39 B.C. Olympiad 185.2

Consuls: L. Marcius L.f. Censorinus , C. Calvisius C.f. Sabinus
Athenian archon: (?) Diocles

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM {1 January} The triumph of Censorinus, from Macedonia.
2 EGY {18 Phamenoth -E = March} Document: OGIS_194, a decree in honour of Callimachus, the governor of the Thebaid.
3 ROM The triumvirs appoint the consuls for subsequent years.
* Read Dio's account
Appian:BCiv_5'75; +DioCass_48.34'1-35'3, 50.10'1.
4 SIC Sextus Pompeius distrusts Murcus, and has him killed.
Appian:BCiv_5'69-70; { CAH_10'20; OCD_m.}
5 CIL Ventidius drives Labienus out of Asia Minor, and defeats him near the Cilician Gates.
* Read Dio's account
+Syll_322'E; [Liv]:Per_127; Frontin:Str_2.5'36; Plut:Ant_33'6; +DioCass_48.39'2-40'6; Macrob:Sat_1.11'18.L 
6 ILL Asinius Pollio defeats the Parthini.
Verg:Ecl_8'6-8; Flor_2.25'11; +DioCass_48.41'7; { It is unclear whether Pollio conducted wider military operations in Dalmatia at this time.}
7 ITA The treaty of Misenum, between the triumvirs and Sextus Pompeius.
* Read Appian's account
[Liv]:Per_127; Tac:Ann_1'10, '51; Plut:Ant_32'1-8; Suet:Aug_16'1, :Tib_4'3; Flor_2.18'4-5; Appian:BCiv_5'71-74; +DioCass_48.36'1-38'3; [Vict]:VirIll_84'3;L  Oros_6.18'20; Suda_P'2025; { CAH_10'20.}
7a EGY {July} Imhotep-Pedubast is appointed high priest of Memphis.
AET_4.23; { Bennett, Imhotep-Pedubast.}
8 CIL Ventidius defeats the Parthians on Mount Amanus.
* Read Dio's account
Strab_16'751;(2.8)  Frontin:Str_2.5'37; +DioCass_48.41'1-4; { CAH_10'21; OCD_v.}
9 PAL Ventidius recovers Syria, and puts Silo in charge of the Roman army in Judaea.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'286-289, :AJ_14'390-393; +DioCass_48.41'4-5.
10 GRE Antonius leaves Italy and returns to Greece, where he stays in Athens.
Seneca:Suas_1'6-7; Plut:Ant_33'1-5; +DioCass_48.39'1-2; { OCD_10'21.}
10a ASI Document: IAph_8.26, a decree of the triumvirs concerning the city of Aphrodisias.
10b {2 October} Document: IAph_8.27 & 8.28, a resolution of the Roman senate granting privileges to Aphrodisias.
11 ROM {25 October} The triumph of Pollio, over the Parthini.
* Read Fasti's account
Hor:Od_2.1'15-16; #FastTr_p109; Hieron:Chron_2020; { This may possibly have occurred in 38 B.C., rather than this year.}
12 PAL Herodes re-enters Judaea, and joins Silo outside Jerusalem.
Joseph:BJ_1'290-302, :AJ_14'394-412.
13 GRE The birth of Antonia Major, the daughter of Antonius and Octavia.
Plut:Ant_33'5; { OCD_a.}
14 ROM Octavianus divorces Scribonia, on the same day that their daughter Julia is born.
* Read Suetonius' account
Suet:Aug_62'2, 69'1; +DioCass_48.34'3; [Vict]:Epit_1'23; Macrob:Sat_2.5'2;L  { OCD_s.}
15 Vibius Maximus, a quaestor designate, is identified as a slave and reclaimed by his master.
DioCass_48.34'5; !Hieron:Chron_1976; { MRR_2'256.}
16 GRE Antonius confirms Polemon, Amyntas, and others as dependant kings in the east.
Strab_12'578,(8.16)  14'672;(5.10)  Appian:BCiv_5'75; { OCD_p.}
17 PAL Herodes conquers Galilee.
~Joseph:BJ_1'303-308, :AJ_13'413-419.
18 ROM == Occia is appointed to be the priestess of Vesta at Rome.
~Tac:Ann_2'86; { Occia was priestess for 57 years, and died in 19 A.D.}

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