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Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum: 738


DELPHI HONOURS POLYGNOTA OF THEBES

Greek text:   FD_3.3.249 , FD_3.3.250
Date:     ? 86 B.C.
Format:   see key to translations

Polygnota was remarkable for two reasons, firstly that she was a woman who chose a career as a travelling musician, and secondly that she was prepared to travel to Delphi despite the risk of a war, which is assumed to be the war of Sulla against the generals of Mithridates; see the comments of A.Chaniotis, "A Few Things Hellenistic Audiences Appreciated in Musical Performances", pp.87-88 ( academia.edu ).


[A]   God. Good fortune.   When Habromachos [was archon], in the month of Boukatios, and the members of the council for the first [six months] were Stratagos, Kleon, Antiphilos and Damon; it was resolved by the city [of Delphi]: since Polygnota of Thebes, the daughter of Sokrates, who is a harpist {choropsaltria}, was residing in Delphi at the time [when] the Pythian games were due to be held; and although the games were [not] held because of the [war] that arose, she made a start on the same day and devoted the day to the god; and at the invitation of the archons and the citizens, she performed for three days and won great approval, in a manner worthy of the god and of the people of Thebes and if our city; and we crowned her with five hundred drachmas; therefore with good fortune it is resolved to praise Polygnota of Thebes, the daughter of Sokrates, for her piety towards the god and her holiness and her good attitude about her profession and her art; our city shall grant to her and her descendants proxeny, priority in consulting the oracle, priority in receiving justice, inviolability, freedom from taxes, privileges seating in the games that the city holds, the right to own land and buildings, and all the other honours that are given to other proxenoi and benefactors of the city; and to invite her to the public hearth in the prytaneion; and she shall be furnished with an offering to sacrifice to Apollo.

[B]   God. Good fortune.   It was resolved by the city of Delphi: since Lykinos of Thebes, the son of Dorotheos, who resided in our city with his cousin Polygnota, conducted himself during his residence in a manner worthy of his own people and of our city; it is resolved by the city to praise Lykinos of Thebes, the son of Dorotheos, and that there shall be given to him and his descendants proxeny, priority in access to the oracle, priority in receiving justice, inviolability, freedom from taxes, privileged seating at the games that the city holds, and the other honours that are given to other proxenoi and benefactors of the city; and he shall be invited to the public hearth of the city. When Habromachos son of Athambos was archon at Delphi, and the members of the council were Damon, Kleon, Stratagos and Antiphilos.

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