The concept of a Golden Age did not occur in Egyptian mythology until relatively late, and this short text is the clearest statement of it. The text has survived in four versions. The two earliest versions are translated here; they both come from Bab El Amara, and they are dated to the reign of Ptolemy III. The other two versions are dated to the 2nd century B.C.
The concept of a Golden Age had been familiar to the Greeks since the time of Hesiod ( Op. 109-126 ); and it was restated by Aratus ( Phaen. 96-136 ) in the 3rd century B.C. Therefore this text may show some Greek influence.
The translation of A is taken from F. Dunand & C. Zivie-Coche, "Gods and Men in Egypt", p. 54 ( Google Books ). The translation of B is adapted from the German translation by E. Otto in "Religions en Égypte Hellénistique et Romaine" (1969), pp.93-108.
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