121 B.C. Olympiad 164.4

Consuls: L. Opimius Q.f., Q. Fabius Q.Aemiliani f. Maximus
Athenian archon: Phocion (?)

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM Minucius and Opimius revoke some of Gracchus' laws.
* Read Plutarch's account
+Plut:CGrac_13'1; Flor_2.3'4; ~Appian:BCiv_1'24; [Vict]:VirIll_65'5;L  ~Oros_5.12'5; { CAH_9'83.}
2 NAR An embassy from Bituitus to Domitius.
3 The Achaean League sends troops to join Domitius' army in Gaul.
4 ROM Q.Antyllius is killed by supporters of Gracchus.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_34.28a'1; +Plut:CGrac_13'1-14'6; ~Appian:BCiv_1'25; [Vict]:VirIll_65'5;L  ~Oros_5.12'5; { CAH_9'84.}
5 ?? C.Gracchus buys some figures of dolphins made out of silver.
6 ?? Emotional passages from an unknown speech by Gracchus.
Cic:DeOr_3'214; Schol:Bob_81.
7 ++ General comments on the character of C.Gracchus, his revolutionary career, and his skill as an orator.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:RabPerd_14-15, :HarResp_41, 43, :DeOr_1'38, 3'225-227, :Brut_125-126; Diod_37.9'1; ValMax_8.10'1; Sen:Ben_6.34'2; Quint_1.10'27; Plut:Agis_2'7-8, :TGrac_2'1-3'3; Gell_1.11'10-16; DioCass_fr.85'1-3.
8 After the senate passes the Ultimate Decree, Gracchus and Flaccus are killed in fighting at Rome.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Cat_1'4, 4'13, :Dom_102, :Phil_8'14; Diod_34.29'1-30'1, 37.9'1; +[Liv]:Per_61; +Vell_2.6'4-7; ValMax_1.7'6, 4.7'2, 5.3'2, 6.8'3, 9.4'3; Plin:HN_33'48; +Plut:CGrac_15'1-17'5; Justin:Dig_24.3.66'1<q" Javolenus>; +Flor_2.3'4-6; Appian:BCiv_1'26; Ampel_19'4, 26'2; +[Vict]:VirIll_65'5-6;L  August:DeCiv_3'24; Oros_5.12'6-9; Macrob:Sat_1.11'25;L  { CAH_9'84; OCD_g.}
9 NAR Cn.Domitius defeats the Allobroges at the battle of Vindalium.
* Read Florus' account
~[Liv]:Per_61; Strab_4'185,(1.11)  '191;(2.3)  Vell_2.10'2, 39'1; Suet:Ner_2'1; Flor_1.37'4-6; !Obseq_32; Oros_5.13'2; { Orosius says that Domitius was proconsul at the time.}
10 ROM The consul Opimius punishes the supporters of Gracchus severely.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Jug_16'2, 31'7; ~Vell_2.7'2-3, '6; ValMax_6.3'1, 9.12'6; +Plut:CGrac_17'6-7; Appian:BCiv_1'26;(↓)  August:DeCiv_3'24; +Oros_5.12'9-10; { CAH_9'84; OCD_o.}
11 Cornelia reacts stoically to the death of her sons, and a statue is erected of her as "the mother of the Gracchi".
* Read Plutarch's account
+CIL_6.10043; Sen:Dial_6.16'3, 12.16'6; Plin:HN_34'31; Plut:CGrac_4'4, 19'1-4.
12 NAR {8 August -R} Q.Fabius Maximus defeats Bituitus, the king of the Arverni, by the river Isara.
* Read Florus' account
Cic:Font_36; Caes:BGall_1.45'2; +[Liv]:Per_61; Strab_4'185,(1.11)  '191;(2.3)  Vell_2.10'2; +Plin:HN_7'166; Flor_1.37'4-6; Appian:Gall_1'7;(16)  Eutrop_4.22'1; !Hieron:Chron_1891; AmmMarc_15.12'5; +Oros_5.14'1-4.
13 SIC P.Lentulus is sent on an embassy to Sicily.
ValMax_5.3'2; { Shortly after the death of C.Gracchus.}
14 ROM The senate instructs Opimius to restore the temple of Concordia.
* Read Plutarch's account
+Plut:CGrac_17'8-9; ~Appian:BCiv_1'26;(↓)  August:DeCiv_3'25, '26; { OCD_o.}
15 NAR Domitius captures Bituitus.
* Read Athenaeus' account
~ValMax_9.6'3; Athen_4.152'd; Eutrop_4.22'1; { After the arrival of Q.Maximus in Gaul.}
16 ++ The Romans help Contoniatus to establish himself as a chieftain in Gaul.
17 ?? Other events from the Roman campaigns in Transalpine Gaul.
18 ETR Bituitus is emprisoned at Alba.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_61; ValMax_9.6'3.
19 IT+ The year of Opimius' consulship is famous for its excellent vintage.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Brut_287; +Vell_2.7'6; Petron:Sat_34'6-7; +Plin:HN_14'55,L  '94;L  Mart_1.26'7, 3.82'24, 13.113'1-2; { OCD_o.}
20 NUM Micipsa adopts Jugurtha.
Sall:Jug_9'3, ~11'6; { Less than three years before the death of Micipsa.}
21 ROM The triumph of Metellus Balearicus.
* Read Fasti's account
Cic:Fin_5'82; +FastTr_p106; { CAH_9'782; OCD_m.}
22 == Omens, including the shape of a bow around the sun.
+Plin:HN_2'98; +Obseq_33.
23 == L.Crassus, when very young, is too nervous to continue speaking in a case heard by Q.Maximus.
Cic:DeOr_1'121; { Probably when Q.Maximus was consul.}
24 PON ?? Mithridates gains control of Paphlagonia.

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