safe crossing to Sicily.
Plut:Mor_309'A-B.
14 SIC Neither side is able to achieve a breakthrough in Sicily.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.39'8-14; +Zonar_8'14.(p437) 
15 PEL A combined army of Arcadians and Achaeans defeats the Spartans at Mantineia.
* Read Pausanias' account
Paus_6.2'4, 8.8'11, 10'5-9, 27'14; { CAH_7.1'247; see also Walbank i,p238.}
16 GRE {Metageitnion -G = Aug./Sept.} Document: Syll_464 & 465, two Athenian decrees concerning Lamian arbitrators, in a dispute with the Boeotians. { Errington_p108?240s.}
17 EGY Document: SelPap_2.391, instructions for a loan of barley.

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