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194 B.C. Olympiad 146.3


Consuls: P. Cornelius P.f. Scipio Africanus (II), Ti. Sempronius Ti.f. Longus
Athenian archon: Archippus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 IT+ The Romans send colonists to Puteoli, Volturnum, Liternum, Salernum, Buxentum, Sipontum, Tempsa, and Croton.
* Read Livy's account
CIL_1.698; +Liv_34.45'1-8; Strab_5'251;(4.13)  !Hieron:Chron_1826; { CAH_8'207; OCD_p.}
2 PEL Flamininus addresses the Greeks at a congress at Corinth, and announces the withdrawal of the Roman forces.
* Read Livy's account
Diod_28.13'1; +Liv_34.48'2-50'9; Plut:Flam_13'4-8; ~Zonar_9'18;(p303)  { CAH_8'277; OCD_f.}
3 BAE Cato fails to bring the Turdetani and their Celtiberian allies to battle.
* Read Livy's account
~Liv_34.19'1-10; Frontin:Str_4.7'35; Plut:CatMai_10'1-2, :Mor_199'C; Zonar_9'17;(p299)  { CAH_8'124.}
4 CRE ?? The poet Rhianus receives a belated education after being the warden of a wrestling-school.
Suda_R'158; { Rhianus is said to have been a contemporary of Eratosthenes.}
5 EGY ?? Eratosthenes measures the circumference of the earth.
* Read Vitruvius' account
Vitr_1.6'9; Strab_2'132;(5.34)  Plin:HN_2'247;L  Censor:DN_13'2; { Eratosthenes' method is described by Cleomedes ( 1.7'49B ).}
6 ?? Eratosthenes designs an instrument to solve a mathematical problem concerning the size of Apollo's altar at Delos.
Vitr_9.pr'13-14.
7 ++ General comments on the character and learning of Eratosthenes.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_1'15;(2.2)  Suet:Gram_10; ClemAl:Strom_1'16;(↓)  Suda_E'2898.
8 << The death of Eratosthenes.
* Read Suda's account
AnthPal_7.78; Lucian:Macr_27; Censor:DN_15'2; ~Suda_E'2898; { OCD_e; Green_706=196.}
9 << Aristophanes is appointed to be head of the library at Alexandria.
* Read Vitruvius' account
Vitr_7.pr'4-7; POxy_1241; Suda_A'3936; { OCD_a.}
10 SPA Cato subdues the Lacetani and Bergistani.
* Read Livy's account
~Liv_34.16'8-10; Frontin:Str_3.10'1; { CAH_8'124.}
11 CIS Sempronius fights an indecisive battle against the Boii.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_34.46'4-48'1; +Oros_4.20'15.L 
12 THR Antiochus protects Byzantium against the Thracians.
Appian:Syr_6; { CAH_8'124.}
13 SPA << Stratagems employed by Cato in Spain.
* Read Frontinus' account
Frontin:Str_1.2'5, 3.1'2.
14 ++ General comments on the conquests, and frugal lifestyle, of Cato in Spain.
* Read Plutarch's account
Liv_42.34'6-7; ValMax_4.3'11;L  Frontin:Str_4.3'1; Plut:CatMai_10'4-6, :Mor_199'D; Flor_1.33'8-9; Hieron:Chron_1821.
15 ROM Cato returns from Spain, and celebrates a triumph.
* Read Plutarch's account
Nepos:Cat_2'1-2; +Liv_34.46'1-3; +FastTr_p102; Sen:Ep_87'10; Plin:HN_14'91;L  Plut:CatMai_5'7, 11'1-4.
16 MAC << Document: BD_34 (Syll_593), a letter from Flamininus to the town of Chyretiae.
16a GRE Document: Syll_598, decrees of the Amphictyons and Aetolians in honour of Sosicles of Magnesia.
17 PEL ++ The upright conduct of Flamininus in Greece.
Plut:Sull_12'9-11.
18 ROM Flamininus celebrates a triumph for his victories over Philippus and Nabis.
* Read Livy's account
Cic:Verr_2.4'129; +Liv_34.50'10-52'12; +FastTr_p102; ValMax_5.2'6;L  Plut:Flam_13'9-14'2; Just_31.3'2; [Euseb]:Chron_243;(↓)  Eutrop_4.2'2; Oros_4.20'2-3;L  { CAH_8'278; Green_418.}
19 == Scipio opens up the public treasury after the quaestors refuse to do so for legal reasons.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_23.14'5-6; Diod_29.21'1; Liv_38.55'13; ValMax_3.7'1;L  Plut:Mor_196'F; { See Walbank, p.244.}
20 == Temples are dedicated to Juno Matuta, Faunus, Fortuna Primigenia, and Jupiter.
+Liv_34.53'3-7.

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