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250 B.C. Olympiad 132.3


Consuls: C. Atilius M.f. Regulus (II), L. Manlius A.f. Vulso (II)
Athenian archon: Polyeuctus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 EGY {? Choiak -E = January} Document: BD_100, a letter from Apollonius to Demetrius about wood for the navy.
1a {21 Elaphebolion -G = March/April} Document: Syll_466.B, a second Athenian decree in honour of Agathaeus.
1b << Document: Syll_468, an Athenian decree in honour of the general Thucritus.
2 ROM The Romans build a new fleet.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.39'15, 41'2-3; { CAH_7.2'559.}
3 PEL << The Egyptian government gives financial support to Aratus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Off_2'81-83; ~Plut:Arat_12'1-14'4; { CAH_7.1'502; Green_697.}
4 << Antigonus attempts to establish friendly relations with Aratus.
~Plut:Arat_15'1-5; { CAH_7.1'246.}
5 SIC Hasdrubal advances from Lilybaeum, to Panormus.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.40'1-2; ~Zonar_8'14.(p437) 
6 {? June} L.Caecilius defeats the Carthaginian army under Hasdrubal at Panormus.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.40'3-41'1; Cic:Rep_1'1;L  Diod_23.21'1; [Liv]:Per_19; Frontin:Str_1.7'1, 2.5'4, 3.17'1; Plut:Mor_305'C; Flor_1.18'27-28; Aelian:Fr_118; ~Eutrop_2.24'1; ~Oros_4.9'14-15;L  ~Zonar_8'14;(p439)  { CAH_7.2'559.}
7 The Carthaginians destroy Selinus.
Diod_24.1'1.
8 GRE ?? Document: Syll_401, an Athenian decree in honour of Heracleitus the son of Asclepiades. { Dated between 258 and 250 B.C. (Burstein_60).}
9 PEL ++ Craterus, governor of Corinth, remains loyal to his half-brother Antigonus.
Plut:Mor_486'A; { CAH_7.1'247; OCD_c?255.}
10 CYR Magas, the king of Cyrene, dies of over-eating.
* Read Athenaeus' account
Athen_12.550'b-c; ~Just_26.3'2; { CAH_7.1'502; OCD_demetrius.}
11 Demetrius the Fair makes himself king of Cyrene.
* Read Justin's account
DiogLaert_4'41; ~Just_26.3'3-5; Trog:Prol_26; [Euseb]:Chron_243; { CAH_7.1'502; OCD_d?255.}
12 PON << The death of Ariobarzanes of Pontus, who is succeeded by his son Mithridates.
Memn_16'1; { OCD_m.}
13 SIC The Romans besiege Lilybaeum by land and sea.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.41'4-42'13; Diod_24.1'1, 14'1; +Oros_4.10'2;L  +Zonar_8'15;(p3)  { CAH_7.2'560.}
14 The Carthaginian commander Himilco foils a plot to betray Lilybaeum.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.43'1-8; +Zonar_8'15.(p3) 
15 Hannibal the son of Hamilcar arrives at Lilybaeum with reinforcements.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.44'1-7; Diod_24.1'1-2; Frontin:Str_3.10'9; +Zonar_8'15;(p5)  { CAH_7.2'560.}
16 The Romans drive back a Carthaginian sally at Lilybaeum.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.45'1-14; Diod_24.1'2-3, 2'1; +Oros_4.10'2.L 
17 Hannibal sails from Lilybaeum to Drepana.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.46'1-3; Diod_24.1'3; +Zonar_8'15.(p5) 
18 Hannibal "the Rhodian" slips through the Roman blockade and sails into Lilybaeum.
+Polyb_1.46'4-47'10.
19 The Carthaginians burn down the Roman siege works at Lilybaeum.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_1.48'1-11; Diod_24.1'3-4; +Zonar_8'15.(p5) 
20 ROM {7 Sept. -R} L.Caecilius celebrates a triumph, in which he displays elephants captured in Sicily.
* Read Fasti's account
#FastTr_p100; [Liv]:Per_19; Plin:HN_7'139,L  8'16-17,L  18'17;L  ~Eutrop_2.24'1.
21 AFR The Carthaginians send M.Regulus to Rome to negotiate peace terms and an exchange of prisoners.
* Read Dio's account
[Liv]:Per_18; Silius_6'346-382;L  Appian:Sic_2,(↓↓)  :Pun_4; Justin:Dig_49.15.5'3<q" Pomponius>; Polyaen_8.12'1; DioCass_fr.43'26-27; [Vict]:VirIll_40'4;L  ~Eutrop_2.24'2; August:DeCiv_1'15; ~Oros_4.10'1;L  ~Zonar_8'15;(p441)  { Modern writers doubt that this is historical, but ancient writers place it after the battle at Panormus.}
22 ROM Regulus addresses the Roman senate and urges them to reject the Carthaginians' proposals.
* Read Eutropius' account
Cic:Off_3'99-100; Hor:Od_3.5'13-56; Silius_6'383-489;L  Flor_1.18'24; Appian:Sic_2,(↓↓)  :Pun_4; Polyaen_8.12'1; Gell_7.4'1; DioCass_fr.43'27, '30-32a, '32d-32e; ~Eutrop_2.25'1-2; August:DeCiv_1'15; Suda_R'126; ~Zonar_8'15.(p441-7) 
23 Regulus returns to Carthage after the failure of his mission to Rome.
* Read Eutropius' account
Cic:Sest_127, :Fin_2'65, :Off_1'39, 3'100-111; [Liv]:Per_18; ValMax_1.1'14;L  Silius_6'490-528;L  Appian:Pun_4, 63; Polyaen_8.12'1; Ampel_20'8;L  [Vict]:VirIll_40'4;L  ~Eutrop_2.25'2-3; August:DeCiv_1'15, '24, 5'18;(↓↓)  ~Oros_4.10'1;L  ~Zonar_8'15.(p447) 
24 AEG ?? Aristarchus of Samos invents a kind of sun-dial, in the shape of a hemisphere.
Vitr_9.8'1.
25 ?? The theories of Aristarchus about the movement of the earth and the planets.
* Read Vitruvius' account
Vitr_9.2'3-4; Plut:Mor_1006'C; { ~CAH_7.1'497; ~OCD_a..}
26 ?? Cleanthes accuses Aristarchus of impiety, because of his heliocentric theories.
Plut:Mor_923'A.
27 MAC ?? The death of the historian Hieronymus of Cardia, at the age of 104.
Lucian:Macr_22<q" Agatharch>; Phlegon:Macr_2'81; { ~OCD_h.}

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