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191 B.C. Olympiad 147.2


Consuls: M'. Acilius C.f. Glabrio, P. Cornelius Cn.f. Scipio Nasica
Achaean General: Philopoemen (VI)

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM << Acilius passes a law, which according to Fulvius is the first law to govern the intercalation of months at Rome.
Macrob:Sat_1.13'21;L  {OCD_a.}
2 {3 May -R = ?January} Acilius leaves Rome.
+Liv_36.3'13-4'9.
3 ITA {15 May -R = ?January} Acilius crosses over to Greece from Brundisium.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_39.3'8; +Liv_36.3'13, 14'1; +Appian:Syr_17'a; {CAH_8'283; Green_707.}
4 MAC Antiochus captures many Thessalian cities, but fails to captures Larissa.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_36.8'3-10'14, 13'1, 39.28'6-7; ~Appian:Syr_16'a-b.
5 GRE Antiochus marries the daughter of Cleoptolemus in his winter quarters at Chalcis.
* Read Athenaeus' account
Athen_10.439'e-f<q" Polyb_20.8'1-5>; Diod_29.2'1; +Liv_36.11'1-4; Plut:Phil_17'1, :Flam_16'1; Flor_1.24'9; ~Appian:Syr_16'b-c; DioCass_fr.62'1; Just_31.6'3; ~Zonar_9.19'd; {CAH_8'284.}
6 Antiochus occupies most of Acarnania.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_36.11'5-12'11; ~Appian:Syr_16'c.
7 MAC Philippus and the Romans capture numerous towns in Thessaly.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_36.13'1-14'13, 32'1, 38.1'2, 39.28'7; +Appian:Syr_17'a; +Zonar_9.19'e; {CAH_8'284.}
8 GRE Antiochus captures the son of Scipio Africanus.
* Read Livy's account
Polyb_21.15'3; Diod_29.8'1; Liv_37.34'5; ValMax_3.5'1;L  Plin:HN_5'22;L  Appian:Syr_29'b; DioCass_fr.62'2; Just_31.7'4; [Vict]:VirIll_54'3;L  Oros_4.20'22;L  {Polybius dated this to early in the war against Antiochus, but others dated it to 190 B.C. - see Walbank, p107.}
9 MAC Antiochus occupies and fortifies the pass at Thermopylae.
* Read Livy's account
Diod_29.3'1; +Liv_36.15'1-16'1; Flor_1.24'10; +Appian:Syr_17'b-18'a; [Vict]:VirIll_54'2;L  +Oros_4.20'20;L  +Zonar_9.19'f.
10 {? April} The Romans defeat Antiochus at Thermopylae.
* Read Livy's account
Cic:Sen_32; +Liv_36.17'1-19'12; ValMax_2.5'1;L  Frontin:Str_2.4'4; Plut:CatMai_13'1-14'2; Flor_1.24'11; Phlegon:Mir_3'1; +Appian:Syr_18'a-20'a; Just_31.6'5; [Vict]:VirIll_47'3;L  +Eutrop_4.3'2; +Oros_4.20'20-21;L  +Zonar_9.19'g-h; {CAH_8'284; OCD_acilius.}
11 {? April} Buplagus, a soldier of Antiochus who was killed at Thermopylae, comes back to life and foretells the Romans' success in Asia.
@  Phlegon:Mir_3'2-14.
12 ASI {? April} Antiochus returns to Ephesus.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_36.20'1-21'3; Plut:Flam_15'5, 16'1-7; Phlegon:Mir_3'1; +Appian:Syr_20'a; Just_31.6'6; +Oros_4.20'20;L  +Zonar_9.19'h; {CAH_8'530.}
13 MAC Cato returns to Rome.
* Read Livy's account
Cic:Mur_32; +Liv_36.21'4-9; Frontin:Str_2.7'14; Plut:CatMai_14'3-4; Phlegon:Mir_3'1; +Appian:Syr_20'a-b.
14 MAC Acilius captures Heracleia.
* Read Livy's account
Sherk_17'10;B  +Liv_36.22'1-25'8, 39.23'8-9; Plut:Flam_15'6; Phlegon:Mir_3'1; ~Appian:Syr_21'a; Trog:Prol_31; +Zonar_9.19'h-i.
15 GRE The Aetolians reject peace terms.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_20.9'1-11'10; +Liv_36.26'1-30'6, 43'1; Appian:Syr_21'a-b; +Zonar_9.19'j.
16 CIS Scipio Nasica decisively defeats the Boii.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_36.37'1-38'7; Strab_5.213'a;(1.6)  Joseph:AJ_12'414; +Oros_4.20'21;L  +Zonar_9.19'e; {CAH_8'113; OCD_s.}
17 EGY ?? The historian Hegesianax improves his voice by abstaining from eating figs.
@  Athen_3.80'd; {This Hegesianax probably acted as an envoy from Antiochus to the Romans in 193 B.C. - see eg. Liv.34.57'6.}
18 PAL ?? Joseph the Tobiad retires from tax-collecting in Judaea and Phoenicia.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:AJ_12'186, '224; {Joseph retired after he had been tax-collector for 22 years, and died in about 187 B.C.}
19 PAL << Floruit of Jesus son of Sirach, author of "Ecclesiasticus".
* Read ChroniconPaschale's account
ChronPasc_432'A, 464'B; +Hieron:Chron_1785; GeorgMon_p292'c; {Green_707.}
20 ?? Onias III becomes Jewish high priest.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:AJ_12'225; ChronPasc_433'B, 464'B, 509'A; +Hieron:Chron_1785; ExcBarb_35B, 36A; ChronSynt_95'c; GeorgMon_p436'b; {There is much divergence amongst Christian writers in the number of years allocated to Simon II and Onias III.}
21 PEL Flamininus forces Diophanes, the general of the Achaean League, to abandon the siege of Messene.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_36.31'1-32'9; Plut:Phil_16'1-3, :Flam_17'1-4, 24'2, :Mor_197'B; Paus_8.30'5.
22 GRE The Aetolians agree to a truce.
* Read Livy's account
Polyb_22.6'3; +Liv_36.33'1-35'6, 39.23'10-12, 25'10; Plut:Flam_15'6-9; DioCass_fr.62'1a; +Zonar_9.19'j; {Green_420.}
23 PEL Aristaenus urges the Achaean League to follow the Romans' advice and restore the Spartan exiles, but Philopoemen refuses to allow it.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_36.35'7-10; Plut:Phil_17'2-6; Paus_8.51'4.
24 ROM {16 December -R = ? August} M.Fulvius is granted an ovation for his victories in Spain.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_36.21'10-11; #FastTr_p102.
25 The triumph of Scipio, over the Boii.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_36.39'1-40'14; +FastTr_p103.
26 L.Scipio, the brother of Africanus, is elected consul.
* Read Justin's account
+Liv_36.45'9; Just_31.6'10-7'2.
27 AEG {? Sept.} The Romans and Eumenes defeat the fleet of Antiochus at Corycus.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_36.41'1-7, 43'1-45'8; ~Appian:Syr_21'b-c, 22'a-c; Just_31.6'6-9; {CAH_8'285; Green_707.}
28 ROM ++ Demetrius makes a good impression while staying as a hostage at Rome.
* Read Livy's account
Liv_39.35'3; Just_32.2'4.
29 The Romans release Demetrius the son of Philippus V.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_21.3'1-4; +Liv_36.35'11-14, 37.25'12; Plut:Flam_14'3; Appian:Mac_9'5,(14)  +:Syr_20'b; +Eutrop_4.3'1; +Zonar_9.19'g; {OCD_p<190>.}
30 ?? The mother of Manilius, the consul for 149 B.C., dies in childbirth.
Plin:HN_7'47.L 
31 {March -R = ? November} The new consuls enter office, and the senate refuses to agree peace terms with an Aetolian embassy.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_21.1'1-2'6; Diod_29.4'1; +Liv_37.1'1-6.
32 L.Scipio is allotted the province of Greece, after Scipio Africanus agrees to serve as his legate against Antiochus.
* Read Livy's account
Cic:Mur_32, :Phil_11'17; +Liv_37.1'7-2'12, 3'8-11, 38.51'3; ValMax_5.5'1;L  Just_31.7'2; Porph:Fr_47; SHA:Gord_9'6; ~Eutrop_4.4'1; {CAH_8'285.}
33 MAC Eunomus retains his position as leader of the Thessalians for another year.
~[Euseb]:Chron_243'd, 247'a.
34 ROM The consuls deal with various omens before leaving for their provinces.
* Read Livy's account
~Liv_37.3'1-7; ~Obseq_1.

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