91 B.C. Olympiad 172.2

Consuls: L. Marcius Q.f. Philippus, Sex. Julius C.f. Caesar
Athenian archon: Medeius

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM Political rivalry between the tribune M.Drusus and Q.Caepio.
* Read Dio's account
Cic:Dom_120; ~Diod_37.10'1-2; ~Vell_2.13'1-3; Plin:HN_28'148,L  33'20; +Flor_2.5'4-5; Ampel_26'4; DioCass_fr.96'1-3; { OCD_d.}
2 << Caepio unsuccessfully prosecutes Scaurus and (?) Philippus.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Font_38, :Scaur_fr'd, 45'f; ValMax_3.7'8; Ascon_21;L  +Flor_2.5'5; { ~OCD_s.}
3 Drusus resorts to bribery in an attempt to gain popular support.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_70; +Flor_2.5'6; [Vict]:VirIll_66'5.L 
4 Drusus supports the idea of giving Roman citizenship to the rest of Italy.
* Read Appian's account
~Diod_37.2'2; ~[Liv]:Per_71; Vell_2.14'1; +Flor_2.5'6, 6'3; Appian:BCiv_1'35; Ampel_26'4; [Vict]:VirIll_66'4;L  +Oros_5.18'2; +Schol:Bob_118;L  { CAH_9'112; OCD_d.}
5 The Marsic leader Q.Poppaedius is a guest at the home of Drusus.
* Read Plutarch's account
ValMax_3.1'2; Plut:CatMin_2'1-5; [Vict]:VirIll_80'1.L 
6 Drusus proposes land and corn laws.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_71; +CIL_6.1312; Ampel_19'6l; [Vict]:VirIll_66'4,L  '9;L  { CAH_9'112.}
6a Saufeius passes another land law, and Drusus is made one of the five members of its commission.
7 Drusus establishes several new Roman colonies in Italy and Sicily.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:BCiv_1'35, '36; { OCD_d.}
8 Drusus proposes to change the composition of juries to a mixture of senators and equites.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Clu_153, :RabPost_16; ~Diod_37.10'3; ~[Liv]:Per_71; Ascon_21;L (↓)  +Flor_1.47'9; Appian:BCiv_1'35; [Vict]:VirIll_66'4;L  { CAH_9'111; OCD-d.}
9 Drusus proposes to enrol 300 of the equites into the senate.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:BCiv_1'35; [Vict]:VirIll_66'4;L  { CAH_9'111.}
10 The Italians plan to murder the consuls at the Latin Festival, but their plot is discovered.
11 Drusus maltreats visitors from Mauretania and Numidia.
12 The laws of Drusus are passed, after Philippus has been restrained by violence, and threats have been made against Caepio.
* Read Florus' account
@  (?) Cic:DeOr_1'24; +ValMax_9.5'2; +Flor_2.5'7-9; [Vict]:VirIll_66'8.L 
13 Drusus issues silver coins which are debased with an alloy of bronze.
Plin:HN_33'46; { CAH_9'633.}
13a PEL Document: Syll_736, regulations concerning the mysteries at Andania in Messenia.
14 CAP << Tigranes invades Cappadocia and drives out Ariobarzanes.
~Just_38.3'1-3; { CAH_9'143; Green_720=93.}
15 PON << Mithridates invades Bithynia, expels Nicomedes IV, and sets up Socrates as king.
* Read Appian's account
Memn_22'5; ~Appian:Mith_10, 13, 57; ~Just_38.3'4; Trog:Prol_38; { CAH_9'787; OCD_n.}
16 ROM {10 September -R} The dramatic setting of Cicero's dialogue "De Oratore".
~Cic:DeOr_1'24-29, 3'1.
17 ?? Crassus, speaking in defence of Cn.Plancus, denounces the extravagance of M.Brutus "the accuser".
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Clu_140-141, :DeOr_2'220-226, :Off_2'50; Quint_6.3'44.
18 ?? Crassus is himself criticised for having a luxurious house and furnishings.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Balb_56; Plin:HN_33'147, 34'14, 36'7, '114.
19 ?? Crassus jokingly likens a witness in a court case to a crude picture of a Gaul.
20 {13 September -R} L.Crassus, shortly before his death, strongly criticises Philippus in the senate.
* Read Cicero's account
#Cic:DeOr_3'2-8, :Brut_303; ValMax_6.2'2; Quint_11.1'37; { CAH_9'113; OCD_c.}
21 ++ General comments on the character of Crassus, and his pre-eminence as an orator.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Brut_155, 158; (?) Cic:ND_1'58.
22 The senate, on the advice of the consul Philippus, declares the laws of Drusus invalid.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Dom_41, 50, :Leg_2'14,L  '31;L  ~Diod_37.10'3; Ascon_68-69.L (↓) 
23 The Italian allies, disappointed by the failure of Drusus, begin to plot against the Romans.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_71; ~Vell_2.15'1; Tac:Ann_3'27; +Flor_2.5'9; Appian:BCiv_1'36; [Vict]:VirIll_66'10-11;L  August:DeCiv_3'26; +Oros_5.18'2.
24 Poppaedius attempts to lead 10,000 supporters into Rome, but is persuaded by Domitius to return home.
~Diod_37.13'1-2; { CAH_9'114.}
25 The Italians swear an oath of loyalty to Drusus.
~Diod_37.11'1; { CAH_9'113.}
26 A sarcastic response by Granius when greeted by Drusus.
Cic:Planc_33; Schol:Bob_158.L 
27 ?? Drusus builds a new house on the Palatine.
* Read Velleius' account
Vell_2.14'3; Plut:Mor_800'F.
28 ++ Drusus' personal wealth amounts to over 10,000 pounds of silver.
29 {? October -R} Drusus is murdered near his home.
* Read Velleius' account
[Cic]:RhetHer_4'31; Cic:Mil_16, :ND_3'80-81; ~[Liv]:Per_71; ~Vell_2.14'1-2; Sen:Dial_6.16'4, 10.6'1; Suet:Tib_3'2; +Flor_2.5'2, '9; Appian:BCiv_1'36-37; Ampel_19'6, 26'4; [Vict]:VirIll_66'11-13;L  +Oros_5.18'7; +Schol:Bob_117-118;L  { CAH_9'113; OCD_d.}
30 ?? Sulla and Marius quarrel over statues erected at Rome by Bocchus, king of Mauretania, and over Sulla's seal depicting Jugurtha.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Sull_6'1-2, :Mar_32'3-6, :Mor_806'C-D; [Vict]:VirIll_75'6.L 
31 ETR The Italians openly revolt against the Romans, and begin to raise armies and appoint generals.
* Read Appian's account
+Diod_37.2'1-2; [Liv]:Per_72; Strab_5'241;(4.2)  +Vell_2.15'1-2; Plut:Mor_321'F; +Flor_2.6'1-7; Appian:BCiv_1'38, '39; +Eutrop_5.3'1; Hieron:Chron_1928; August:DeCiv_5'22; +Oros_5.18'1, '10.
32 ROM Dire omens portend the atrocities of the Social War.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Div_1'99, 2'59; +Plin:HN_2'199, 7'34, 8'221; Plut:Sull_6'11-13; +Obseq_54; August:DeCiv_3'23; +Oros_5.18'3-6.
33 ETR The praetor Q.Servilius, his legate Fonteius, and other Romans are murdered at Asculum.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Font_41; Diod_37.12'1-3, 13'2; ~[Liv]:Per_72; +Vell_2.15'1; +Flor_2.6'9; Appian:BCiv_1'38; +Obseq_54; ~Oros_5.18'8; Schol:Bob_81;L  { CAH_9'114.}
34 ITA Ser.Galba is captured by the Lucanians, but escapes.
35 Aesernia and Alba are besieged by the Italians.
* Read Anon's account
[Cic]:RhetHer_2'45; ~[Liv]:Per_72; { CAH_9'120.}
36 ROM The Romans receive aid from the Latin allies and from abroad.
37 Hortensius makes a speech calling for the restoration of Nicomedes.
38 The praetor Q.Pompeius prevents Q.Fabius from spending his inheritance, because of his profligacy.
Cic:Tusc_1'81; ValMax_3.5'2; { OCD_p.}
39 ++ L.Lucullus receives a thorough education in Greek and Latin.
40 ?? L.Lucullus secures the conviction of Servilius, who had prosecuted Lucullus' father.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Acad_2'1; Plut:Luc_1'1-3; { This happened while Lucullus was still young, before the Social War.}
41 ?? Cicero shows signs of great ability while still at school.
42 ASI ?? C.Julius Caesar goes to Asia as proconsul.
CIL_6.1311; { MRR_2'13, 16.}
43 AFR == Document: CIL_1.707, an inscription set up by Q Marcius Protomachus, a doctor.

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