203 B.C. Olympiad 144.2

Consuls: Cn Servilius Cn.f. Caepio, C. Servilius C.f. Geminus
Athenian archon: Apollodorus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM {March -R} The new consuls enter office, and are given command of the war in Italy.
2 AFR Scipio makes a successful night attack on the camp of Syphax.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_14.1'1-6'5; +Liv_30.3'1-7'2; Frontin:Str_1.1'3, 2'1, 2.5'29; Silius_17'85-108, '177-178; Plut:Fab_26'3; ~Appian:Pun_17-24; DioCass_fr.57'72, '77; Eutrop_3.20'2; ~Oros_4.18'18-19; +Zonar_9'12;(p249)  { CAH_8'63; OCD_s.}
3 The Carthaginians resolve to continue the war in conjunction with Syphax.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_14.6'6-7'8; +Liv_30.7'3-13; ~Appian:Pun_24; { CAH_8'63.}
4 Scipio defeats the Carthaginians at the battle of the Great Plains.
* Read Polybius' account
Ennius:Fr_p398'14; ~Polyb_14.7'9-9'5; +Liv_30.8'1-9'4, 28'11, 30'14; Silius_17'109-148; Flor_1.22'56; ~Oros_4.18'20; { CAH_8'63; OCD_s.}
5 The Carthaginians attack the Roman fleet at Utica, while Scipio is occupying Tunis.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_14.9'6-10'12; +Liv_30.9'5-10'21; (?) Frontin:Str_4.7'12; Plut:Fab_26'3; ~Appian:Pun_24-25, 30; +Zonar_9'12;(p251)  { CAH_8'63, '66; OCD_s.}
5a MES {17 Artemisius -M} Document: SEG_35.1476, a letter from Icadion concerning the island of Icarus in the Persian Gulf.
5b ASI {15 Daesius -M} Document: RC_38, a letter of (?) Zeuxis to Amyzon.
6 NUM ?? Syphax returns territory which had been captured by Masinissa to Carthage.
7 {22 June -R} Laelius and Masinissa defeat and capture Syphax.
* Read Livy's account
Polyb_15.4'4; Sall:Jug_5'4, 14'8; Diod_27.10'1; +Liv_30.11'1-12'22, 44'12; #Ovid:Fast_6'769-770; ValMax_6.9e'7; Silius_16'272; Just_38.6'5; Eutrop_3.20'2; ~Oros_4.18'21; +Zonar_9'13;(p253)  { CAH_8'63; OCD_s.}
8 AFR Masinissa persuades Sophonisba to commit suicide.
* Read Livy's account
Diod_27.6'1-8'1; +Liv_30.13'1-15'14, 45.7'2, 14'2; ~Appian:Pun_27-28; DioCass_fr.57'73; ~Oros_4.18'21; +Zonar_9'13.(p253) 
9 GRE ?? Document: Syll_538, decrees of Delphi in honour of Philistus of Cos and Philippus of Calymna.
10 EGY << The floruit of Aristophanes of Byzantium.
10a ASI ?? Document: SEG_44.949, a decree of Teos concerning a large ransom to be paid to pirates.
11 << Document: Austin_191,B  a decree of Teos in honour of Antiochus III. { CAH_8'250; Errington_195.}
12 Document: Syll_563-566, decrees of Delphi and the Aetolian League, recognising Teos as inviolable.
12a ?? Document: OGIS_235, a dedication by Zeuxis at Amyzon.
13 AFR Hasdrubal tries to win over some of Scipio's allies.
* Read Appian's account
Appian:Pun_29-30; +Zonar_9'12.(p251) 
14 Scipio agrees to a short truce with the Carthaginians.
* Read Livy's account
Polyb_15.1'6-8, 8'7; +Liv_30.16'1-15; Plut:Fab_26'2-4; ~Appian:Pun_31; DioCass_fr.57'74; +Eutrop_3.21'1-2; Zonar_9'12,(p247)  +'13;(p257)  { CAH_8'63.}
15 ROM Laelius arrives at Rome with Syphax, and envoys from Masinissa.
16 CIS ?? Mago defeats and captures Cn.Piso.
17 The praetor Quinctilius Varus defeats Mago, who later dies of his wounds at sea near Sardinia.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_30.18'1-19'11, 31.11'5; DioCass_fr.58'5; Zonar_9'12,(p247)  +'13,(p259)  '15;(p283)  { CAH_8'56; OCD_m.}
18 ITA ?? Valerius treacherously murders the son of Lucius, his father-in-law.
Plut:Mor_311'D-E; { This story is unlikely to have any historical basis.}
19 ?? Hannibal falls in love with a prostitute from Salapia.
20 ?? Hannibal is warned in a dream not to steal a column from the temple of Juno at Lacinium.
21 ++ The devastation caused by Hannibal's long stay in Italy.
* Read Polybius' account
Macrob:Sat_6.7'10<q"L  Cato>; Polyb_10.33'1-7; Sall:Jug_5'4; Diod_29.19'1; Strab_5'251,(4.13)  6'255;(1.5)  Vell_1.15'1; ValMax_9.2e'2; Sen:Dial_4.5'4; Frontin:Str_3.2'3; Plut:Mor_324'B; Appian:Pun_134, :Syr_10; Gell_2.6'7; Malal_209.
22 Hannibal is ordered by the Carthaginians to leave Italy, and sails back to Africa; Pelorus, Hannibal's helmsman, dies during the journey.
* Read Livy's account
[Cic]:RhetHer_3'2; Sall:Hist_4'25;L  Diod_27.9'1-10'1; +Liv_30.19'12-21'10; Strab_1.10;(1.17)  ValMax_9.8e'1; !Mela_2'116; Frontin:Str_1.3'8; Silius_17'149-290; Plut:Ages_15'6, :Fab_26'5; Appian:Hann_1, 58-61, ~:Pun_33; Eutrop_3.20'3; ~Oros_4.19'1; +Zonar_9'13;(p259)  { CAH_8'56, '63; OCD_h.}
23 ROM Carthaginian envoys appear before the Roman senate to discuss peace terms.
* Read Livy's account
Polyb_15.1'3, 8'8-9; +Liv_30.21'11-23'8, 30'27-28; (?) ValMax_7.2'3; ~Appian:Pun_31-32; DioCass_fr.57'74; +Eutrop_3.21'2-3; +Zonar_9'13;(p259)  { CAH_8'72.}
24 P.Sulpicius is appointed dictator, to stop Caepio crossing to Africa.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_30.24'1-4, 45.36'9; +FastCap_p62; { CAH_8'73.}
25 << Fabius is awarded a crown of grass for saving Rome from Hannibal.
* Read Gellius' account
Plin:HN_22'10;L  Gell_5.6'10; { This is explicitly stated by Plinius to be after Hannibal left Italy.}
26 ?? The generous treatment by Fabius of a Marsian and a Lucanian who were both suspected of treason.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Fab_20'1-6, :Mor_195'E-F; [Vict]:VirIll_42'5.L 
27 ++ General comments on the character of Fabius, and his role in the defeat of Hannibal.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Rep_5'10, :Sen_11-12; CIL_11.1828; ValMax_3.8'2; Sen:Dial_4.31'4, :Ben_2.7'1; Plut:Marc_9'7, :Fab_1'3-5, 19'1-5, 28'1-4, 30'1-3, :Mor_195'D.
28 The death of Fabius Maximus Cunctator, who had been augur for 62 years.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_30.26'7-10; ValMax_5.2'3, 8.13'3; Plin:HN_7'156; Plut:Fab_27'1-2; { OCD_f.}
29 Delegations from Greek states complain to the Roman senate that Philippus has broken the terms of the peace treaty.
+Liv_30.26'2-4; { CAH_8'245.}
30 == The "picus Martius", a bird of good omen, is seen to land on the head of the praetor P.Aelius Paetus.
FGrH_809'32<q" FabPict>; { Since the Paetus in the story was praetor urbanus, he is probably identical with the Paetus who was praetor for this year (Liv_30.1'9).}

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