Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum: 409


Greek text:   IG_2².682   ( see also IG_2³.1.985 )
Date:     c. 255/4 B.C.
Tags:     autonomy ,   democracy ,   freedom
Format:   see key to translations

For the career of Phaidros, see T.L.Shear, "Kallias of Sphettos and the Revolt of Athens", pp. 9-11 ( Google Books ) and P.Harding, "Athens Transformed, 404262 BC", pp. 96-7 ( Google Books ). Because the beginning of the decree has been lost, its date is not known for certain.

. . . which were in the alliance of our enemies; and his son Thymochares, the father of Phaidros, when he was elected general of the navy, sailed out with the ships that the people sent to accompany [the Macedonian expedition] to Asia, and took part in the war in Cyprus, and captured Hagnon of Teos along with his ships; and when Praxiboulos was archon {315/4 B.C.}, 10 after Glauketes sacked Kythnos and took away the boats from there, he captured the city and Glauketes himself along with the boats; and when Kassandros besieged Oreos, he was sent out as general with the ships from the city of Athens, and he interceded for the citizens, who were sailing on the ships, with the result that the Athenians alone of all the allies did not have to contribute towards the operations during the siege.

Phaidros himself, having the same disposition as his ancestors, 20 continually showed himself equal to them in his goodwill towards the people; and when Nikias was archon {296/5 B.C.}, he was twice elected general responsible for military preparations, and took good and honourable care of everything that was required; he was elected general in the local territory several times, and served abroad on three occasions, showing great concern that the soldiers should be equipped as well as possible, so that they could perform their duty for the people; he was sent as envoy to the previous king Ptolemaios, and brought back provisions and money for the people; 30 he was elected as general of the hoplites by the people in the year when Kimon was archon {288/7 B.C.}, and made continual efforts on behalf of the public safety, while the city was embroiled in difficult circumstances, by constantly advocating the most effective policy; he was responsible for bringing in the corn and the other produce from the countryside, and he advised the people to complete . . . he handed on to his successors a city which was free, democratically ruled and autonomous, with its laws intact 40 . . . he continually said and did whatever he could to benefit the people . . . he was elected general of the hoplites by the people in the year when Xenophon was archon {287/6 B.C.}, and throughout he acted according to the laws and the decrees of the council and the people . . .

50 . . . he was elected agonothete by the people in the year when Nikias was archon {282/1 B.C.}, and he took care that the sacrifices should all be performed as is customary and that the games should be as splendid as possible, and worthy of the honourable character of the people; and later, when his son Thymochares was elected agonothete in the year of Euboulos as archon {? 265/4 B.C.}, he joined with his son in taking care of all his duties, showing in everything how much goodwill he held towards the people; 60 and he performed all his other offices honourably, and he shared in all the voluntary contributions that were requested by the people; and on account of all of this, he was crowned by the council and the people.

Therefore, so that the people may be seen to praise good and noteworthy men, with good fortune it is resolved by the people that the presidents, who have been elected to hold office among the people, when the days appointed by law arrive, shall raise this matter, 70 and submit the recommendation of the council to the people, that it is resolved by the council to praise Phaidros of Sphettos, son of Thyromachos, and to crown him with a gold crown according to the traditional custom, on account of his virtue and the goodwill which he has continually held towards the Athenian people; and the award of the crown shall be proclaimed at the great Dionysia, during the contest of the tragedians, and in the great Panathenaia, during the gymnastic contest; the official in charge of finance shall be responsible for the making of the crown and for the proclamation. 80 The people shall put up a bronze statue of him in the agora. He and the eldest of his descendants shall be provided with meals in the prytaneion in perpetuity, along with privileged seating at all the games that the city holds. The people shall forthwith elect three Athenians, to take care of the manufacture of the statue and its erection. The secretary of the prytany shall inscribe this decree on a stone stele and place it next to the statue; 90 and the official in charge of finance shall allocate funds for the costs of the inscription on the stele.

Lyandros of Anaphlystos, the son of Lysiadas, proposed: with good fortune, it is resolved by the people that everything else should be done concerning the award that Phaidros requested, according to the previous decree that Lyandros proposed; and the thesmothetes shall submit the confirmation of this award to the court of justice, as is customary; and the men elected to take care of the erection of the statue are: Thymochares of Sphettos, 100 Menon of Acharnai and Straton of Sphettos.

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