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Sylloge Inscriptionum Graecarum: 402


A CHIAN DECREE ABOUT THE SOTERIA GAMES, FOUND AT DELPHI

Greek text:   FD_3.3.215
Date:     249/8 B.C.
Format:   see key to translations

In about 249 B.C. the Aetolians relaunched the Soteria festival at Delphi as panhellenic games, and sent out envoys to invite other Greek states to join in the games. The invitation was soon accepted by the Chians, who enjoyed a particularly close relationship with the Aetolians in the 3rd century B.C.; see J.B.Scholten, "The Politics of Plunder", pp.99-100 & 106 ( Google Books ).


As proposed by the polemarch for the month, Melesippos son of Philo..., and [the exetastes for the month], Apollonides son of Angeliskos; since the Aetolians, who have been our close friends since the time of our ancestors, displaying their piety towards the gods . . . have sent Kleon and Herakon and . . . as sacred ambassadors {theoroi} to proclaim the Soteria games, which they have established as a memorial [of their piety] and of the victory over the barbarians who attacked the Greeks and the temple of Apollo, the common sanctuary of the Greeks; and concerning the games the Aetolian league and their general Charixenos have sent envoys, so that we may participate in the games, the musical contest - equivalent to the Pythian contest - and the gymnastic and horse-racing contests - equivalent to the Nemean contests in their age-groups and rewards - as they have been voted; therefore, so that the people might be seen to enhance the honour of the gods, mindful of the close friendship that exists between them and the Aetolians, with good fortune it is resolved by the people to accept the invitations and participate in the Soteria games, which the Aetolians have established on behalf of the temple of Apollo at Delphi and the common safety of the Greeks, with a prize of crowns, as has been voted by the Aetolian league; with a music contest - equivalent to the Pythian games - and gymnastic and horse-racing contests - equivalent to the Nemean games in their age-groups and rewards; and to give to those citizens who are contestants and victors at the Soteria games, the same as is prescribed by law for those who are victors at the Pythian and Nemean games; and to praise the Aetolian league, and to crown them with a golden crown on account of their virtue and their piety towards the gods and their bravery against the barbarians. So that everyone may be aware of the honours that have been granted to the Aetolians, the sacred herald shall make this proclamation in the theatre, when the choruses of boys are about to have their contest: "The Chian people crown the Aetolian league with a golden crown on account of their virtue and their piety towards the gods; and the people have voted to participate in the games which they have established, the music contest - equivalent to the Pythian contest - and the gymnastic and horse-racing contests - equivalent to the Nemean contests in their age-groups and rewards." The agonothete shall take care of this proclamation. This decree shall be inscribed on a stone stele and placed in the temple at Delphi by the theoroi who travel there. Three theoroi shall be chosen out of all the citizens, when this decree is approved, and in future the selection of the theoroi shall take place every four years, at the same time as the theoroi [to Olympia] are appointed. The chosen theoroi shall be given . . . for sacrifices, and for their travel expenses, whatever the people decide. The treasurers shall give . . . for the cost of the inscription and the stele . . .

* * *

They were granted travel expenses of . . . drachmas. Mikkos son of Hermis, Oineus son of Phesinos, and . . . son of Aristophon were chosen as theoroi.

inscription 403


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