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Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum: 35.823


TREATY BETWEEN ROME AND MARONEIA


Greek text:   IAegThr_168 ,   SEG_35.823
Date:   c. 167 B.C.
Format:   see key to translations

This treaty was probably agreed soon after the Roman senate decided against handing over the cities of Maroneia and Ainos as a gift to Attalos, the brother of Eumenes II ( see Polyb_30.33-7 ). The wording is similar to several other treaties between the Romans and Greek states in the 2nd century B.C., and in particular to the treaty with Astypalaia ( Sherk no. 53, Google Books ).

Another English translation, made from a slightly different version of the Greek text, can be can be found in BD², no. 49 ( Google Books ).


When . . . was priest [of Dionysos], with these men acting as envoys:

to [the people] of Rome and the people of Maroneia [and the] people of Ainos - those who were judged to be free by Lucius [Aemilius], and those who share in their state.

This friendship and alliance shall be good for all time, both by land and by sea. There shall be no war between them. The people of Maroneia shall not permit the enemies and adversaries of the people of Rome to pass through their own territory and the land that they control, by public counsel with malicious intent, so that the enemies may bring war against the Roman people and those placed under them; nor shall they supply the enemies with corn or weapons or ships or money, by public counsel with malicious intent, so that the enemies may bring war against the Roman people. The people of Rome shall not permit the enemies and adversaries of the people of Maroneia to pass through their own territory and the land that they control, by public counsel with malicious intent, so that the enemies may bring war against the people of Maroneia and those under their rule; nor shall they supply the enemies with corn or weapons or ships or money, by public counsel with malicious intent from the Roman people, so that the enemies may bring war against the people of Maroneia. If anyone takes the initiative in making war against the Roman people or those placed under the Romans, then the people of Maroneia shall come to the aid of the people of Rome as appropriate. If anyone takes the initiative in making war against the people of Maroneia or those placed under the Maroneians, then the people of Rome shall come to the aid of the people of Maroneia as appropriate. If the people of Rome and the people of Maroneia want to add anything to the this treaty or remove anything from it, it shall be possible by joint agreement if both sides are willing; whatever they add shall be included in the treaty, and whatever they remove shall be excluded from the treaty.

This treaty shall be written on a bronze tablet and set up both at Rome in the Capitoline temple and at Maroneia in the temple of Dionysos.


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