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Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum: 630


THE AMPHICTYONS HONOUR EUMENES II

Greek text:   FD_3.3.261
Date:     182 B.C.

The wording of this decree is similar to the decree of the Aetolians ( Syll_629 ), but scholars have noticed that the Amphictyons were careful to add several complimentary references to the Romans in their decree.


When Demosthenes [was archon at Delphi], a decree of the Amphictyons: [since king Eumenes, inheriting] from his father king Attalos both piety [towards the gods and] goodwill towards the Amphictyons, and retaining his father's friendship [towards the Romans], is always bringing about [some] good for the Greeks, [sharing] in their dangers on behalf of their common security; and he has given gifts to many of the [Greek] cities in order to preserve their existing (?) good order; and for this reason the Romans also, observing his inclination, have increased his kingdom, because they consider that those kings who plot against the Greeks should meet with a fitting punishment, but those kings who have not been [responsible] for any wrong should be deemed worthy by them of the greatest trust; and he has sent out theoroi to urge the Amphictyons to join in recognising the temple of Athene Nikephoros as inviolable, and to accept the games that he has decided to hold, with a prize of crowns equal to the Pythian games for the musical contest, and equal to the Olympic games for the gymnastic and horse-racing contests; and the theoroi described the goodwill that the king continually has towards all the Greeks in general and individually towards each of the cities; [therefore in order that the] Amphictyons may be seen to comply with the requests [and to honour] those kings who, retaining their [friendship] towards our common [benefactors] the Romans, regularly bring about some good for the Greeks; with [good] fortune, [it is resolved] by the Amphictyons to praise king Eumenes son of king Attalos, and to crown with the sacred laurel wreath of Pythian Apollo, with which it is customary to crown the benefactors of the Amphictyons, on account of his virtue and his goodwill towards the Greeks; and to set up a bronze statue of him on horseback in Delphi; and to recognise the temple of Athene Nikephoros near Pergamon as inviolable for all time, within the boundaries defined by king Eumenes, and that no-one can be seized from the defined area (?) in consequence of [a private contract], either in war or in peacetime; and to accept the [Nikephoria] games with a prize of crowns, [which king Eumenes is holding; and in regard to the rewards and all the other matters written in the laws, the] musical contest shall be equal [to the Pythian games, and the gymnastic] and horse-racing contests shall be equal [to the Olympic games. This] decree [shall be inscribed] in Delphi [on the base] of the statue of [his father Attalos], and in Pergamon [in the temple] of Athene Nikephoros; the award of the [king's] crown and the recognition of the inviolability of the temple [shall be announced at the Pythian and Soteria] games.

inscription 631


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