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225 B.C. Olympiad 138.4


Consuls: L. Aemilius Q.f. Papus, C. Atilius M.f. Regulus
Athenian archon: Ergochares
Achaean General: Timoxenus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 PEL << The Achaeans negotiate with Cleomenes, and offer him the leadership of the Achaean League.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Cleom_15'2-4, ~:Arat_39'1; { CAH_7.1'463.}
2 Aratus causes the breakdown of the negotiations between the Achaeans and Cleomenes.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Cleom_16'1-17'4, ~:Arat_39'2-3; { CAH_7.1'508; Green_258.}
3 CIS << The Veneti and Cenomani are persuaded by a Roman embassy to support the Romans against the other Gauls.
+Polyb_2.23'1-3; { CAH_7.1'110.}
4 The Gauls invade Italy, and the Romans compile a list of almost 800,000 citizens and allies capable of bearing arms against the Gauls.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_2.23'4-24'17; Diod_2.5'7; [Liv]:Per_20; Plin:HN_3'138;L  Plut:Marc_3'3-5; Appian:Ill_8; +Eutrop_3.5'1; +Oros_4.13'5-7;L  { CAH_7.2'433-435.}
5 PEL Timoxenus is elected general of the Achaean League.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Cleom_15'1, :Arat_38'2-4; { CAH_7.1'463.}
8 ETR The Gauls advance as far as Clusium, and then turn to face the Roman armies.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_2.25'1-4; DioCass_fr.50'2-3; ~Zonar_8'20.(p41) 
9 The Gauls defeat a Roman army at Arretium.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_2.25'5-11; Diod_25.13'1; +Oros_4.13'8-9;L  ~Zonar_8'20;(p43)  { CAH_7.2'434.}
10 Aemilius arrives in Etruria and takes command of the Roman army.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_2.26'1-8; ~Zonar_8'20.(p45) 
11 PEL Argos deserts the Achaeans and join Cleomenes, along with Caphyae, Pellene, Pheneus, Phlius, Cleonae, Epidaurus, Hermione, and Troezen.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Polyb_2.52'1-2, 60'6; ~Plut:Cleom_17'5-18'4, :Arat_39'4-5; { CAH_7.1'464-465; Errington_p99.}
12 SAR Another revolt in Sardinia is suppressed by the Romans.
~Zonar_8'19;(p41)  { CAH_7.2'672.}
13 ETR The consuls defeat and destroy the army of Gauls at Telamon, although Atilius is killed in the battle.
* Read Polybius' account
Ennius:Ann_253-254; +Polyb_2.27'1-31'3; Diod_25.13'1; [Liv]:Per_20; Flor_1.20'1-3; Appian:Gall_1'4;(Epit.2)  +Eutrop_3.5'1; !Hieron:Chron_1788; +Oros_4.13'10;L  ~Zonar_8'20;(p45)  { CAH_7.2'434; OCD_t.}
14 CIS Aemilius invades the territory of the Boii.
* Read Polybius' account
+Polyb_2.31'4; Diod_25.13'1; ~Zonar_8'20;(p45)  { CAH_7.2'435.}
15 PEL The inhabitants of Corinth transfer their allegiance to Cleomenes.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_2.52'2-3; ~Plut:Cleom_19'1-8, :Arat_40'1-7; { CAH_7.1'508; Errington_p100.}
16 GRE ?? Nicostratus, an Aetolian, breaks the solemn truce at the Pamboeotian congress.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_4.3'5, 25'2, 9.34'11; { Polybius does not give a date for this incident; see Walbank, 1.p452.}
17 ?? Document: Syll_451, a decree of Delphi in honour of Eratoxenus of Athens, an epic poet.
17a ?? Document: Syll_509, a list of victors at the Delphian Soteria.
18 ?? Document: Inscr_115, decrees of the Amphictyons concerning a festival at Thebes.
18a PEL ?? Document: Syll_510, a decree of Tegea in honour of Aristomachus of Argos.
19 The Achaeans, led by Aratus, appeal to Antigonus for help against Cleomenes.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_2.51'4-7; ~Plut:Cleom_19'9; Paus_2.9'2; { CAH_7.1'465; Errington_p100.}

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