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Translations of Hellenistic Inscriptions: 193


ACCOUNTS OF BUILDING WORK AT EPIDAUROS

Greek text:   IG_4.1.114,   SEG_41.298,   IG_4.1.110.B
Provenance:     Epidauros
Date:   c. 300 B.C.
Tags:     accounts,   buildings
Format:   see key to translations

The accounts of the building work carried out at Epidauros in the fourth century B.C. provide valuable information about how ancient Greek cities managed new building projects. The standard account in English is by A. Burford, "The Greek Temple Builders at Epidauros" (Liverpool, 1969). This additional inscription, which had been broken into three parts, was published in 2016 by Ch. Kritzas & S. Prignitz, "A Building Inscription from Epidauros. IG IV² 1, 114, SEG XLI 298, IG IV² 1, 110" ( academia.edu ).

The work described in the inscription was probably related to a large building at Epidauros, which was previously identified by archaeologists as a gymnasium, but is now thought to have been a banqueting hall.


[A]   [To the overseers {epistatai} of . . ., {names of 4 overseers and and a secretary are missing}]: Under the priest Aristolas, in the month . . . , under council president . . . from the deme Mysias, INCOME: from the hieromnamones to whom . . . 10 serves as scribe, [540 drachmas?] . . . [punishment fee or donation?] . . .

Other item. Under the priest Aristolas, in the month Posidaios, under council presidents ...teles and ...don from the deme E..., INCOME: from 20 the hieromnamones to whom . . .des serves as scribe, 60 drachmas, other item: from the entrepreneur Ophelion a punishment fee {or a donation} in providing the couches {klinai}: 500 drachmas.

Other item. Under the the priest Aristolas, in the month Kyklios, under council presidents Mnason and ...tos from the deme Lasieis, INCOME: from the hieromnamones 30 to whom Lagoras serves as scribe, 642 drachmas, 4 obols.

[NEW YEAR] Other item. Under the priest Damophilos, in the month Praratios, under council president ...es from the deme Politas, Income: from the hieromnamones to whom Damophon serves as scribe, 497 drachmas.

Other item. Under the priest Damophilos, in the month 40 Hermaios, under council president Arkesilaos from the deme Koleis, INCOME: from the hieromnamones to whom Damophon serves as scribe, 474 drachmas, 4½ obols.

Other item. Under the priest Damophilos, in the month Gamos, under council presidents Aristophantos, Xenokritos, 50 Phylakidas from the deme Alamais, income: from the hieromnamones to whom Damophon serves as scribe, 243 drachmas, total sum of INCOME: 2957 drachmas, 2½ obols.

EXPENSE: We gave to the entrepreneur Ophelion for the couches in the inn {kleisia}, for fifty couches, while he took on each couch 60 for twelve drachmas, that is without the tenth: 540 drachmas.

Other item. We gave to the entrepreneur Ophelion the tenth of the couches in the inn, since he exhibited his completed job to the council, 60 drachmas.

Other item. We gave to Go... 70 for the poros stone blocks   [B] in {or at} . . ., for lifting them out of the sea, for ninety nine poros stone blocks, while he took on each poros stone block for five drachmas, that is: 495 drachmas, and to Phalakros for transporting the crab-shaped pincers {karkinos} to Sicyon and 80 from Sicyon: 5 drachmas, 1 obol, and for thirty pieces of timber for the raft {schedia} to Diokles, who had sold each piece of timber for four drachmas and three and a half obols, that is: 137 drachmas, 3 obols, and to Aristodamos for lifting six poros stone blocks out of 90 the sea, while he took on each poros stone block for five obols, that is: 5 drachmas. Sum: 642 drachmas, 4 obols.

Other item. We gave to the entrepreneur Lakon for the transport of the poros stone blocks from Corinth across the sea, the first instalment, while he took on a four-feet block for 100 nine drachmas, for sixty four-feet blocks, that is without the tenth: 497 drachmas.

Other item. We gave to the entrepreneur Lakon the second instalment of the transport of the poros stone blocks from Corinth across the sea, one hundred four-feet blocks, 110 while he took on a four-feet block [for nine drachmas, that is without the tenth: 810 drachmas, to . . . for . . . [C] . . . the tenth], that is: 2.. drachmas, and to the entrepreneur Glaukias for transport of pieces of timber from Corinth, 120 thirty round shaped beams of timber that have been bought for the lifting of the poros stone blocks, while he took on each piece of timber for three obols, half an obol, that is: 17 drachmas, 3 obols, for a book to write down the accounts: one drachma.

Other item: We gave to the entrepreneur Lakon for the transport of the 130 poros stone blocks from Corinth across the sea, the third instalment, while he took on a four-feet block for nine drachmas, for thirty four-feet blocks, that is without the tenth: 243 drachmas.

Under priest Damophilos, in the month 140 Posidaios, under council presidents Agemachos and Laphilos from the deme Piërias, INCOME: from the hieromnamones to whom Damophon serves as scribe, 21 drachmas, 4 obols.

EXPENSE: We gave to the entrepreneur Stasimenes for inscribing two thousand six hundred letters, while he took on 150 a hundred letters for five obols, that is: 21 drachmas, 4 obols.

Total sum: 2979 drachmas, ½ obol.

inscription 194


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