80 B.C. Olympiad 175.1

Consuls: L. Cornelius L.f. Sulla Felix (II), Q. Caecilius Q.f. Metellus Pius
Athenian archon: Apollodorus
Olympic victor in the boys' stadion race: Epaenetus of Argos

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM << Sulla's law about Pompeius' return is blocked by C.Herennius.
Gell_10.20'10<q" Sall:Hist_2'21>.
2 {4 March -R} Document: CIL_1.893, a "tessera consularis" with the name of Bato.
3 LUS << Sertorius mourns the death of his mother.
4 Sertorius is called back by the Lusitani to lead their resistance to the Romans: the start of the war against Sertorius.
* Read Plutarch's account
~[Liv]:Per_90, 96; ~Plut:Sert_10'1, 11'1-2, 12'1-2; Appian:Hisp_101, :BCiv_1'108; Eutrop_6.1'1-2; Exsuper_53; Oros_5.23'2; { CAH_9'206; OCD_s.}
5 Sertorius keeps a white fawn as a pet, which he pretends has supernatural powers.
* Read Plutarch's account
ValMax_1.2'4; Plin:HN_8'117; Frontin:Str_1.11'13; Plut:Sert_11'3-8; Polyaen_8.22'1.
6 EGY Sulla sends Ptolemy XI Alexander to be king of Egypt.
* Read Appian's account
Appian:BCiv_1'102; ~[Euseb]:Chron_165;(↓)  { OCD_p; Hölbl_p213.}
7 {? April} Ptolemy Alexander is killed in a riot at Alexandria after murdering Berenice, and is succeeded by Ptolemy XII Auletes.
SelPap_2.393'3, '10, 394'17; POxy_1628'9, '25<t= SelPap_1.40>, 1644'2, '33<t= SelPap_1.55>; Appian:BCiv_1'102;(↓)  ClemAl:Strom_1'21; ~[Euseb]:Chron_165,(↓)  167, 171; ChronPasc_449'B; +Hieron:Chron_1937; Malal_197; ExcBarb_46B; Schol:Bob_93; ChronSynt_91; { OCD_p; Bennett.}
8 ROM {4 June} A dedication to Hercules in the Circus.
9 ITA The Romans capture Nola, after which Mutilus is abandoned by his wife Baestia and commits suicide.
* Read Granius' account
~[Liv]:Per_89; GranLic_32; { CAH_9'195.}
10 BAE Sertorius defeats Cotta in a naval battle near Mellaria.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_1'93-94; ~Plut:Sert_12'3.
11 ROM Sulla marries Valeria, daughter of Messalla.
~Plut:Sull_35'5-11; { CAH_9'206.}
12 CHE << Mithridates sets up his son Machares as king of Bosporus.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:LegMan_9; Appian:Mith_64, ~67.
13 PEL The main events at the Olympic Games are cancelled, because the athletes have been summoned to Rome by Sulla.
14 AEG The Romans under Thermus capture and sack Mytilene; C.Caesar wins an award for bravery.
* Read Suetonius's account
Cic:LegAgr_2'40; ~[Liv]:Per_89; Suet:Caes_2'1; { CAH_9'163.}
15 PAL Alexander Jannaeus returns to Judaea, after capturing many cities in the surrounding countries.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'105, ~:AJ_13'394-397, 14'18; { This expedition lasted for about three years.}
16 ETR The Romans capture Volaterrae after a long siege, during which C.Carbo is murdered.
* Read Granius' account
~[Liv]:Per_89; ~Strab_5'223;(2.6)  ValMax_9.7m'3; GranLic_32; { CAH_9'195=79; OCD_v.}
17 << The Romans capture Populonium.
Strab_5'223;(2.6)  { At about the same time as the siege of Volaterrae.}
18 BAE Sertorius defeats Fufidius by the river Baetis.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_1'95; ~Plut:Sert_12'4; { CAH_9'206.}
19 EXT Mithridates unsuccessfully attacks the Achaei, a tribe near Colchis.
* Read Memnon's account
Memn_26'4; ~Appian:Mith_67'
20 ROM Sulla decides not to stand for election as consul for the following year.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Planc_51; +Appian:BCiv_1'103.
21 Metellus supports Q.Calidius, who had helped Metellus' father in exile, as a candidate for praetor.
* Read Cicero's account
+Cic:Planc_69; +ValMax_5.2'7.
22 The brothers L. and M.Lucullus are elected to be aediles together.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Acad_2'1; Plut:Luc_1'8-9, :Mor_484'E.
23 == The harmonious consulship of Sulla and Metellus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Sull_6'9, :Mor_202'E; +Appian:BCiv_1'103; { OCD_s.}
24 == Cicero successfully defends Sex.Roscius on a charge of parricide.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:RoscAm_1-154, :Off_2'51; Quint_7.2'23; Plut:Cic_3'3-4; +Gell_15.28'2-6; [Vict]:VirIll_81'2; Hieron:Chron_1938; { CAH_9'205; OCD_r.}
25 << Sulla starts the restoration of the Capitol.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plin:HN_36'45; Tac:Hist_3'72; Plut:Publ_15'1-2.
26 == P.Junius takes over responsibility for the maintenance of the temple of Castor.
27 == A decree of the senate confirms grants of land made by Sulla to the sanctuary of Amphiaraus at Oropus.
Syll_747'22-26, '52-57.
27a << Document: OGIS_442, a decree confirming grants made by Sulla to the city of Tabae.
28 << The scholar Alexander Polyhistor is bought as a slave by Lentulus, but is afterwards given his freedom.
Suda_A'1129; { OCD_a.}
28a ?? Document: CIL_1.730, recording the dedication of a statue of 'the Roman people' by Mithridates Philopator.
28b ?? Document: CIL_1.808, recording a contract for repairs to the Via Caecilia.
28c ETR ?? Document: CIL_1.1523 & 1.1524, recording the construction of a fortress at Ferentinum.
29 << Sulla has a mosaic floor installed in the temple of Fortuna at Praeneste.
30 IT+ == Sulla releases some allied states from taxation.
31 << An impostor pretends to be the son of (?) Cn. Asinius Dio.
ValMax_9.15'5; { "Under Sulla's rule".}
32 ITA << Oppianicus murders his own sons, so that he is free to marry Sassia.
Cic:Clu_26-30; { Sassia's previous husband, A.Aurius, was murdered during the proscriptions.}
33 AS1 << Verres is sent as proquaestor to Dolabella in Cilicia, and loots various allied states on the way, including Aspendus, Delos, Lampsacus, Myndus, Samos, Sicyon, and Tenedos.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_1'2, '11, 2.1'41-90, '113; Schol:Bob_345-346;L  { MRR_2'57.}
34 SIC == M.Lepidus gains a bad reputation as governor of Sicily.
Cic:Verr_2.3'212; { CAH_9'206; MRR_2'56.}
35 CIL == The death, possibly by murder, of C.Malleolus, the quaestor of Dolabella.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.1'41, ~'90-94.
36 AEG == Document: Sherk_64,B  a letter of Cn.Dolabella to the people of Thasos.
37 == A decree of the senate confirms that the people of Chios will retain their full freedom and rights.
Syll_785'11-19<t=B  Sherk_108>.
38 AS1 ++ General remarks on the conduct of L.Lucullus in Asia.
Cic:Acad_2'1; { MRR_2'57.}
39 PHO ?? The poet Antipater of Sidon dies on his birthday.
ValMax_1.8e'16; Plin:HN_7'172; { ~OCD_a; Antipater was a contemporary of Catulus (consul 102 B.C.), and lived to a great age.}

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