Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum: 590


Greek text:   Sylloge_590
Date:     218-208 B.C.
Tags:     inviolability ,   games+festivals ,   oracles
Format:   see key to translations

Dittenberger dated this inscription to c. 196 B.C., but the institution of the Didymeia games is now thought to have occurred in 218-208 B.C.   A more precise date has been suggested by K.J.Rigsby, "Cos and the Milesian Didymeia" ( PDF ).

[A] In the year of Hippokrates {eponymous magistrate at Kos}, in the month of Artemisios.

It was resolved by the council and the people {of Miletos}, as recommended by the supervisors and proposed by Herakleotes son of Dionysodoros: since the people have traditionally held festivals and games at Didyma in honour of Apollo of Didyma, and the city and its territory have been declared sacred because of the intercourse of Leto and Zeus in this place, and because of the oracle of the god; and many peoples and cities and some kings, achieving great success through the guidance of the oracle, have of their own accord declared it sacred and inviolable, rendering due gratitude to the god and the city for these things; and, in accordance with the responses given by the oracle, it is fitting that the people should institute games of Didymeia, with a prize of crowns, and to invite the other Greeks to these games, seeing that the god has bestowed blessings in common on all of them;   therefore it is resolved by the council to appoint envoys to the Koans, who are friends and allies of the people; and when the appointed envoys arrive at Kos, they shall describe the benefits bestowed on the kings and the other Greeks by the oracle, and the services rendered by the people to them; and they shall urge and request the Koans , recognising the good intentions that the people have always held in maintaining the honour of the games, to act similarly themselves, enhancing both the honours of the gods and the honourable zeal of the people concerning these matters, by accepting the invitation to the games with a prize of crowns, and by granting the greatest possible rewards to the victors at the games; because they know that the people in its gratitude will try to meet their wishes in a manner worthy of their piety towards the divinity and their goodwill towards the city.

Appointed as envoys: Demosthenes son of Erginos and Simos son of Aristophon.

[B] In the year of Philinos, on the first day of the month of Hyakinthios. It was resolved by the council and the people, on the recommendation of the presidents: since the theoroi have arrived from the Milesians . . .

inscription 591

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