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Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum: 627


A TREATY BETWEEN KING EUMENES AND THE CRETANS

Greek text:   IC_4.179
Date:     183 B.C.
Format:   see key to translations

Like his father Attalos (see Inscr_100 ), Eumenes II no doubt considered the Cretan cities to be a useful source of mercenaries to strengthen his army.   But following the division of power in the Treaty of Apameia, Crete came unofficially within the sphere of influence of Rhodes, and so the Rhodians may have viewed this treaty as a threat to their interests.


[A] With good fortune. On these terms friendship and alliance was agreed, between both themselves and their descendants for all time, by king Eumenes and the Cretans, namely: the Gortynians, Knosians, Phaistians, Lyttians, Rhaukians, Hierapytnians, Eleuthernaians, Aptaraians, Polyrrhenians, Sybritians, Lappaians, Axians, Priansians, Allariotans, Arkadians, Keraïtans, Praisians, Latians, Biannians, Mallaians, Eronians, Chersonasians, Apolloniatans, Elyrians, Hyrtakinians, Eltynaians, Anōpolitans, Eradennians, Istronians, Tarrhaians and . . .; as king Eumenes reckons, in the fourteenth year of his reign in the month of Panemos, and as the Cretans reckon, when Sa... and others were kosmoi at Gortyn.

[B] . . . [whatever] king Eumenes agreed; and [if] they have [need] in the wars that occur of [allies] or food or armour or weapons, they shall help in achieving [this], and shall send cavalrymen, giving them pay for as [long as] they render service; and of those who are assembled to provide assistance, those who are willing to serve king Eumenes [and] his descendants shall obey their orders by [agreement] in [whatever] they command, and those in Crete shall obey the leaders of the Cretans; and if anyone disobeys the instructions of king [Eumenes] and his descendants [and of the leaders of the Cretans], they shall pay . . .

inscription 628


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