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Translations of Hellenistic Inscriptions: 103


SYMPOLITEIA BETWEEN MYANIA AND HYPNIA

Greek text:   IG_9.1².3.748
Date:   c. 190 B.C.
Tags:     arbitration ,   medical_care ,   sympoliteia
Format:   see key to translations


Myania and Hypnia were unimportant places in West Locris (Hypnia is rarely mentioned apart from in this inscription). But the remaining part of their treaty gives a good idea of the main concerns of small Greek states at this time: public doctors, pasturage for sheep and so on. This was clearly an "unequal" sympoliteia - in other words, one of the states was bigger than the other - and the lost part of the treaty in column 1 must have specified the uneven proportion in which the citizens of the two states would share in sacrifices; the regulations in column 2 frequently refer back to this proportion.

The translation follows the revised Greek text and commentary of J.Bousquet, "Convention entre Myania et Hypnia ", BCH 1965 ( Persée ). The difficult section about shepherds, at the start of column 3, is adapted from J. McInerney, "The Cattle of the Sun", page 222 ( Google Books ).


[col.1]   { Only a few words survive from column 1. }

[col.2]   . . . just as to the citizens of Hypnia . . . of this territory in Hypnia the city shall provide a court-room . . . of what is lacking from Hypnia in the same proportion as they share in the sacrifices; in the same proportion they shall occupy the untilled land; 20 and in the same proportion they shall send out embassies, if they send out embassies to anyone; and in the same proportion they shall choose an archos from Hypnia; if the archos cannot manage the affairs of the cities, they shall choose another archos from Hypnia in the same proportion; the magistrates in Hypnia shall enrol the soldiers in Hypnia; whenever they march to war, they shall march in the same proportion as they share in the sacrifices; they shall accept a victualler in the same proportion; 30 they shall establish the doctor and the other public workers in Hypnia for the same pay as was previously established by the citizens of Hypnia - they shall both establish these public workers; the citizens of Myania shall guard the territory of Myania, and the citizens of Hypnia shall guard the territory of Hypnia; they shall both jointly guard the lookout towers and the borders; neither those who guard the territory in Hypnia nor those who guard the territory in Myania shall be required to contribute the impost of a stater.

[col.3]   Sheep: each . . . 40 to the previous . . . each; if any of the shepherds who has pastured his sheep in the area in the past brings his sheep before they are dipped, he shall lead them away once he has dipped them. But all shepherds who have not previously used the land as pasture, while they are dipping their sheep and putting them out of pasture here, may remain in the area for ten days.

If there is a dispute about any of the amendments introduced after the magistracy of Pankles, they shall resolve it in the presence of a panel, namely:

The decision shall be made by no less than three of the panel.

The financial accounts shall be presented each month. When the boularchos of Myania receives copies of the accounts from the magistrates of Hypnia, and has placed them all in the box, the boularchos from Myania and Hypnia shall put his seal upon it. In the same way also when the boularchoi of Hypnia receive copies of the accounts from the boularchos of Myania, 60 and have placed them all in the box, the boularchos from Myania and Hypnia shall put his seal upon it . . . the . . . from Hypnia to Myania . . . the law and the decree of the . . .

inscription 104


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