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68 B.C. Olympiad 178.1


Consuls: L. Caecilius C.f. Metellus, Q. Marcius Q.f. Rex
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Diocles Hypepenus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ARM << The Romans capture Pinaca.
Strab_16'747.(1.24) 
2 SYR << Tigranes loses control of Syria.
* Read Justin's account
Strab_10'532,(14.15)  14'669;(5.2)  ~Appian:Syr_70; ~Just_40.1'4, 2'2-3; Trog:Prol_40; { CAH_9'259.}
3 ROM The consul Metellus dies soon after taking office; his successor also dies, so Marcius is left as sole consul.
+DioCass_36.4'1; { CAH_9'792.}
4 ARM Tigranes and Mithridates raise another army.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:Mith_87; +DioCass_36.1'1.
5 PER Mithridates writes to Arsaces of Parthia, asking for his assistance against the Romans, but Arsaces decides to remain neutral.
* Read Sallust's account
Sall:Hist_4.67'1-23; Memn_38'8; ~Plut:Luc_30'1; ~Appian:Mith_87; +DioCass_36.1'1-2, 3'1-3; { CAH_9'241-242.}
6 ROM L.Quinctius proposes that the command against Mithridates should be taken away from Lucullus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'68;L  Plut:Luc_33'5-6; +DioCass_36.2'1-2; { CAH_9'331.}
7 PON Lucullus' garrisons in Pontus start to mutiny.
~Plut:Luc_30'2-5.
8 PEL {July ?} Straton of Alexandria wins both the wrestling and the pancration contests at the Olympic games.
* Read Aelian's account
+Paus_5.21'9; Aelian:VH_4'15; +[Euseb]:Chron_211.(↓) 
9 CRE Metellus captures Cydonia and Cnossus.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_99; Flor_1.42'4; Appian:Sic_6'5;(9)  { CAH_9'331.}
10 ARM Lucullus marches towards Artaxata, and beats off an attack by Mithridates and Tigranes near the river Arsanias.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'72-73;L  ~Plut:Luc_31'1-9; ~Appian:Mith_87; +DioCass_36.4'2-6'1; { CAH_9'242.}
11 {September} Lucullus' army refuses to march further into Armenia, amidst rumours that he is planning to invade Parthia.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:LegMan_23-24; ~Plut:Luc_32'1-4; { CAH_9'242; at the time of the autumn equinox.}
12 ++ During Lucullus' invasion of Armenia, Roman armies penetrate further east than ever before.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Sest_58; Julian:Caes_322'D; Festus:Brev_14'1, 15'3; AmmMarc_23.5'16.
13 MES Lucullus withdraws to Nisibis, which he starts to besiege.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_4'76;L  ~Plut:Luc_32'4-5; +DioCass_36.6'1-3, 8'1.
14 LUS << Caesar serves as quaestor in further Spain; his ambition is stirred by seeing a statue of Alexander.
* Read Suetonius' account
[Caes]:BHisp_42'1; Vell_2.43'4; Plut:Caes_5'6, 11'5, :Mor_206'B; Suet:Caes_7'1-2; DioCass_37.52'2, 41.24'2; Julian:Caes_322'C; { OCD_c; MRR_2'93.}
15 ROM C.Piso openly bribes voters in order to be elected as consul.
* Read Dio's account
Sall:Hist_4'78;L  DioCass_36.38'3; { CAH_9'331-332.}
16 PON Mithridates re-enters Pontus and wins support against the Romans.
* Read Dio's account
Cic:LegMan_24-25; Sall:Hist_5'2-3;L  Memn_38'1; Plut:Luc_34'6; Appian:Mith_88; +DioCass_36.9'1-2; Eutrop_6.9'2; { CAH_9'243; OCD_m.}
17 Mithridates defeats M.Fabius.
* Read Dio's account
Sall:Hist_5'5-6;L  Plut:Luc_35'1; Appian:Mith_88; +DioCass_36.9'2-5; { CAH_9'243.}
18 ARM Tigranes attacks L.Fannius.
+DioCass_36.8'1-2.
19 ROM {November -R} Document: Cic:Att_1.5 & 1.6, the two earliest surviving letters of Cicero to Atticus.
20 M.Cato is the only candidate to obey the canvassing laws, when elected to be tribunus militum.
~Plut:CatMin_8'4-5.
21 CIS C.Caesar incites unrest in the towns of northern Italy.
~Suet:Caes_8'1; { OCD_c; after his return from Spain.}
22 MES Lucullus captures Nisibis.
* Read Dio's account
~Plut:Luc_32'5-6, 36'6, 46'1; +DioCass_36.7'1-8'1, 14'3; Festus:Brev_14'1, 15'3; Eutrop_6.9'1-2; Hieron:Chron_1944; AmmMarc_25.9'8; Oros_6.3'7;L  { CAH_9'242; OCD_n.}
23 PON Triarius defeats Mithridates at Comana.
+DioCass_36.10'1-11'1.
24 ROM ?? Metellus Nepos and Curio agree to drop legal proceedings, after threatening to prosecute each other.
Ascon_63-64;L  { When Metellus was still young - before he served under Pompeius in 67-64 B.C.}
25 == Hortensius fails to sustain his pre-eminence as an orator after his consulship.
Cic:Brut_320.
26 MES ++ The philosopher Antiochus accompanies Lucullus during his eastern campaigns.
* Read Aelian's account
Cic:Acad_2'4,L  '10,L  '61,L  '63,L  '132-133,L  '137;L  Aelian:VH_12'25; { OCD_a; Green_609.}
27 PAL == The birth of Joseph, the grandfather of the historian Josephus.
~Joseph:Vit_5; { In the 9th year of the reign of Alexandra.}

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