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320 B.C. Olympiad 115.1


Consuls: L. Papirius Sp.f. Cursor (II), Q. Publilius Q.f. Philo (III)
Athenian archon: Neaechmus
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Damasias of Amphipolis

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 << Demades urges Perdiccas to cross over into Europe to attack Antipater.
* Read Diodorus' account
Diod_18.48'2; !Plut:Phoc_30'9, :Dem_31'3; Arrian:Fr_9'14.
2 CAP Perdiccas consults with his advisers, and decides to attack Ptolemy in Egypt.
* Read Justin's account
Nepos_18.3'1-2; ~Diod_18.25'6; Plut:Eum_5'1-3; Just_13.6'10-17; Arrian:Fr_9'26; Oros_3.23'19;L  { Hölbl_p15.}
3 ROM New consuls are elected and take office the same day, when the senate debates the Caudine treaty.
* Read Livy's account
Cic:Off_3'109; +Liv_9.7'14-10'5; Ampel_20'10;L  DioCass_fr.36'17-18, 45.32'4; [Vict]:VirIll_30'4;L  Eutrop_2.9'1, 10.17'2; Zonar_7'26.(p265) 
4 ITA The Romans attempt to hand over Postumius and others responsible for the treaty to the Samnites, but the Samnites refuse to accept them.
* Read Livy's account
Cic:Off_3'109; +Liv_9.10'6-12'4; ValMax_6.1'9;L  Flor_1.11'11; Ampel_20'10;L  Gell_17.21'36; DioCass_fr.36'19-21; Eutrop_2.9'1; Oros_3.15'8;L  Zonar_7'26.(p269) 
5 ASI Antigonus crosses over to Asia, and attacks Eumenes and Cleopatra at Sardis.
MarmPar_B'11; ~Arrian:Fr_9'26, ~10'7-10; { Anson_x.}
6 MES Perdiccas settles affairs in Babylonia and Cyprus, before advancing to Egypt.
@  (?) OGIS_4'14-16; Arrian:Fr_10'1-6.
7 ASI Neoptolemus deserts to Antipater and attacks Eumenes, but is defeated.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_18.29'1-6; Plut:Eum_5'1-8; Just_13.8'1-5; ~Arrian:Fr_9'26-27; Oros_3.23'20-21.L 
8 PAL ?? Perdiccas builds a new city at Samaria.
Hieron:Chron_1721.
9 EGY Ptolemy fights off an attack by Perdiccas on the "Fort of the Camels".
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_18.33'1-34'5, 19.93'5; ~Arrian:Fr_9'28; !Hieron:Chron_1694.
10 ASI Craterus joins Neoptolemus in another attack on Eumenes, but they are defeated and are both killed.
* Read Plutarch's account
+MarmPar_B'11; Nepos_18.3'1-4'4; +Diod_18.29'6-32'4, 37'1, 19.59'3; Trog:Prol_13; Plut:Eum_6'1-8'1, 10'7, :Mor_506'D; Just_13.8'5-9; Arrian:Fr_9'27, _177b, _181; Oros_3.23'21-22;L  Suda_K'2335; { Errington_p19; Hölbl_p16; Anson_x.}
11 MAC The Aetolians invade Thessaly, but are forced out by Polyperchon.
+Diod_18.38'1-6.
12 EGY Perdiccas' army suffer heavy casualties while trying to cross the Nile near Memphis.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_18.34'6-36'1; Frontin:Str_4.7'20; Polyaen_4.19'1; Lucian:Hipp_2; (?) Aelian:VH_12'64; Oros_3.23'3.L 
13 Perdiccas is murdered by his own officers.
* Read Diodorus' account
+MarmPar_B'11; +Diod_18.36'2-5; Nepos_18.5'1; Strab_17'794;(1.8)  Plut:Eum_8'2-3; Memn_4'3; Paus_1.6'3; Just_13.5'10, 14.4'11; Arrian:Anab_7.18'5, ~:Fr_9'28, _180; FGrH_155.1'3; { Errington_p20; Hölbl_p15; Anson_x.}
14 Pithon and Arrhidaeus are appointed interim leaders after the death of Perdiccas, and Eumenes is declared a public enemy.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_18.36'6-7, 37'2, 59'4; Nepos_18.5'1; Plut:Eum_8'3; Just_13.5'10; ~Arrian:Fr_9'29-31, 11'39; FGrH_155.4'1; Oros_3.23'23.L 
15 PHO Attalus, the brother-in-law of Perdiccas, takes his fleet to Tyre, but is defeated in an attack on Rhodes.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_18.37'2-4; Arrian:Fr_11'39.
16 PEL ?? Satyrus of Elis wins two Olympic victories for boxing.
Paus_6.4'5; { A statue of Satyrus was attributed to Silanion, who was active in the 320's (OCD_silanion).}
17 ITA The Samnites capture Fregellae.
+Liv_9.12'5-8; { CAH_7.2'372.}
18 SIC Acestorides expels Agathocles from Syracuse.
~Diod_19.5'1-3; { ~CAH_7.1'387; Green_684.}
19 ITA Publilius defeats the Samnites.
+Liv_9.12'9-13.
20 Papirius (acting as either consul or magister equitum) captures Luceria and forces the Samnite defenders to pass under a yoke.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_9.13'6-15'9, 22.14'12, 25.6'12; FGrH_255'10; +FastCap_p46; Flor_1.11'11; Ampel_18'7;L  DioCass_fr.36'22; Eutrop_2.9'1; Oros_3.15'9-10;L  Zonar_7'26;(p269)  { CAH_7.2'661.}
21 << C.Pontius asks for a six hours' truce.
Gell_1.25'6<q" Quadrigar>.
22 ROM T.Manlius Torquatus is appointed dictator, to hold the elections for new consuls.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_9.15'11; +FastCap_p46.
23 SYR Macedonian leaders meet at Triparadeisus; Antipater is appointed to be the new regent, and new satraps are appointed.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_18.39'1-6, 19.55'3, 91'2; Plut:Eum_8'4; Appian:Mith_8; Polyaen_4.6'4; Ampel_31'1;L  ~Arrian:Fr_9'32-38; FGrH_155.1'4, _255'10; Liban:Or_11'79;B  { Errington_p20; Hölbl_p16; Anson_x.}
24 Antigonus is appointed to lead the war against Eumenes.
* Read Diodorus' account
+MarmPar_B'11; +Diod_18.39'7; Appian:Syr_53; Just_13.8'10, 16.1'13; ~Arrian:Fr_9'38.
25 GRE {11 Boedromion -G = Sept./Oct.} Document: Syll_313, an Athenian decree concerning improvements to the agora at Peiraeus.
26 AEG << Document: Syll_312 & IG_12.6.1.42, two decrees of the Samians after their return from exile.
27 ASI << Document: SEG_35.1080, a decree of Amyzon appointing Bagadates to be temple warden.
27a << Document: Inscr_118, a decree of Pidasa honouring men appointed by the satrap Asander.
28 CYR Ptolemy visits Cyrene, and brings the city under his control.
+MarmPar_B'11; { CAH_7.1'36=321; Hölbl_p15.}
29 Document: Austin_29,B  the announcement of a new constitution for Cyrene.
30 ASI Eumenes is advised by Cleopatra to leave Sardis, and retires to Celaenae for the winter.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Eum_8'5-12; ~Arrian:Fr_11'40-41, _182; { Anson_x.}
31 Asander the general of Antipater is defeated by Alcetas.
~Arrian:Fr_11'42; { Anson_x.}
32 Antipater hands over his forces in Asia to Antigonus, and returns to Macedonia with the royal family.
* Read Diodorus' account
Diod_18.39'7; Strab_17'794;(1.8)  ~Arrian:Fr_11'43-45; FGrH_155.2'2; { Errington_p21.}
33 ASI?? General comments on the life and writings of Anaximenes of Lampsacus, and of his pupil Timolaus.
* Read Suda's account
Paus_6.18'5-6; Suda_A'1989, T'626; { OCD_a.}
34 PEL ++ General remarks on the art and life of the painter Pausias of Sicyon.
Plin:HN_35'123-127;L  { ~OCD_p..}
35 GRE ?? A remark of the painter Nicomachus, about the "Helene" of Zeuxis.
* Read Aelian's account
Plut:Fr_134; Aelian:VH_14'47; { Nicomachus is said by Plinius (36'108-110) to have been a (slightly older) contemporary of Protogenes, and the teacher of Philoxenus.}
36 ?? Crates the cynic philosopher denounces a statue of Phryne at Delphi.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Mor_336'D, 401'A; Athen_13.591'b; Aelian:VH_9'32; DiogLaert_6'60;(D.6)  { Phryne lived during the reigns of Philippus and Alexander; Diogenes Laertius attributes this remark to Crates' mentor, Diogenes.}
37 ?? Lais (or Phryne) fails to tempt Xenocrates.
DiogLaert_4'7.
38 AEG ?? Apelles' painting of "Aphrodite Anadyomene" is allegedly a portrait of Phryne (or Pancaspe).
Plin:HN_35'87,L  '91;L  ClemAl:Protr_4'47;(↓)  Arnob_6'13.
39 A saying of Phryne about her looks as she gets older.
Plut:Mor_125'A.
40 CYR ?? Eubotas of Cyrene refuses to marry Lais.
Aelian:VH_10'2.
41 MAC ++ General comments on the life and character of Lais.
AnthPal_6.20'1-6.
42 ?? The courtesan Lais is murdered in Thessaly.
Athen_13.589'a-b; { This Lais was a contemporary of Phryne (eg. Athen_13.588'e); there was another courtesan called Lais, who lived at the time of the Peloponnesian War.}

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