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Links to translation of Aelian: On the Nature of Animals


'De Natura Animalium' ('On the Characteristics of Animals'), by the Greek writer Aelian, was translated by A.F.Scolfield in his Loeb edition, with the Greek text on facing pages. This edition can be found on the 'internet archive'. The following table contains links to each chapter in the translation, together with a brief summary of the contents of the chapters.

Book   1 -   2 -   3 -   4 -   5 -   6 -   7 -   8 -   9 -   10 -   11 -   12 -   13 -   14 -   15 -   16 -   17 -   Index




      Translator's Introduction
Prologue


Book 1  
1.1 The Birds of Diomedes
1.2 The Parrot Wrasse
1.3 The Mullet
1.4 The 'Anthias'. The Parrot Wrasse
1.5 The Gnawer and Dolphins
1.6 Animals in love with human beings
1.7 The Jackal
1.8 Nicias and his Hounds
1.9 The Drone
1.10   Servitors among Bees
1.11 Bees, their ages and habits
1.12 The Mullet, how caught
1.13 The 'Etna-fish,' its continence
1.14 The Wrasse, its paternal instincts
1.15 The Wrasse, how caught
1.16 The 'Blue-grey' fish and young
1.17 The Dog-fish and young
1.18 The Dolphin and young
1.19 The Horned Ray
1.20 The Cicada
1.21 The Spider and its web
1.22 Ants observe a day of rest
1.23 The Sargue, how caught
1.24 Vipers and their mating
1.25 The Hyena
1.26 The Black Sea-bream
1.27 The Octopus
1.28 Wasps, how generated
1.29 The Owl
1.30 The Basse and the Prawn
1.31 The Porcupine
1.32 Mutual hostility of certain fishes
1.33 The Moray
1.34 The Cuttlefish
1.35 Birds use charms against sorcery
1.36 The Torpedo. The Halcyon. Causes of numbness
1.37 Protective and numbing powers of certain herbs
1.38 (i) The Elephant, its love of beauty and perfumes (ii) Various irritants
1.39 The Sting-ray, how caught
1.40 The Great Tunny
1.41 The 'Melanurus'
1.42 The Eagle, its keen sight
1.43 The Nightingale
1.44 Cranes bring rain
1.45 Vulture's feathers. The Woodpecker
1.46 The Four-toothed Sparus
1.47 The Raven's thirst
1.48 The Raven in divination; its eggs
1.49 The Bee-eater
1.50 The Moray and the Viper
1.51 Snakes generated from marrow of evil-doers
1.52 The Swallow
1.53 The Goat, its breathing
1.54 Viper, Asp, etc., their bites
1.55 Sharks and Dog-fish
1.56 The Sting-ray
1.57 The Cerastes and the Psylli
1.58 The enemies of Bees
1.59 A Bee-hive
1.60 The King Bee


Book 2  
2.1 Cranes, their migration
2.2 'Fire-flies'
2.3 The Swallow
2.4 'Ephemera'
2.5 The Asp. The Basilisk
2.6 Dolphin and boy at Poroselene
2.7 The Basilisk
2.8 Dolphins help fishermen
2.9 Deer and Snakes
2.10   Mating of Mare and Ass
2.11 Performing Elephants
2.12 The Hare
2.13 Fishes and their leaders
2.14 The Chameleon
2.15 The Pilot-fish
2.16 The 'Tarandus'
2.17 The Sucking-fish
2.18 Medicine in the Heroic Age. Elephants and their wounds
2.19 The Bear and its cub
2.20 Oxen of Erythrae
2.21 Snakes of Ethiopia and Phrygia
2.22 The Sprat
2.23 The Lizard, its vitality
2.24 The Asp. Human spittle
2.25 Ants store grain
2.26 The Eagle and nestlings
2.27 The Ostrich
2.28 The Bustard and Horses
2.29 The Fly
2.30 The Cockerel, and how to keep him
2.31 The Salamander
2.32 The Swan and its song
2.33 The Crocodile
2.34 The Cinnamon bird
2.35 The Ibis and clysters
2.36 The Sting-ray
2.37 The Shrew-mouse
2.38 The Ibis
2.39 The Golden Eagle
2.40 The Eagle and its keepers
2.41 The Red Mullet
2.42 The Falcon
2.43 The Kestrel. Hawks and their eyesight. Hawks of Egypt
2.44 The Rainbow Wrasse
2.45 The Sea-hare
2.46 The Vulture. The 'Aegypius'
2.47 The Kite
2.48 Ravens of Egypt, of Libya
2.49 The Raven and its young
2.50 Poisonous fishes
2.51 The Raven, its daring, voice, and diet
2.52 Viviparous animals
2.53 Hornless Cattle. Bees in Scythia
2.54 The Parrot Wrasse
2.55 The Shark
2.56 The Mouse and its liver. A shower of Mice, of Frogs
2.57 The Ox, man's benefactor


Book 3  
3.1 Lions of Mauretania
3.2 Horses of Libya. Hounds of Crete and elsewhere
3.3 India devoid of Pigs
3.4 Ants of India
3.5 Tortoise and Snake. The Pigeon, its conjugal fidelity. The Partridge, its amorous nature
3.6 Wolves cross a river
3.7 Animal antipathies
3.8 Mares and foals
3.9 The Crow, its conjugal fidelity. Owl and Crow
3.10   The Hedgehog
3.11 The Crocodile and Egyptian Plover
3.12 Jackdaws and Locusts
3.13 Cranes, their migration
3.14 Cranes give warning of storms
3.15 The Pigeon
3.16 The Partridge and its young
3.17 Jealousy in animals
3.18 The Inflater fish
3.19 The Seal
3.20 The Pelican. The Sea-mew
3.21 A Bear and Lions
3.22 Ichneumon and Asp
3.23 Storks, their mutual affection ; transformation into human beings
3.24 The Swallow and its nest
3.25 The Swallow and its young
3.26 The Hoopoe
3.27 No Lions in Peloponnese
3.28 The Perseus fish
3.29 The Pinna
3.30 The Cuckoo
3.31 The Cock feared by Basilisk and Lion
3.32 Local peculiarities
3.33 The Asp. Nile water promotes fertility in animals
3.34 A wonderful Horn
3.35 Partridges, their different notes
3.36 The Grape-spider
3.37 Frogs in Seriphus
3.38 Local peculiarities
3.39 The Goatsucker
3.40 The Nightingale
3.41 The Unicorn's horn
3.42 The Purple Coot. The Peacock
3.43 The Raven in old age
3.44 Ringdoves, their conjugal fidelity
3.45 Pigeons and young; and birds of prey
3.46 An Elephant and its keeper
3.47 Examples of incest


Book 4  
4.1 The Partridge. Cretan lovers
4.2 The Pigeons of Aphrodite at Eryx
4.3 Lion and Lioness
4.4 The Wolf
4.5 Animal enmities
4.6 The Horse
4.7 Example of animal incest
4.8 Groom in love with Mare
4.9 Fish in the mating season
4.10   Elephants worship the Moon
4.11 The Mare
4.12 The Partridge, its young
4.13 The Partridge : three kinds
4.14 Marten and Snake
4.15 The Wolf, when full-fed
4.16 The Partridge as decoy
4.17 The Hedgehog. The Lynx
4.18 Objects poisonous to certain animals
4.19 The Indian Hound
4.20 Peculiarities of various creatures
4.21 The Mantichore
4.22 The power of human spittle
4.23 The Willow. The Hemlock
4.24 The taming of Elephants
4.25 Oxen treading out the corn
4.26 Falconry in India
4.27 The Gryphons and the gold of Bactria
4.28 The Turtle and its eyes
4.29 The Cock and its crowing
4.30 The Jackdaw
4.31 The Elephant, its anatomy and habits
4.32 The Goats and Sheep of India
4.33 The Chameleon and Snakes
4.34 The Lion
4.35 The Ox and its memory
4.36 The Purple Snake of India
4.37 The Ostrich
4.38 The Sparrow
4.39 The Fox and Wasps
4.40 The Dog
4.41 The 'Dikairon'
4.42 The Francolin. The Guinea-fowl
4.43 The Ant. Greek festivals
4.44 Animals remember kind actions
4.45 The story of a Lion, a Bear, and a Dog
4.46 (i) The Lac insect (ii) The Dog-heads
4.47 The Golden Oriole
4.48 How to check an angry Bull
4.49 The Leopard
4.50 The Horse, its eyelashes
4.51 The Gadfly. The Horse-fly
4.52 The Wild Ass of India
4.53 A calculating animal
4.54 Asp in love with a Goose-herd
4.55 The Camel of Bactria
4.56 Seal in love with a Diver
4.57 The Water-snake, its bite
4.58 The Rock-dove. The 'Circe'
4.59 The Blue -fowl
4.60 The Chaffinch


Book 5  
5.1 The Ruff, the bird of Memnon
5.2 Crete hostile to Owls and Snakes
5.3 A monstrous Snake in the Indus
5.4 The Porpoise
5.5 The victorious Hen
5.6 A captured Dolphin
5.7 Monkey and Cats
5.8 Places hostile to certain animals
5.9 The Cicadas of Locris and Rhegium
5.10   Bees and their King
5.11 The King Bee. Character of the Bee
5.12 The Bee, its industry
5.13 The Bee, its skill, its colonies; as weather-prophet ; its love of song
5.14 (i) Rats in Gyarus and Teredon (ii) Scorpions on Mt Latmus
5.15 The King Wasp
5.16 The Wasp and its poison
5.17 The Fly
5.18 The Great Sea-perch
5.19 Wolf and Bull
5.20 The Hake
5.21 The Peacock
5.22 Mouse saved from drowning
5.23 The Crocodile
5.24 The Bustard
5.25 The Lamb
5.26 The Monkey
5.27 Peculiarities of certain animals
5.28 The Purple Coot
5.29 Geese in love with human beings. Geese and Eagles
5.30 The Egyptian Goose
5.31 Anatomy of the Snake
5.32 The Peacock
5.33 The Duck
5.34 The Swan and death
5.35 The Heron and Oysters
5.36 The 'Asterias'
5.37 The Torpedo. The Great Weever
5.38 The Nightingale
5.39 The Lion
5.40 The Leopard
5.41 Ruminants and their stomachs. The Cuttle-fish
5.42 Bees : various kinds.
5.43 The 'Day-fly'
5.44 The Cuttle-fish
5.45 The Wild Boar
5.46 Nature's medicines for animals
5.47 A Lizard regains its lost sight
5.48 Animal friendships and enmities
5.49 Animals' dislike of dead bodies
5.50 (i) Confidence and fear in animals (ii) Animals suckling their young
5.51 Various sounds made by animals
5.52 Reptiles foretell the Nile's rise
5.53 The Hippopotamus
5.54 Leopard and Monkeys
5.55 The Elephant
5.56 Deer crossing the sea


Book 6  
6.1 Animal courage. Continence of athletes
6.2 A tame Leopard
6.3 The Bear
6.4 The Snake, its diet of poison
6.5 The Stag and its antlers
6.6 The Horse in battle
6.7 The Crow of Bang Mares
6.8 The care of animals
6.9 The Bear and its cubs
6.10   (i) Docility of certain animals (ii) Memory in animals
6.11 The Deer and its young
6.12 Tortoise and Viper
6.13 The Deer, its frugality
6.14 The Hyena, its narcotic powers
6.15 Dolphin and boy at Iassus
6.16 Prophetic powers of animals
6.17 Serpent in love with a girl
6.18 The Snake, its voracity and speed
6.19 The song of Birds ; ability to imitate other sounds
6.20 The Scorpion : various kinds
6.21 Elephant and Python
6.22 Enmities and fears of animals
6.23 The Scorpion in Libya
6.24 The Fox and Hedgehog; and Bustards ; and small Fish ; the Fox tests ice
6.25 Devotion of Dogs to their masters
6.26 The Monkey-spider
6.27 The Cat
6.28 The Octopus
6.29 Eagle and boy
6.30 The Hake
6.31 The Crab and music
6.32 The Sprat and music
6.33 Egyptian magic
6.34 The Beaver
6.35 The 'Buprestis'
6.36 The Caterpillar
6.37 The Gadfly. The Horse-fly
6.38 The Asp, its bite fatal. The Ichneumon
6.39 Animals abhor incest
6.40 Heracles revered by Mice
6.41 The Mouse in Egypt
6.42 The story of Crathis
6.43 Ants and their nests
6.44 The Horse's devotion to its master
6.45 Birds and their enmities
6.46 Substances fatal to Birds
6.47 The Hare
6.48 The Mare's love for its foal
6.49 An aged Mule
6.50 Cleanthes and the Ants
6.51 The 'Dipsas'. Fable of Ass and 'Dipsas'
6.52 An Elephant punishes dishonesty
6.53 The Dog in Egypt
6.54 The Hedgehog
6.55 The Limpet
6.56 The Elephant and its hunters
6.57 The Spider's web
6.58 The Phoenix
6.59 The Dog, its reasoning power
6.60 The Camel, its modesty
6.61 The Elephant's respect for old age
6.62 Gelon and his dog
6.63 Snake befriends boy
6.64 Fox and Hedgehog
6.65 Wolves and fishermen


Book 7  
7.1 The Cows of Susa
7.2 A home for aged Elephants
7.3 The Aurochs
7.4 The Bull, its docility
7.5 The 'Catoblepon'
7.6 The Elephant when hunted
7.7 Birds as weather-prophets
7.8 Animals as weather-prophets
7.9 The Hawk in Egypt
7.10   The Dog's devotion to its master; Galba's dog
7.11 Octopus and Eagle
7.12 The Women of Paeonia. A pregnant Hound
7.13 Dog reveals sacrilege
7.14 The Goat cures cataract
7.15 Elephants, their mutual devotion. Laenilla and her sons
7.16 Eagle and Tortoise
7.17 Ceryl and Halcyon
7.18 The Raven
7.19 Animal peculiarities
7.20 Hungry Wolves
7.21 Monkey and baby
7.22 The Hyena. The 'Corocottas'
7.23 A Lion's vengeance
7.24 The Crab : various species
7.25 Lap-dog reveals adulterer
7.26 The Goat and human spittle
7.27 The Sheep. Winds promote fertility
7.28 Icarius and the Hound of Erigone
7.29 A faithful Hound
7.30 The 'Flying Crab'
7.31 The Hermit Crab
7.32 The King Whelk
7.33 The Sea-urchin
7.34 The Purple Shellfish
7.35 The 'Scolopendra' of the sea
7.36 A stampede of Elephants
7.37 Porus and his Elephant
7.38 The Dog as companion
7.39 A horned Hind
7.40 The Dog's devotion to its master. Dog as king
7.41 Lacydes and his Goose. Pyrrhus and his Elephant
7.42 Thales and his Mule
7.43 Elephant and flower-seller
7.44 The Elephant a sun-worshipper
7.45 (i) Egyptian priests and their ablutions (ii) The Elephant as surgeon (iii) Nicknames
7.46 Mithridates, his bodyguard
7.47 Names for the young of Animals
7.48 Androcles and the Lion


Book 8  
8.1 Indian Hounds bred from tigers
8.2 The Hound's delight in hunting
8.3 The Dolphin, its gratitude
8.4 (i) Tame Fishes (ii) Tame Crocodiles
8.5 Divination by Fishes
8.6 Hunters and hunted
8.7 Animals poisonous to the touch
8.8 The Amphisbaena
8.9 The Dog and its medicines
8.10   An Elephant hunt
8.11 Love of beauty in animals
8.12 The 'Pareas' snake
8.13 The ' Sibritae ' scorpions. Various Snakes
8.14 Wolves and Ox
8.15 Elephants cross a ditch
8.16 The Sponge
8.17 The Elephant, its continence ; reveals murder
8.18 The Anchovy
8.19 Pigs and pirates
8.20 Stork punishes adulteress
8.21 Waters that change the colour of Sheep
8.22 Woman of Tarentum and Stork
8.23 The Smooth Lobster
8.24 The Indian Mynah
8.25 The Egyptian Plover
8.26 The Sting-ray
8.27 The young Elephant
8.28 The Sturgeon. The 'Anthias'


Book 9  
9.1 The Lion in old age
9.2 The Eagle's feathers
9.3 The Mouse. The Crocodile and its young
9.4 The Asp, its fangs. The Scorpion, its sting
9.5 Puppies
9.6 The Moon, its influence on Shellfish and Animals
9.7 (i) The Basse and its otolith (ii) Fishes and their 'parasites'
9.8 The Elephant and its young
9.9 The Seal
9.10   The Eagle
9.11 The Malmignatte and the Asp, their bites
9.12 The Fox-shark
9.13 Frogs and their mating
9.14 The Torpedo
9.15 The stings and bites of various creatures
9.16 The Snake and its eyesight
9.17 The Halcyon and its nest
9.18 The herb Wolf's-bane
9.19 Dead bodies in wine, in oil
9.20 The 'Thracian stone'
9.21 Helen of Troy and Snakes in Pharos
9.22 Starfish and Oysters
9.23 The Amphisbaena
9.24 The Fishing-frog
9.25 Crayfish and Octopus
9.26 Snakes and certain herbs
9.27 The Aconite
9.28 Flesh of the Pig
9.29 Snakes at the source of the Euphrates
9.30 The Lion's tracks
9.31 Hiccups and its cure
9.32 Henbane, how gathered
9.33 Intestinal Worm
9.34 The Argonaut
9.35 The depths of the Sea
9.36 The 'Adonis' fish
9.37 Grafting of trees
9.38 The Sea-sheep, and other fish
9.39 Insects, etc., born in plants
9.40 Animals know where their strength lies
9.41 The Mouse. The 'Sea-mouse '
9.42 The Tunny
9.43 The common Crab
9.44 Troglodytes and Snakes
9.45 The Octopus and fruit-trees
9.46 The migration of Fishes
9.47 The Sea-urchin
9.48 Sexual stimulants for animals
9.49 The largest of the Cetaceans
9.50 The Sea-calf. The Whale. The Seal
9.51 The Red Mullet
9.52 Flying Fish
9.53 Fish moving in formation
9.54 Various treatments for domestic animals
9.55 How to silence Dogs and Donkeys
9.56 The Elephant
9.57 Fish in winter
9.58 Longevity of the Elephant
9.59 Sea-fish spawn in fresh water
9.60 The Pipe-fish
9.61 The Asp, its bite
9.62 Death of a Snake-charmer
9.63 Fishes and their mating
9.64 Fresh water in the sea
9.65 Initiates abstain from certain fish
9.66 Mating of Viper and Moray


Book 10  
10.1 An Elephant's jealousy
10.2 Mating season for Fishes
10.3 Anatomy of the Camel
10.4 The Sheep of Arabia
10.5 The 'Areion' snail
10.6 The Spanish Mackerel
10.7 Cooking a Red Mullet
10.8 The Dolphin and its young
10.9 The Viper
10.10   Taming an Elephant
10.11 Vocal Fishes
10.12 The fiesh of the Elephant
10.13 Fauna of Arabia. The Pearl
10.14 The Hawk
10.15 The Scarab
10.16 The Pig in Egypt
10.17 The Elephant's love of home
10.18 The Ram
10.19 The 'Phagrus' and the 'Maeotes'
10.20 A Red Sea Shellfish
10.21 The Crocodile, worshipped at Ombos, killed at Apollinopolis
10.22 The Vulture
10.23 The Scorpions of Coptos
10.24 The Crocodile, killed at Tentyra, worshipped at Coptos
10.25 The Dog-faces
10.26 The Wolf, beloved of Apollo ; reveals sacrilege
10.27 The Cow and Aphrodite
10.28 The Ass and the Antelope, hated in Egypt
10.29 The Ibis
10.30 The Baboon
10.31 The 'Thermuthis' asp
10.32 The Linnet
10.33 The Turtle-dove
10.34 The Swallow as omen
10.35 The Partridge
10.36 The Swan
10.37 The Owl, an evil omen
10.38 Octopus and Crayfish. Black fishes
10.39 The 'Ampelus' leopard
10.40 The Horned Ass of Scythia
10.41 Eupolis and his Dog
10.42 The 'Laertes' ant and wasp
10.43 Fish in the Wile mud
10.44 The Cicada : various kinds
10.45 The Dog honoured in Egypt
10.46 The 'Oxyrhynchus' fish
10.47 The Ichneumon
10.48 The story of Pindus and a Serpent
10.49 Clarus free from noxious creatures
10.50 The worship of Aphrodite at Eryx


Book 11  
11.1 Swans and the worship of Apollo
11.2 Serpents sacred to Apollo in Epirus
11.3 Dogs sacred to Hephaestus at Etna
11.4 The worship of Demeter at Hermione
11.5 Dogs sacred to Athena in Daunia
11.6 A refuge for hunted animals in Arcadia
11.7 A refuge for hunted deer in Cyprus
11.8 Flies avoid the festival of Apollo
11.9 Hunting on Ichara
11.10   Apis, the sacred bull of the Egyptians
11.11 Mneuis, the sacred bull of the Egyptians, and King Bocchoris
11.12 The Dolphin
11.13 The Hounds of Daphnis
11.14 The Elephant as nurse
11.15 An Elephant punishes adultery
11.16 The Serpent of Lavinium
11.17 A sacred Serpent and the penalty of inquisitiveness
11.18 Safeguards and remedies for animals
11.19 Animals give warning of impending disaster. Earthquake at Helice
11.20 Sacred Hounds in the temple of Adranus
11.21 A Red Sea Snail
11.22 The Dolphin in perpetual motion
11.23 The Harper fish
11.24 The Leopard fish. The 'Oxyrhynchus' fish
11.25 Ptolemy II and his Elephant
11.26 The Male superior to the Female
11.27 Small causes of great wars
11.28 Victor and vanquished
11.29 The Sheep of Pontus and Naxos
11.30 The Bee-eater
11.31 Serapis restores a Horse's eye
11.32 A sacred Asp and its slayer
11.33 A sacred Peacock
11.34 A victim of poisoning saved by Serapis
11.35 Cures wrought by Serapis
11.36 The Horse
11.37 Various genera of the animal world
11.38 The Egyptian Goose
11.39 The Hawk
11.40 Freaks of Nature


Book 12  
12.1 Sacred Fish at Myra
12.2 Sacred Fish at Hierapolis
12.3 A monstrous Lamb
12.4 The Hawk : various species
12.5 The Marten and Alcmena. The Mouse worshipped in the Troad
12.6 The Dolphin and its dead
12.7 The Lion in Egypt. The Sphinx. The Nemean Lion
12.8 The Wax-moth
12.9 The Wagtail
12.10   Two proverbs. The Mouse, its character
12.11 Onuphis, the sacred bull
12.12 The Dolphin
12.13 The 'Physa' fish
12.14 The Catfish
12.15 Frog and Water-snake. The Crocodile and the Clapperbill
12.16 Democritus on the fecundity of certain animals. The Libyan Ass
12.17 Democritus on the effects of climate on the animal foetus
12.18 Democritus on the horns of Deer
12.19 Democritus on the growth of horns in Oxen
12.20 Democritus on hornless Bulls
12.21 Eagle saves the baby Gilgamos
12.22 Dogs at Rhocca
12.23 Tame Lions in Elam
12.24 The Water -phoenix
12.25 The Horse-mackerel. The 'Charax'. The Archer fish
12.26 The Porcupine
12.27 The Red Sea Monkey fish
12.28 Change of colour in birds and fishes
12.29 The Nile Perch
12.30 Tame Fish of various lands
12.31 The sons of Aristodemus and the Delphic Oracle
12.32 The Snakes of India
12.33 The Geese of the Capitol
12.34 Various customs relating to animals
12.35 The Dogs Of Xanthippus
12.36 The river Crathis
12.37 Birds in love with human beings
12.38 A winged Sow
12.39 The Snake-born
12.40 Honours paid to Animals
12.41 The Ganges and its Turtles and Crocodiles
12.42 The Parrot Wrasse
12.43 Four methods of fishing
12.44 Music and the Elephant and the Libyan Mare
12.45 Arion and the Dolphins
12.46 Music as a means of capturing Animals
12.47 The 'Anthias' fish


Book 13  
13.1 Gordius and an Eagle. Gelon and a Wolf
13.2 The Sargue
13.3 Fishes, their haunts and their food
13.4 The Star-gazer fish
13.5 The Fishing-frog
13.6 A monstrous Octopus
13.7 Remedies for sick Elephants
13.8 The Elephant and its love of flowers
13.9 The Indian Horse. The War Elephant
13.10   Leopard-hunting in Mauretania
13.11 Fox and Hare. The Hare and its young
13.12 The male Hare
13.13 The Hare, its habits
13.14 The Hare of the plains, the Hare of the mountains. Hare and Hounds
13.15 The Rabbit
13.16 Fishing for Tunny
13.17 The 'Aulopias' fish, how caught
13.18 The royal parks of India and their Birds. The Parrot
13.19 Fishing for Mullet
13.20 The 'Trochus', a sea-monster
13.21 The Triton
13.22 The Elephant as bodyguard
13.23 The 'Scolopendra' of the sea
13.24 Xenophon on Hounds
13.25 Animals presented to the Indian King
13.26 The Cicada of the sea
13.27 The Hyena fish. Depilatories
13.28 The Gilthead


Book 14  
14.1 Tame Mackerel
14.2 A cure for jaundice
14.3 Fishing in shallow waters
14.4 Medicinal properties of the Sea-urchin and Hedgehog
14.5 Hunting for Elephants' tusks
14.6 The Elephant. The Lynx
14.7 The Ostrich; method of capture
14.8 Eels in the Eretaenus
14.9 The Sea-lion
14.10   The Wild Ass of Mauretania
14.11 The Wild Cattle of Libya
14.12 The Weever
14.13 The Indian King, his food
14.14 The Gazelles of Libya
14.15 The 'Myrus', and its eye
14.16 The Ibex of Libya
14.17 The Tortoise of Libya
14.18 'Mare's-frenzy'. Statue of Mare at Olympia
14.19 A boiling lake
14.20 The Sea-horse, its, poisonous nature
14.21 The Otter
14.22 The Grayling, how caught
14.23 The Ister and its Fish. The Sword-fish
14.24 A deadly Seaweed
14.25 The Moesians and their fishing. The Sheat-fish
14.26 The Ister in winter. Ships ice-bound. Fishing in winter. The Sturgeon
14.27 The Peony, how plucked
14.28 The Nerites : two myths
14.29 Fishing in the Eridanus in winter


Book 15  
15.1 Fly-fishing in Macedonia
15.2 The Bam-fish
15.3 The Tunny
15.4 The Moon-fish
15.5 Tunny-fishing in the Euxine
15.6 Tunny-fishers and Poseidon
15.7 Honey-dew in India
15.8 Pearl-fishing in the Indian Ocean
15.9 The Crane-fish
15.10   The Pelamyd
15.11 The Marten. The Marten-fish
15.12 The Clam
15.13 The 'Haemorrhous' snake. The tale of Canobus and Helen
15.14 Animals presented to the Indian King
15.15 Animal contests in India
15.16 The Viper and its young. The Pipe-fish
15.17 Lion and Dolphin compared
15.18 The 'Sepedon' snake
15.19 The Tortoise, male and female
15.20 The Cock in Nibas
15.21 A monstrous Snake
15.22 Crow and Eagle
15.23 The Pilot-fish
15.24 Racing Oxen
15.25 Horses affected by certain waters; fed on fish ; affected by music ; their age
15.26 Scorpions in Persia. The Acomys. The Jerboa
15.27 The Francolin
15.28 The Little Horned Owl
15.29 The Pygmies and their Queen


Book 16  
16.1 The Purple Shellfish
16.2 Birds of India
16.3 The Mynah
16.4 The Adjutant stork
16.5 The Hoopoe of India. A Brahmani myth
16.6 The Pangolin
16.7 The Sand-partridge.
16.8 Water-snakes of India
16.9 The Indian Mule
16.10   Monkevs of Prasiaea
16.11 The Yak
16.12 Fishes of India
16.13 The Skate and the Prawn of India
16.14 The Turtle and the Tortoise of India
16.15 The Ants of India
16.16 The Chasm of Pluto
16.17 The island of Taprobane. The Turtle of the Indian Ocean
16.18 The Elephants of: Taprobane ; its sea-monsters
16.19 The Sea-hare of the Indian Ocean
16.20 Wild animals of India. The 'Cartazonus'
16.21 Satyr-like creatures: in India
16.22 The Sciratae. Snakes of their country
16.23 The people of Sybaris and their Horses
16.24 The 'Lycospad' horse
16.25 The Horse trained for battle
16.26 The Sheep in cold weather
16.27 The Psylli and noxious creatures
16.28 The Psylli and snake-bites
16.29 Different natures combined
16.30 The Goats of Lycia
16.31 The Cynamolgi and their Dogs
16.32 The Sheep of Ceos
16.33 The Cattle and Sheep of various countries
16.34 The Goats of Sardinia
16.35 Fish as food for Goats
16.36 Elephants routed by Pigs
16.37 The Psylli of India and their horses, etc.
16.38 Snakes and Crabs at Metropolis
16.39 Monstrous snakes in India, in Ethiopia. A snake in Chios
16.40 The 'Seps' snake
16.41 Winged Scorpions and Snakes, and Lizards of India
16.42 Winged Scorpions; two-headed Snakes ; river-snakes in Persia


Book 17  
17.1 Monstrous Snakes and Crabs
17.2 Snakes of India
17.3 Monstrous Vipers and Tortoises
17.4 The 'Prester' snake
17.5 The Asp of Egypt
17.6 The Crocodile. Sea-monsters
17.7 The Elephant. The Camel
17.8 The 'Kepos' monkey
17.9 The 'Onocentaura' ape
17.10   The Mole in Boeotia. Peculiarities of Libya, the Euxine, Ethiopia
17.11 The Malmignatte
17.12 A poisonous Toad
17.13 The Stone-curlew
17.14 Gigantic Birds
17.15 The hen Partridge. The Toad's two livers
17.16 The Veneti and Jackdaws
17.17 The Caspii; their land invaded by Rats. The Fox in Caspia. The Rats of Teredon
17.18 The Sting-ray and music
17.19 The Locust in Galatia
17.20 A White Swallow
17.21 The Cinnamon bird
17.22 The 'Orion'
17.23 The 'Catreus'
17.24 The Swan
17.25 An Indian Monkey ; its capacity for imitation; how caught
17.26 The Indian Lion
17.27 The Nomaei and Lions
17.28 The Neades of Samos
17.29 Indian Elephants of war
17.30 Fish as cattle-fodder
17.31 A poisonous Fish in Armenia
17.32 The 'Oxyrhynchus' of the Caspian Sea
17.33 A Caspian bird. An Indian bird
17.34 The Goats and Camels of the Caspii
17.35 The Rhaucii expelled by Bees
17.36 Lion and Camels
17.37 An Eagle's gratitude
17.38 A bird from the Caspian Sea
17.39 Monkeys of Prasiaea
17.40 Population expelled by Mosquitoes, Scorpions, and Spiders
17.41 A plague of Field-mice, of Sparrows, of Frogs, of Lions
17.42 Ants of Babylonia
17.43 The Leopard of Caria
17.44 The Rhinoceros; a fight with an Elephant
17.45 The flesh-eating Bulls of Ethiopia
17.46 Cockerels and Hens in the temples of Heracles and Hebe


      Epilogue
Index



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