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Ancient Egyptian Texts


The extensive collection of ancient Egyptian texts, which used to be available on the reshafim.org.il website, is gradually being copied to here. At the same time, some other translations of demotic texts (mostly without notes) have been added to the collection. These are flagged with a *.

The texts that have been transferred so far, all belonging to the 8th century B.C. or later, are listed below, together with some background information.   There is a large collection of texts from earlier periods of Egyptian history in the St Andrews Corpus.



Mythology, hymns, magic and dreams

•   The Legend of Horus of Behutet and the Winged Disk (Ptolemaic Period)   - 1912

•   The Legend of Re and Isis   - Budge, 1912

•   Incantations against reptiles and noxious creatures in general   - Budge, 1912

•   The book of the victory over Seth   - Schott, 1929

•   Two versions of the creation myth   - Budge

•   Hymn to Hathor: the Egyptian agricultural cycle   - After S. Sauneron

•   The Famine Stela (Ptolemaic Period)   - translated by M. Lichtheim, G. Roeder, 1923

•   The Demotic Magical Papyrus of London and Leiden (3rd century A.D.)   - translated by F. Ll. Griffith, 1904

•   * Dreams of Ḥor (2nd century B.C.)   - J. D. Ray

•   Fragment of a Demotic dreambook (Roman Period)   - After the transcription and German translation on the Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae website


Tales, cartoons

•   The Bentresh Stela   - Breasted 1906

•   * The First Tale of Setne Khamwas: Setne and Naneferkaptah   - M. Lichtheim

•   The Second Demotic Tale of Khamuas: Prince Khamuas and Si-Osiri   - F. Ll. Griffith, 1900


Teachings, instructions, 'wisdom' literature

•   Demotic papyrus of moral precepts (Ptolemaic Period)   - T. Deveria

•   * The Instruction of Ankhsheshonq   - M. Lichtheim


Biographies, memorials

•   The stela of Rudamen (23th dynasty : 8th century B.C.)   - J. Berlandini

•   The inscription of the general Psamtik (7th/6th century B.C.)   - J. J. Clère

•   The inscription of Nesuhor (26th dynasty : 6th century B.C.)   - J. H. Breasted

•   The stela of Besmut (26th dynasty : 6th century B.C.)   - R. el Sayed

•   The inscription of Udjahorresne (26th dynasty : 6th century B.C.)   - P. Le Page Renouf

•   The petition of Pediese (6th century B.C.)

•   The biographical inscription of Petosiris (4th century B.C.)   - M. Lichtheim

•   The inscription of Hor-nefer (c. 300 B.C.)   - H. Wild


Documents, records, and letters concerning legal, economic, and personal matters

•   Aramaic Papyri from Elephantine (27th dynasty : 5th century B.C.)   - Pritchard ANE

•   The Naukratis Decree (380 B.C.)   - G. Maspero; M. Lichtheim

•   The Demotic Legal Code of Hermopolis West: Annuity and inheritance laws (Ptolemaic Period)   - Girgis Mattha

•   A taxcollectors' oath (3rd century B.C.)

•   Procès verbal from the Ptolemaic Period (2nd century B.C.)   - Herbert Thompson

•   Marriage contracts (Graeco-Roman Period)

•   * Appeal against a cruel father (Ptolemaic Period )   - G.R. Hughes

•   * Bilingual letter from Ptolemaeus to Achilles (3rd century B.C.)

•   Allotment of crown lands to soldiers and their rents (2nd century B.C.)   - Herbert Thompson

•   Documents concerning Ptolemaic religious associations (2nd century B.C.)

•   Demotic papyri relating to economic aspects of religious life in the Ptolemaic Period   - Herbert Thompson

•   Graeco-Roman tax-receipts   - Sten V. Wangstedt


Historical, political writings, official accounts, decrees

•   The Stela of Piye (25th dynasty : 8th century B.C.)   - J. H. Breasted

•   The adoption stela of Nitocris, daughter of Psamtik I (26th dynasty : 7th century B.C.)   - J. H. Breasted

•   The stela of Ankhenesneferibre (26th dynasty : 6th century B.C.)   - J. H. Breasted

•   Decree of the satrap Ptolemy Lagides (311 B.C.)   - S. M. Drach

•   The Great Mendes Stela (264 B.C.)   - S. Birch

•   The Canopus Decree (238 B.C.)   - S. Birch

•   The Greek section of the Rosetta Stone (196 B.C.)

•   Translations of the Greek and demotic sections of the Rosetta Stone (196 B.C.)

•   Decrees of King Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (118 B.C.)

•   The potter's oracle (Ptolemaic Period)


Additional Texts

•   * Breathing Permit of Hr   (Ptolemaic Period)   - R. Ritner

•   The last funerary stela of a Buchis bull (340 A.D.)   - After Jean-Claude Grenier


Background information

• •   Dynasties XXI to XXXI : The rule of the foreigners

• •   The Graeco-Roman Period: The Hellenists

• •   Transliteration and pronunciation of ancient Egyptian



English translations of Ptolemaic inscriptions can be found elsewhere on this website.



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