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Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum: 418


THE AMPHICTYONS HONOUR SOKRATES AND ALEXEINIDES

Greek text:   CID_4.25 ,   FD_3.3.186 ,   FD_3.3.187
Date:     272-270 B.C.
Format:   see key to translations

This inscription illustrates the international character of visitors to Delphi: a citizen of Knidos in Caria and a citizen of Elis living in Aetolia were rewarded by the Amphictyons and the city of Delphi for detecting a crime committed by a citizen of Soloi in Cilicia. Scholars have noticed that the second of these men is called a citizen 'of Elis, resident in Aetolia' in the decree of the Amphictyons, but simply a citizen 'of Elis' in the later decree of Elis. It is possible that he had returned home following the assassination of Aristotimos, tyrant of Elis; see J.B.Scholten, "Politics of Plunder", pp.56-57 ( Google Books ).


[A] In the year of Eudokos as archon, at the autumn assembly, with the following men acting as hieromnemon:

Since Sokrates of Knidos, the son of Telesias, and Alexeinides of Elis (resident in Aetolia), the son of Philonides, have reported the loss of sacred money to the god, and bringing the case to the hieromnemones they revealed the location of the money and convicted Zenon of Soloi with a fine of 10,000 staters, therefore it is resolved by the hieromnemones to grant to Sokrates and Alexeinides priority in receiving justice, security and the same rights for themselves and their descendants as are awarded to the others who have been given priority in receiving justice, because they have manifestly acted well towards the god, as he deserves.

[B] Gods. The Delphians granted to Sokrates of Knidos, the son of Telesias, both for himself and for his descendants, proxeny, priority in consulting the oracle, privileged seating at games, priority in receiving justice, inviolability, freedom from all taxes and all the other rights which are awarded to proxenoi and benefactors. When the archon was Straton and the members of the council were Lyson, Amynandros and Timogenes.

[C] The Delphians granted to Alexeinides of Elis, the son of Philonides, both for himself and for his descendants . . . {the rest is identical to B}

inscription 419


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