89 B.C. Olympiad 172.4

Consuls: Cn. Pompeius Sex.f. Strabo, L. Porcius M.f. Cato
Athenian archon: Medeius

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ETR The senate garrisons the sea coast between Cumae and Rome with freedmen.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:BCiv_1'49; Macrob:Sat_1.11'32.L 
2 An Italian force attempts to encourage revolt in Etruria, but is defeated by Pompeius.
+Appian:BCiv_1'50; { CAH_9'124.}
3 Marius is forced by ill health to give up his command.
~Plut:Mar_33'6; { CAH_9'124.}
4 C.Titius (? Titinius) leads a mutiny in Cato's army.
5 Cato is defeated and killed by the Marsi near Lake Fucinus.
* Read Livy's account
+[Liv]:Per_75; Vell_2.16'4; +Appian:BCiv_1'50; Eutrop_5.3'2; +Oros_5.18'24; { CAH_9'124; OCD_poppaedius.}
6 ITA {29 April -R} Sulla captures and destroys Stabiae.
#Plin:HN_3'70; { CAH_9'125.}
7 ETR Vettius Scato meets and talks informally with Pompeius.
8 Pompeius defeats the Marsi.
* Read Livy's account
+[Liv]:Per_74; +Appian:BCiv_1'52; { OCD_vettius.}
9 Vettius is killed by his slave after being captured by the Romans.
Sen:Ben_3.23'5; Macrob:Sat_1.11'24.L 
10 Q.Varius is found guilty under the terms of his own law.
* Read Cicero's account
~Cic:Brut_305; ValMax_8.6'4; { CAH_9'115; OCD_v.}
11 ROM The senate suspends trials under the Lex Varia because of the war situation.
12 The Lex Papiria Plautia grants further citizenship rights to the Italians.
* Read Cicero's account
[Cic]:RhetHer_3'2; Cic:Arch_7; Vell_2.17'1; +Schol:Bob_175; { CAH_9'126; OCD_plautius.}
13 The praetor A.Sempronius Asellio is murdered after attempting to help debtors.
* Read Appian's account
+[Liv]:Per_74; ValMax_9.7'4; ~Appian:BCiv_1'54; ~Oros_5.18'27-29; { CAH_9'787.}
14 MAC The Thracians, led by their king Sothinus, invade Macedonia, but are forced back by C.Sentius.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Pis_84; Diod_37.5a'1; +[Liv]:Per_74, 76; ~Oros_5.18'30.
15 PON << Nicomedes invades Pontus, with the support of the Roman envoys.
* Read Appian's account
Sall:Hist_4.67'10; ~Appian:Mith_11-12, 14, 57; DioCass_fr.99'1; { CAH_9'144; Green_560.}
15b EXT << Arshak becomes king of the Iberians, after defeating Mirvan in battle.
ChronGeorg_4; { Traditional date, according to C.Toumanoff.}
16 CIS << Sex.Caesar(?) dies at Asculum, and is succeeded in his command by C.Baebius.
~Appian:BCiv_1'48;(↓)  { MRR_2'21.}
17 ITA The Roman admiral Albinus is killed in a mutiny at Pompeii.
* Read Plutarch's account
+[Liv]:Per_75; ValMax_9.8'3; Plut:Sull_6'16; Polyaen_8.9'1; +Oros_5.18'22.
18 Sulla defeats the Samnites under Cluentius near Nola.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Div_1'72, 2'65; +[Liv]:Per_75; ValMax_1.6'4; Plin:HN_22'12;L  Flor_2.6'13; +Appian:BCiv_1'50; +Oros_5.18'23; { CAH_9'124.}
19 Sulla subdues the Hirpini.
* Read Appian's account
+[Liv]:Per_75; +Appian:BCiv_1'51; [Vict]:VirIll_75'5.
20 Sulla invades Samnium and captures Bovianum.
+Appian:BCiv_1'51; { CAH_9'1255.}
21 << Carbo defeats the Lucanians.
22 Cosconius defeats the Samnites under Trebatius near Canusium.
* Read Appian's account
~Diod_37.2'8; +[Liv]:Per_75; +Appian:BCiv_1'52; { CAH_9'125.}
23 The Romans capture Herculaneum and besiege Pompeii.
Vell_2.16'2; { CAH_9'125.}
24 {June 11 -R} T.Didius is defeated and killed by the Italians.
#Ovid:Fast_6'567-568; { OCD_d.}
25 The Italian general Marius Egnatius is killed by the Romans.
25a EGY {Pauni -E = June} Document: AET_6.3'C-D, two demotic marriage contracts.
26 ETR Pompeius defeats a large force of Italians near Asculum, after which Vidacilius commits suicide.
* Read Appian's account
Vell_2.21'1; ~Appian:BCiv_1'48; ~Oros_5.18'21; { CAH_9'125.}
26a EGY {25 Payni -E = July} Document: OGIS_188 & 189, an obeisance to Isis performed by Tryphon at Philae.
27 ASI Mithridates sends Pelopidas to complain to the Roman envoys in Asia about Nicomedes' aggression.
* Read Appian's account
Sall:Hist_4.67'10; ~Appian:Mith_12-14; { CAH_9'144; Green_560.}
28 PAL Demetrius Akairos defeats Alexander near Shechem.
* Read Josephus' account
@  (?) Qumran_4Q169'1;(Nahum,2.11)  Joseph:BJ_1'92-95, ~:AJ_13'376-378; { Shortly before Demetrius was defeated by Philippus.}
29 ITA Some slaves rescue their mistress after Grumentum is captured.
Sen:Ben_3.23'2-4; Macrob:Sat_1.11'23;L  { Grumentum may have been captured by the Roman army which Gabinius led into Lucania.}
30 A.Gabinius is defeated and killed in Lucania.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_76; +Oros_5.18'25.
31 ETR Sulpicius subdues the Marrucini.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_76; +Oros_5.18'25; { CAH_9'124.}
32 The Romans besiege Pinna, a city of the Vestini.
33 The Vestini surrender to Pompeius.
* Read Livy's account
+[Liv]:Per_75, 76; +Appian:BCiv_1'52; +Oros_5.18'25; { CAH_9'124.}
34 The Paeligni surrender to Pompeius.
35 CAP Mithridates expels Ariobarzanes from Cappadocia.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_76; Appian:Syr_48, :Mith_10, 15, 57;(↓)  Festus:Brev_11'3; { CAH_9'144; OCD_a.}
36 ROM Sulla returns to Rome to stand as a candidate for consul.
* Read Diodorus' account
~Diod_37.25'1; +[Liv]:Per_75; Vell_2.17'3; +Appian:BCiv_1'51;(↓)  { CAH_9'125; OCD_s.}
37 CIS Pompeius grants Latin status to the Transpadanes.
Ascon_3;L  Plin:HN_3'138; { CAH_9'126.}
38 ETR Document: CIL_1.848-861 & 1.875-877, sling shots from Asculum.
39 ETR Pompeius captures and sacks Asculum.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Clu_21; ~[Liv]:Per_76, 85; Vell_2.21'1; (?) Tac:Ann_13'6; Plut:Pomp_4'2-3; Flor_2.6'14; Gell_15.4'3; ~Oros_5.18'18-20, '26; { CAH_9'125; OCD_p.}
40 ROM C.Caesar attempts to stand as a candidate in the consular elections, but is stopped by Sulpicius.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:HarResp_43, :Brut_226; Ascon_25;L  Quint_6.3'75; { CAH_9'166; OCD_c.}
41 PON Mithridates and the Romans make preparations for a new war.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:Mith_17; ~Just_38.3'5-7.
42 ETR {17 Nov. -R} Document: CIL_1.709, in which Pompeius grants Roman citizenship to a squadron of Spanish horsemen. { CAH_9'126.}
43 Pompeius grants Roman citizenship to P.Caesius of Ravenna.
44 ROM Q.Metellus, as praetor, enrols the poet Archias as a Roman citizen.
Cic:Arch_7-8; { MRR_2'20.}
45 The Lex Plautia alters the composition of juries.
+Ascon_79;L  { CAH_9'114-115; OCD_p.}
46 Papirius Carbo passes a law which sets the weight of an as at half an ounce.
Plin:HN_33'46; { MRR_2'25.}
47 << C.Vettienus is punished for trying to avoid serving in the Roman army.
48 The censors P.Crassus and L.Caesar impose curbs on luxury goods such as scent and wine.
~Plin:HN_13'24,L  14'95;L  { CAH_9'787; OCD_crassus.}
49 {25 December -R} The triumph of Pompeius Strabo, over the Picentes of Asculum.
* Read Dio's account
#FastTr_p107; Vell_2.65'3; ValMax_6.9'9; Ascon_14;L  Plin:HN_7'135; Gell_15.4'3; DioCass_43.51'4-5, 49.21'3; { CAH_9'126; OCD_p.}
50 ASI ?? Document: Sherk_58B  (OGIS_438), an inscription in honour of Herostratus.
50a MOE << Document: SEG_47.1125, a decree of Histria in honour of a general of Mithridates.
50b ASI << Document: THI_175.C, a decree of Priene honouring an envoy in disputes with Miletus and the publicani.
51 ITA << Volcanic fires appear for several days on the islands of Lipara and Hiera.
52 ITA == Document: ARS_63 (CIL_1.590), a new constitution granted to Tarentum.
53 ROM == The censors do not carry out a census of Roman citizens.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Arch_11; +FastCap_p74.
54 ++ The childhood of T.Pomponius Atticus.
55 CIS == The floruit of the dramatist L.Pomponius of Bononia.

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