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Ancient Egyptian Texts:  7.7


SALE AND CESSION OF HOUSE


Date:   307 B.C.
Language:   Demotic
Translated by:   M. Depauw & J.G. Manning
Format:   see key to translations

These documents, written a few years after the start of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt, follow the format that was prevalent in Egypt at the time; they confirm that the purchase has been completed, and that the buyer has uncontested ownership of the property. The translation is taken from M. Depauw & J.G. Manning, in "Law and Legal Practice in Egypt from Alexander to the Arab Conquest", no. 6.1.1 ( Google Books ).


[A]   P.Fam.Theb. 3 ( Sale ) 

Year 10, first month of peret {Tybi} of pharaoh Alexander son of Alexander. 

The smith of the temple of Amun, Pais son of Pamounis and Tarenetbastis, has said to the kalasiris of the estate of Amun, Parates son of Panouphis and Taratis: "My heart is content with the price of my house, which is built and roofed, which is in the northern quarter of Thebes to the west of the enclosure wall of the temple of Montu lord of Waset. To its south: your house, which is built and roofed and your house plot that is vacant; its north: the house of Pateharpres son of Pachaas, which is built and roofed and which is in possession of his children, with the street of Pharaoh between them; its west: your house, which is built and roofed and your courtyard which is at its entrance; its east: the rest of the above-mentioned house which measures two and a half ground cubits, that is 250 square cubits, that is two and a half ground cubits, which I have sold to the wax-maker Chesseus {Chonsuiou} son of Oteuris {Oudjahor}. Those are the neighbours of this house. I have given it to you. It is yours. I do not have any claim at all against you concerning it. No man at all, myself included, will be able to exercise power over it except you from today onwards. The one who will come against you concerning it in my name or in the name of any man at all, I will cause that he is far from you, and I will cause it to be clear for you concerning every right, every title deed, any matter at all any day. Yours are their title deeds in any house in which they are. Every document that has been drawn up concerning it, and every document that has been drawn up for me concerning it, and every document by virtue of which I am entitled concerning it they belong to you and the rights conveyed by them. To you belongs that by virtue of which I am entitled concerning them. The oath or the proof that will be imposed on you in the courthouse with respect to the right conveyed by the foregoing document that I have drawn up for you to cause me to do it, I will do it without claiming any title or anything at all against you."

Written by Psammetichus son of Iretouredj.

{ A list of sixteen witnesses is recorded on the verso. Beneath and to the left of the main text, six of the witnesses write out the agreement in full as part of the act of witnessing. They are: }



[B]   P.Fam.Theb. 3 ( Cession )

Year 10, first month of peret {Tybi} of pharaoh Alexander son of Alexander. 

The smith of the temple of Amun, Pais son of Pamounis and Taremetbastis, has said to the kalasiris Parates son of Panouphis and Taratis: "I am far from you concerning your house, which is built and roofed, which is in the northern quarter of Thebes, to the west of the enclosure wall of the temple of Montu lord of Waset. To its south: your house, which is built and roofed, and your house, which is a building plot; to its north: the house of Peteharpres son of Pachaas, which is built and roofed and which is in the possession of his children, with the street of Pharaoh between them; to its east: the rest of the above-mentioned house, which measures two and a half ground cubits, which I have sold to the wax-maker Chesseus Mentemes {Chonsuiou} son of Oteuris Mentemes {Oudjahor}; to its west: your house, which is built and roofed, and your courtyard, which is at its entrance. Those are all the neighbours of this house, which is built and roofed, which you have bought from me, myself having made for you a document concerning money for it in year 10, first month of peret of Pharaoh, may he live forever. I do not have any claim at all on you concerning it. No man at all, myself included, will be able to exercise power over it except you from today onwards. The one who will come against you concerning it in my name or in the name of any man at all, I will cause that he is far from you, you having a claim on me regarding the right of the document for money that I have made for you for the abovementioned house, which is built and roofed, in year 10, the first month of peret of Pharaoh, may he live forever and in eternity, to act for you according to its contents on every day, beside everything above, without any obstruction."

Written by Psammetichus son of Iretouredj.

{ A list of sixteen witnesses is recorded on the verso, four of whom copy the entire text of the agreement on the recto, with the following introductions: }




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