77 B.C. Olympiad 175.4

Consuls: D. Junius D.f. Brutus, Mam. Aemilius Mam.f. Lepidus Livianus
Athenian archon: Seleucus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM Lepidus is declared a public enemy, after a speech in the senate by Philippus.
* Read Florus' account
Sall:Hist_1'65-67;L  Flor_2.11'7; +Hieron:Chron_1940; { CAH_9'209.}
2 The senate summons Lepidus back to Rome, and he marches towards the city.
* Read Livy's account
Sall:Hist_1'60-63;L  ~[Liv]:Per_90; ~Plut:Pomp_16'4; Flor_2.11'5; ~Appian:BCiv_1'107; Oros_5.24'16; { OCD_l.}
3 C.Caesar decides not to join Lepidus.
4 << Cn.Dolabella celebrates a triumph, for his victories in Macedonia.
Cic:Pis_44; { C9;790; OCD_d.}
5 SPA Sertorius sets up a rival "senate" of his supporters in Spain.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Sert_22'5-8; Appian:Hisp_101, :Mith_68, ~:BCiv_1'108; { ~OCD_s.}
6 << Sertorius wins the support of the Spanish leaders by his generosity, and sets up a school for their children at Osca.
7 Sertorius is rescued and carried to safety by his bodyguards after an unsuccessful attack on a city.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_1'112, 2'70;L  ~Plut:Sert_14'6.
8 AEG << Cicero studies rhetoric under Apollonius Molon in Rhodes.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Planc_84, :Brut_151, ~'316; ValMax_2.2'3; Quint_12.6'7; Plut:Cic_4'4-5, :Caes_3'1; Aelian:VH_12'25; [Vict]:VirIll_81'2;L  Schol:Bob_166.L 
9 ROM Catulus defeats Lepidus in a battle near the Campus Martius, and forces him to retreat back to Etruria.
* Read Appian's account
Sall:Hist_1.68, _3.34'9-10; ValMax_6.9'5; Flor_2.11'6-7; ~Appian:BCiv_1'107; Ampel_19'7; Eutrop_6.5'1; ~Oros_5.22'16; { CAH_9'209; OCD_l.}
10 Catulus provides a peaceful return to normal life at Rome after Lepidus' defeat, and new consuls are finally elected.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_1'75;L  ValMax_2.8'7; ~Plut:Pomp_16'1-2; Flor_2.11'8; Ampel_19'7; ~Oros_5.22'18.
11 CIS Cn.Pompeius is appointed to lead the government forces against Lepidus' supporters in Cisalpine Gaul.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Sull_34'9, ~:Pomp_16'3; { CAH_9'209.}
12 M.Brutus surrenders to Pompeius, and is killed near Mutina.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_1'70;L  ~[Liv]:Per_90; ValMax_6.2'8. Plut:Brut_4'1, '3, ~:Pomp_16'4-8, 64'5; Appian:BCiv_2'111; ~Oros_5.22'17; { CAH_9'209; OCD_b.}
13 Pompeius' soldiers slaughter the senators of Mediolanum.
Frontin:Str_1.9'3; { Frontinus does not indicate the date, but this seems a likely context.}
14 ETR Lepidus is defeated again, at Cosa.
* Read Lucan's account
Sall:Hist_1'71;L  Lucan_2'547, 8'808; Plut:Pomp_31'12; Exsuper_39; ~Oros_5.22'16.
15 Scipio is killed when the government forces capture Alba.
~Oros_5.22'17, 24'16; { CAH_9'209.}
16 SAR Lepidus escapes to Sardinia.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_1'72-73;L  ~[Liv]:Per_90; Plut:Pomp_16'9; [Vict]:VirIll_77'3;L  Exsuper_39.
17 ROM Cicero returns to Rome.
* Read Cicero's account
~Cic:Brut_316, '318;L  !Hieron:Chron_1938; { ~OCD_c.}
18 GAL << The proconsul L.Manlius and his legate L.Valerius are defeated in Aquitania.
Caes:BGall_3.20'1; { MRR_2'61.}
19 SPA << Sertorius wears down Metellus by using guerrilla tactics.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Sert_12'5-13'6, 18'1; ~Oros_5.23'5.
20 CAP << Tigranes invades Cappadocia with an overwhelming force.
Appian:Mith_67; { ~CAH_9'232; after the death of Sulla.}
20b EXT << After the death of Arshak, his son Artoces becomes king of the Iberians.
ChronGeorg_4; { Traditional date, according to C.Toumanoff.}
20c BOS << Document: SEG_55.855, recording the dedication of a wall at Olbia by a general of Mithridates.
21 MAC Appius Claudius and his legate Fonteius defend Macedonia against raids from the Thracian tribes living near Mt.Rhodope.
* Read Livy's account
Cic:Font_44; Sall:Hist_1'120-121;L  ~[Liv]:Per_91; Flor_1.39'6; Obseq_59; Festus:Brev_9'2; ~Eutrop_6.2'1; AmmMarc_27.4'10; ~Oros_5.23'17-19; { ~OCD_c; MRR_2'63-64.}
22 ILL Cosconius defeats the Illyrians and captures Salonae.
* Read Eutropius' account
Cic:Clu_97; Sall:Hist_2'38;L  Eutrop_6.4'1; ~Oros_5.23'1, '23; { MRR_2'61; Cosconius captured Salonae after two years of fighting.}
23 Bulbus attempts to stir up unrest in Cosconius' army.
24 SAR Triarius fights against Lepidus in Sardinia.
* Read Exsuperantius' account
Ascon_19; Exsuper_40; { MRR_2'63-64.}
25 ROM ?? Lepidus decorates his house at Rome in magnificent style.
Plin:HN_35'12, 36'49, '109.
26 SAR Lepidus commits suicide, according to some because of the distress caused by his separation from his wife Appuleia.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Cat_3'24; ~[Liv]:Per_90; Plin:HN_7'122, '186; ~Plut:Pomp_16'9; Flor_2.11'7; ~Appian:BCiv_1'107; Exsuper_41.
27 CIL Servilius captures the stronghold at Olympus of the pirate Zenicetes, who commits suicide.
* Read Strabo's account
Cic:Verr_2.5'79; Sall:Hist_1'116;L  Strab_14'671;(5.7)  Oros_5.23'22; { CAH_9'232; MRR_2'63.}
28 SPA Perperna takes the remainder of Lepidus' army to Spain, to fight alongside Sertorius.
* Read Appian's account
Sall:Hist_2'15;L  ~Plut:Sert_15'1-2; Suet:Caes_5'1; Appian:BCiv_1'107,(↓)  '108; Exsuper_42; Oros_5.24'16; { CAH_9'217; OCD_p.}
29 Sertorius captures Contrebia and other towns.
* Read Livy's account
Liv_fr'18;L  ~[Liv]:Per_91; { McGushin_1'180-181.}
30 SPA Sertorius retires to his winter camp at Castra Aelia.
31 ROM Pompeius is appointed to share the command with Metellus in the war against Sertorius; L.Philippus says he is being sent "instead of the consuls".
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:LegMan_62, :Phil_11'18; Sall:Hist_2'16-20,L  _2.82'4; ~[Liv]:Per_91; ValMax_8.15'8; Plut:Pomp_13'9, ~17'1'4; Appian:Hisp_101, :BCiv_1'80,(↓)  ~'108;(↓)  DioCass_36.25'3, 27'4; [Vict]:VirIll_77'4;L  Eutrop_6.1'2; ~Oros_5.23'8; { CAH_9'210; OCD_p.}
32 An omen for the wife of D.Laelius - two snakes appear in her bed.
33 == M.Terpilius is regarded as contemptible for his behaviour while tribune of the plebs.
34 == The death of T.Quinticius Atta, a writer of Roman dramas.
35 == Cn.Dolabella is prosecuted by C.Caesar on a charge of extortion in Macedonia; he is defended by Hortensius, and is acquitted.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Cic:Brut_317; Vell_2.43'3; ValMax_8.9'3; Ascon_26,L  74;L  Quint_12.6'1; Plut:Caes_4'1-2; Suet:Caes_4'1, 55'1; [Vict]:VirIll_78'2;L  { CAH_9'210.}
36 == Hortensius speaks in defence of Canuleius.
~Cic:Brut_317; { Soon after Cicero's return to Rome.}
37 == Q.Calidius is brought to trial and convicted, despite his friendship with Metellus.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_1'38, :Planc_69-70; { MRR_2'60.}
38 == Mamercus overrules the praetor Cn.Orestes to deprive Genucius, a "gallus", of his inheritance.
39 Cicero quickly establishes a reputation as an orator, after his return to Rome.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Cic:Brut_316; Plut:Cic_5'1-4.
40 PER << The accession of Sinatroces, as king of Parthia.
~Lucian:Macr_15<q" IsidChar_3>; { OCD_arsacids; OHIH_p391.}
41 CIS == The birth of M.Minucius Felix of Veleiatium, who is said to have lived to be at least 150 years old.
~Plin:HN_7'163; { He was recorded as 150 years old in the census of 74 A.D.}

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