This is the most complete formal record of deditio by a foreign people that has survived from the period of the Roman republic. Unfortunately the end of the name of the people has been lost - it is sometimes restored as "Seanoci". For a discussion of the name, see B.D.Hoyos, "Populus Seanoc[...], 104 BC", ( ZPE 1990 - PDF ).
The inscription is preserved on a bronze tablet, found near near Alcántara. Translated by J.S.Richardson, "Hispaniae: Spain and the Development of Roman Imperialism", p.200.
[In the consulship] of C.Marius and C.Flavius. The people of Seano... surrendered [themselves] to L.Caesius, son of Gaius, imperator. L.Caesius, son of Gaius, imperator, after he accepted [their surrender], referred to his advisory council what demands they considered ought to be imposed on them. On the advice of the council, he ordered [that they hand over all] captives, horses, mares which they had captured. All these they surrendered. Then L.Caesius, son of Gaius, [imperator], ordered that they be [free]. He handed back to them such lands and buildings, laws and other things which were theirs on the day before they surrendered, [which] were in existence at that date, for so long as it pleased the people [and senate] of Rome. With regard to this matter, he ordered those present to go . . . Crenus son of . . . and Arco son of Cantonus were the ambassadors.
Attalus' home page | 25.02.16 | Any comments?