This decree was the latest in a series of decrees in honour of successive kings of the Bosporos. It was important for the Athenians to maintain a good relationship with the kings, who controlled a large proportion of the city's grain supply; see P.Harding, "Athens Transformed, 404–262 BC", pp.48-9 ( Google Books ).
When Diotimos was archon, in the seventh prytany of the Antigonis tribe, with Lysistratos of Paiania , [son of Aristomachos], acting as secretary of the prytany, on the 30th day of Gamelion, which was the 29th day of the prytany, in assembly; . . . of Xypete, the son of ...sthenes, and the other presidents put the motion to the vote on behalf of the presidents; it was resolved by the people, as proposed by Agyrrhios of Kollytos, [the son of Kallimedon]: since previously the ancestors of Spartokos provided assistance to the people, and now Spartokos, inheriting this close relationship with our people, provides assistance publicly to the people, and privately to those Athenians who visit him; in recognition of this, the Athenian people made his family citizens, and honoured them with twenty bronze statues in the agora and in the trading centre, and with other awards that are appropriate for virtuous men; and it was agreed that if anyone attacked the realm of his ancestors of Spartokos himself, the Athenians would come to his aid with all their available forces by land and by sea; and moreover, when an embassy arrived from the Athenians, announcing that the people had recovered control of the city, Spartokos shared their pleasure in the good fortune of the people, and gave them a present of 10,500 medimni of corn; and he proclaimed that in the future he would provide assistance to the people and . . . as much as he could; and he does this, having chosen to retain the goodwill towards the people, which inherited from his ancestors; therefore, in order that the people might be seen to . . . to those who retain the same goodwill towards them as in previous times, it is resolved by the people to praise king Spartokos of Bosporos, the son of Eumelos, and to crown him with a golden crown of . . . drachmas, on account of the virtue and goodwill which he has continually shown towards the people; and to proclaim the award of the crown in the contest of tragedians at the great [Dionysia]; and the officials in charge of finance shall be responsible for the crown and the proclamation; and to set up a bronze statue of him in the agora beside those of his ancestors, and another one on the acropolis; and, so that king Spartokos might know what has been voted by the people, to choose three men to go as envoys on behalf of all the Athenians; once these envoys have been appointed, they shall go to present the decree to Spartokos, to proclaim the goodwill that the people holds towards him, and to urge him to help the people in any way that he can; each of the envoys shall be given the standard travel expenses. So that there is a record of the close relationship and of the awards that have been granted to him on top of his existing awards, the secretary of the prytany shall inscribe this decree on a stone stele and place it on the acropolis; and the officials in charge of finance shall provide for the cost of it.
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