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Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum: 1012


SALE OF PRIESTHOOD OF DIONYSOS THYLLOPHOROS ON KOS

Greek text:   IG_12.4.1.326
Date:   c. 100-50 B.C.
Format:   see key to translations

This is one of two surviving inscriptions that offer the priesthood of Dionysos Thyllophoros for sale; the other is dated to slightly before or after 200 B.C. ( Greek text: IG_12.4.1.304 ). For the meaning of 'consecration' in ancient Kos, see S. Paul in "Cities and Priests", p. 254 ( Google Books ).


[When] N... was monarchos, on the [six]teenth day of the month of Batromios; with good [fortune; these terms] were drawn up by the presidents - Nikandros son of Mikon, Hagesis son of Epikouros, Archedamas son of ...adas, Euaratos son of Eukarpos and Philiskos son of Euaratos - and the secretary of the council, Euaratos son of Diokles. The pōlētai shall put up for sale the priesthood of Dionysos Thyllophoros, on the sixteenth day of the month of Batromios. The woman who buys it shall be healthy and unmaimed, and not younger than ten years old; 10 and she shall act as priestess throughout her life. She shall pay the due sum in two instalments, the first in the month of Batromios in the year of the current monarchos, on or before the thirtieth day, and the second on or before the fourteenth day of the month of Geraistios in the year of the current monarchos; the payments shall be made to the presidents and the treasurers. If she does not pay the instalment within the prescribed time, the presidents and the treasurers shall report her for the [praktores] to exact double the amount. 20 The city shall [consecrate] the priestess, and the treasurers shall pay for the cost of this; so that the priestess may be consecrated in accordance with custom, the pōlētai shall let out a contract. It shall be permitted for the priestess to appoint another citizen as an assistant priestess; but it shall [not] be permitted for any other woman to act as priestess or to perform rites for Dionysos Thyllophoros, except whichever woman the priestess appoints in each deme. If anyone in contravention of this acts as priestess or [performs rites], it shall be permitted for the guardian of the priestess and anyone else who wishes to report the woman performing rites to the council, as one who is harming the city. 30 Whoever is convicted by the city of wrongly performing rites or acting as priestess, shall pay a fine of 500 drachmas; of this sum, half shall belong to the person who reported her, and the other half shall be registered by the presidents as owed by her . . . if they do not register her, [they themselves shall owe] . . .

. . . fees for the priestess 5 drachmas, 60 and . . . ; the priestess shall provide everything required to the initiates. From the victims [that are sacrificed] to Dionysos Thyllophoros, [the sacrificer] shall give [as perquisites to the] priestess [a leg and hide] and three obols for full-grown sheep, and the head [and feet and hide] and a drachma for year-old sheep; from what is placed [on the] table for the god, half shall belong to the priestess; if anyone does not hand over [the perquisites as] prescribed, their [sacrifice] shall be unfulfilled. [The priestess] shall [place] all the sacrifices on the altar [or] the assistant priestess, if [the priestess appoints one]. The [woman who purchases] the priesthood shall [make payments] to the supervisors . . . [of the] Antigoneion [every] year 70 for the upkeep [of the temple] . . . [if she] does not make a payment . . . [The pōlētai] shall let out a contract to inscribe [this] ordinance [on a stone stele and] set it up in the temple [of the Twelve Gods, and the cost that arises for] performing this . . .


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