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Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum: 559


MEGALOPOLIS RECOGNISES THE INVIOLABILITY OF MAGNESIA

Greek text:   Magnesia_44   ( I.Magn. 38 )
Date:     c. 207/6 B.C.
Format:   see key to translations

This inscription records the decree of Megalopolis, the most important city in Arcadia; as commonly happened when envoys wanted to get the agreement of all the cities in a region, the envoys did not take back separate decrees from other cities in Arcadia, but merely listed their names.


Since envoys and sacred ambassadors have come to Megalopolis from [the people] of Magnesia on the Maiandros, namely Philiskos son of Pythagoras, Konon son of Dionysios and Lampetos son of Pythagoras; and they have presented their decree, in which is recorded the oracular response of Apollo of Delphi, that it will turn out better and more profitably for those who revere Artemis Leukophryene and recognise the city and its territory as sacred and inviolable; and they have spoken about all the other matters, following the instructions from their own city and in accordance with the written decrees; and they described the epiphany of the goddess and the good service rendered to the Greeks by their ancestors; and they urged our city to recognise the festival and the truce and the games with a prize of crowns, equivalent to the Pythian games, in music and athletics and horse-racing, which the city of Magnesia is holding in honour of Artemis Leukophryene; and to recognise the city and its territory as sacred and inviolable; since it is the ancestral custom of our city particularly to promote the honours of the gods and also to repay the favours bestowed on us by our associates and friends, so as to show unfeigned goodwill towards everyone who supports us; and since the citizens of Magnesia on the Maiandros have been kindly disposed towards us ever since ancient times, and they made it clear what zeal and support they have for us, when Proxenos, Agis and Aristopamon went as envoys to them - for the Magnesians received them kindly, and contributed towards the cost of rebuilding the city wall with three hundred darics, which Agamestor brought; therefore the city, mindful of the close ties of friendship and of all the consideration shown to us by the city of Magnesia, accepts the festival of Artemis Leukophryene and the truce and the games with a prize of crowns, equivalent to the Pythian games, in music and athletics and horse-racing, which Magnesians are holding as a rightful sign of gratitude to the goddess, benefactor and leader of their city; and we recognise their city and territory as sacred, as the oracle of the god instructed and as their present envoys and sacred ambassadors have requested; the treasurer Sthenolas shall give to the sacred ambassadors who announce the festival and truce of Artemis Leukophryene . . . with suitable . . . at the public hearth; and whatever is prescribed in the laws to be given, he shall allocate the same to be given to the sacred embassy; and in future, whatever expenses need to be given for a sacred embassy, the legislators {nomographoi} in (?) the year of Lykinos shall allocate these and submit a report to the city, so that the citizens may debate about them; the legislators shall add this truce to the laws, and they shall record these games in the same way as other games with a prize of crowns; so that it may be clear to the Magnesians, that our city promotes the festivals of the gods and gives heed to the requests of our benevolent associates and friends. Nikeratos son of Arkesilos was appointed to be theorodokos. The sacred ambassadors shall be permitted to sacrifice sheep at the public hearth of the city, and we shall give to the goddess the same amount as they give, and give to the sacred ambassadors meals each day, as prescribed by the laws.

The other Arcadians passed similar decrees:
Tegea Orchomenos
Methydrion   Kaphyiai
Stymphalos Phleious
Kleitor Phenea
Pellane Phialeia
Heraia Alea
Psophis Kynaitha
Thelphousa Karyneia
Lysia Tritaion

inscription 560


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