In the same way as the friends of the Hellenistic kings, ambitious men could now gain influence by acting as an intermediary between the Greek cities and Julius Caesar. Because inscription B appears to honour a citizen of Knidos, Sylloge³ attributed it to the same Kallistos who is honoured in A. Nothing else is known about him apart from these inscriptions. Theopompos, the man honoured in C, is mentioned by Strabo ( 14.656 ): 'Notable Knidians were . . . in my own time, Theopompos, the friend of the deified Caesar, being a man of great influence with him, and his son Artemidoros.'
[A] Decree of the Amphictyons.
Since Kallistos of Knidos, the son of Epigenes, a fine and noble man, who has been in Greece with the imperator and his legates and proconsuls, has acted towards everyone with a behaviour and orderly life that is unsurpassable, and [as he has] great influence with the Roman leaders in [all matters], he has shown concern for the cities and he has always brought about some benefit for our peoples; and he has [joined in] helping those [of the Greeks] who have needs individually, both by himself and through the Roman leaders, so that both [jointly] and individually he has been proclaimed to be the guest-friend and benefactor of the Greeks; 10 and he has continually done this, rescuing cities and individuals, without any reimbursement that required trouble and expense, so that his goodness and magnanimity became thoroughly obvious to everyone; therefore with good fortune it is resolved by the Amphictyons to praise Kallistos of Knidos, the son of Epigenes, for the goodwill that he continually has towards the Greek cities and towards the Amphictyonic confederation; and that he shall have the status of proxenos and benefactor of the Amphictyonic council and of the other Greeks, for both himself and his descendants; and he shall have privileged seating at the Pythian games; and his name shall be proclaimed during the gymnastic contest, along with the other benefactors; and he shall be crowned with a golden crown; 20 and a bronze statue of him shall be put in the most prominent place in the temple of Pythian Apollo at Delphi with the following inscription: The Amphictyons dedicate this statue of Kallistos of Knidos, the son of Epigenes, to Pythian Apollo, on account of his goodwill and virtue towards themselves and the other Greeks. Envoys shall be chosen, to carry the announcement of the honours to him, and to urge him to maintain the same level of goodwill towards all the Greeks. These envoys were chosen: Antigenes and Agesilaos, sons of Philolaos, Protogenes son of Protarchos, Kalleidas son of Euxitheos, and Diodoros son of Dorotheos.
[B] [Since . . ., who is a fine and] noble man, has a pious and holy attitude towards the [god, and he offers] himself [with goodwill to assist the city] in whatever he is requested, unhesitatingly both publicly and [privately] . . . lacking nothing [in zeal and honourable conduct]; and he accepted the role of theorodokos, and through . . . first-fruits, and when Quintus Fufius Calenus, the legate [ and propraetor of imperator Gaius Caesar ] . . . that he should take care with respect to the blocks from Kirrha that were lost . . . he took care of them and ensured that they should all be saved, [enduring] all toil and [hardship] . . . [good] men and opting to be a benefactor of the city itself; therefore it is resolved [by the city of Delphi to praise] . . . under the command of Calenus, and the city shall grant to him and to his descendants the status of proxenos, [priority in consulting the oracle, inviolability, freedom from taxes], the right of owning [land and buildings], privileged seating at all the games that the city holds, and the other privileges [that are granted to other proxenoi and benefactors]. 10 When the archon was Amyntas son of Euangelos, and the members of the council were Diodoros son of Dorotheos and Sostratos [son of Dionysios].
[C] [The Amphictyons dedicated this statue of C. Julius] Theopompos [of Knidos, the son of] Artemidoros, to Pythian [ Apollo ], on account of his [piety] and his goodwill.
→ inscription 762
Attalus' home page | 19.07.19 | Any comments?