73 B.C. Olympiad 176.4

Consuls: M. Terentius M.f. Varro Lucullus, C. Cassius L.f. Longinus

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1 NAR << Pompeius spends the winter in Gaul, where supplies are provided to him by the governor Fonteius.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Font_16; Sall:Hist_3'33;L  { MRR_2'73.}
2 SPA << Some mountains near Corduba suddenly collapse.
Sall:Hist_3'32;L  { McGushin_2'85.}
3 ROM C.Cotta dies before he is able to celebrate a triumph.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Pis_62; Ascon_14;L (↓)  { MRR_2'77.}
4 AS1 << Mithridates' generals defeat the Romans under Cotta near Chalcedon.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Mur_33; Sall:Hist_3'12-13,L  _4.67'13; ~[Liv]:Per_93; CIL_11.1832; Memn_27'7-8, 29'1; Plut:Luc_8'1-2; ~Appian:Mith_71; ~Eutrop_6.6'2; ~Oros_6.2'13; { CAH_9'235; OCD_c.}
5 << Lucullus assembles his army and imposes strict discipline.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_3'9;L  ~Plut:Luc_7'1-3; ~Appian:Mith_72; { CAH_9'234; Green_654.}
6 << Lucullus attempts to stifle rebellion in the cities of Asia, which Mithridates is encouraging.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Sert_24'4-5, ~:Luc_7'6-7; Flor_1.40'13-14; ~Eutrop_6.6'2.
7 SPA Sertorius takes harsh measures to stop his allies from deserting.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_38.22'2, [37].22a'1; ~[Liv]:Per_92; ~Plut:Sert_25'1-6; ~Appian:BCiv_1'112, '113; { CAH_9'219; McGushin_2'127.}
8 ITA Spartacus leads a band of 74 gladiators who escape from a training school at Capua; the start of Spartacus' revolt.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Att_6.2'8; Sall:Hist_3'60-61;L  ~[Liv]:Per_95; Vell_2.30'5; Tac:Ann_15'46; ~Plut:Crass_8'1-3; Flor_2.8'3; ~Appian:BCiv_1'116; Eutrop_6.7'2; August:DeCiv_3'26, 5'22; +Oros_5.24'1; { CAH_9'221; OCD_s.}
9 SIC Verres arrives as governor of Sicily, and immediately makes clear his intention to exploit the province.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:DivCaec_11, 29, :Verr_1'13, '40, _2.1'117, ~2'17-18, 3'97; { CAH_9'791; OCD_v.}
10 Verres stops Dion of Halaesa from receiving an inheritance.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.1'27-28, ~2'19-24.
11 AS1 << Lucullus rescues Cotta by raising the siege of Chalcedon.
* Read Plutarch's account
CIL_11.1832; ~Plut:Luc_8'3-8; [Vict]:VirIll_74'4.L 
12 ITA Spartacus brings his followers down from Vesuvius and defeats the praetor Glaber.
* Read Plutarch's account
~[Liv]:Per_95; Frontin:Str_1.5'21, 7'6; ~Plut:Crass_9'1-3; Flor_2.8'4; ~Appian:BCiv_1'116; +Oros_5.24'1; { CAH_9'221.}
13 Spartacus holds funeral games for a woman killed in the fighting.
* Read Florus' account
Flor_2.8'9; ~Oros_5.24'3.
14 SPA The Romans win over many Spanish towns.
* Read Livy's account
[Liv]:Per_94; ~Appian:BCiv_1'113; { C9;219.}
15 SIC Pirates attack the coast of Sicily, and defeat Cleomenes of Syracuse, who has been put in command of some ships by Verres.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.2'8, 3'213, 4'21-26, 5'42-125, '133-135, '138; Sall:Hist_4'54.L 
16 MOE {August -R} Curio defeats the Dardani.
* Read Livy's account
Sall:Hist_3'91-92;L  ~[Liv]:Per_95; AmmMarc_29.5'22; { MRR_2'77; McGushin_2'136; Sallust mentions some fighting at the time of the Volcanalia.}
17 AS1 << An omen at Cyzicus: a fig-tree grows out of a laurel.
18 << Mithridates advances to Cyzicus and starts to besiege it.
* Read Strabo's account
Sall:Hist_3'14;L  Strab_12'575-576;(8.11)  ~Plut:Luc_9'1; Flor_1.40'15; Eutrop_6.6'3; { OCD_c.}
19 << Lucullus arrives at Cyzicus, and occupies a strong position blocking Mithridates' only route out.
* Read Appian's account
Sall:Hist_3'15-23;L  Frontin:Str_3.13'6, 4.5'21; Memn_28'1; ~Plut:Luc_9'2-8; Flor_1.40'16; ~Appian:Mith_72-73; ~Oros_6.2'14.
20 << Deiotarus defeats the army of Mithridates in Phrygia.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_94; ~Appian:Mith_75;(↓)  ~Oros_6.2'18; { CAH_9'236.}
21 << Lucullus quells unrest in his army over his policy of avoiding battle.
22 ITA Spartacus defeats two more Roman commanders, Furius and Cossinius.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_3'63;L  ~Plut:Crass_9'4-5.
23 Spartacus slips away safely when another praetor, P.Varinius, confronts him with a larger army.
* Read Sallust's account
Sall:Hist_3'64A-64C; Frontin:Str_1.5'22.
24 ITA Spartacus decisively defeats Varinius.
* Read Sallust's account
Sall:Hist_3'64D-67; ~[Liv]:Per_95; ~Plut:Crass_9'5; Flor_2.8'5; ~Appian:BCiv_1'116; { CAH_9'221.}
25 ROM {16 Oct -R} Document: Syll_747, a decree of the senate exempting the sanctuary of Amphiaraus at Oropus from paying tax.
26 EGY {15 Phaophi -E = 24 Oct} Document: SelPap_1.40 (POxy_1628), a lease of land to Apollonius, near Sepho.
27 ITA Spartacus gathers a large army of about 70,000 slaves.
* Read Florus' account
~Plut:Crass_9'5-6; Flor_2.8'6-8; ~Appian:BCiv_1'116;(↓)  ~Oros_5.24'2; { CAH_9'221; OCD_s.}
28 ROM == The consuls pass the Lex Terentia Cassia, a corn law.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.3'163, 5'52; Sall:Hist_3.34'19; { CAH_9'214; OCD_t.}
29 == The tribune Macer makes a speech encouraging the Roman people to recover their rights which were taken away by Sulla.
Sall:Hist_3.34'1-28; { CAH_9'214; OCD_m.}
30 ?? C.Caesar spends freely and runs up large debts in order to increase his popularity.
31 Caesar returns to Rome after being appointed pontifex in place of C.Cotta.
Vell_2.43'1-2; { OCD_c.}
32 Caesar establishes a reputation as a good speaker, after returning to Rome.
33 SIC Two Syrian princes are robbed by Verres on their way back from Rome.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.4'60-71, 5'184; { ~CAH_9'318; the princes had stayed at Rome for two years.}
34 == Diodorus of Melita escapes from Sicily after Verres attempts to seize his possessions.
35 PON Cotta dismisses Oppius from his post as pro-quaestor.
* Read Dio's account
Sall:Hist_3'41-42;L  Quint_5.10'69, 13'17, '20; DioCass_36.40'3; { MRR_2'77.}
36 AS1 << A black ox miraculously appears at Cyzicus for a sacrifice to the goddess Persephone, who sends a storm to destroy Mithridates' siege engines.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Luc_10'1-4; ~Appian:Mith_74-75; ~Obseq_60a.
37 << Lucullus defeats Mithridates' cavalry as they withdraw by the river Rhyndacus, where the Romans see the king's camels for the first time.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_3'28-29;L  ~[Liv]:Per_94; Memn_28'1; ~Plut:Luc_11'3-6; ~Appian:Mith_75; AmmMarc_23.6'56; ~Oros_6.2'15; { CAH_9'235.}
38 ROM ?? M.Cato takes Antipater of Tyre as his companion, makes his first public speech to protect the Basilica Porcia, and marries Atilia.
39 == L.Catilina is accused of defiling a Vestal called Fabia, but he is acquitted through the influence of Catulus.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Cic:Cat_3.9; Ascon_91;L  Plut:CatMin_19'5-6; Oros_6.3'1; { MRR_2'79.}
40 ?? Catilina is reputed to have committed adultery with his future mother-in-law.
Ascon_91-92.L (↓) 
41 ?? L.Catilina marries Orestilla, allegedly after murdering his own son to please her.
* Read Sallust's account
Sall:Cat_15'1-5; ValMax_9.1'9; Appian:BCiv_2'2.
42 ?? P.Servilius Rullus is regarded as extravagant because he serves a whole boar for a banquet.
Plin:HN_8'210; { Rullus' son was tribune of the plebs in 63 B.C.}
43 AEG Document: Sherk_71d-f,B  inscriptions put up by Milesian and Smyrnaean sailors in honour of C.Valerius Triarius.
44 ETR Document: Sherk_69B  (OGIS_445), an inscription put up by the Mysians in honour of C.Salluvius Naso.

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