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Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum: 55.1452


TREATY BETWEEN ROME AND LYCIA


Greek text: Sch°yen MS2070
Date:   46 B.C.
Tags:     treaties-kings
Format:   see key to translations
Translated by: Stephen Mitchell

This recently discovered treaty has been published and translated by Stephen Mitchell (2005), who notes that is is probably the longest ancient Roman treaty to have survived in an insciption. Mitchell's summary of the contents is already available online, along with his translation of the oath at the end of the inscription, but note that the date is stated incorrectly in the web version: the correct date is 46 B.C.

The preamble of the treaty and Section 8, "territorial clauses defining the extent of Lycia" are shown here.


[When Gaius Julius Caesar was dictator] for the third time and Marcus Lepidus was magister equitum, when Lucius [Volcacius Tullus was praetor] urbanus and Lucius Roscius [. . . was praetor] peregrinus, [this oath] was accomplished on the 9th day before the Kalends of Sextilis {24 July 46 B.C.} according to the law of Caesar in the comitium [by the Romans] and Lycians.

. . .

The cities, villages, strongholds and guardposts, and the territories and harbours which exist within the borders of Lycia, and however many places that have afterwards been given and restored to the Lycians: that is, Telmēssos, Chōma, Phaselis, Silva Serra, Lissa and the places and buildings and territories and and harbours which belong to these states, let these be with the Lycians.

Olinassos, Oxylithos, Eremna, Astragalou Kōmē, Momlanda and the estates at Naulissos, Killarai, Mormyra, Tymēma, Masa Oros, Marakanda, Ouauta, Tetrapyrgia, Elbēssos, Akarassos, Philetta, Terpenella, Terpis, Kodoppa, Meikron Oros, Akarassos and the places and their buildings and the territories, however many are within their boundaries, let these these belong to the Lycians. Let the Lycians hold, rule and enjoy the fruits of these under all circumstances, just as Gaius Caesar Imperator decided and the senate passed a resolution and jointly confirmed it. This is secured and guaranteed by the law of Caesar.

. . .


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