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Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum: 37.668


A STATUE OF MITHRIDATES VI AT NYMPHAION


Greek text:   SEG_37.668 ,   CIRB_979
Date:   (A) 100-80 B.C. ,   (B) 17 B.C.-8 A.D.
Format:   see key to translations

A is the only surviving evidence that the title king of kings was given to Mithridates during his lifetime; the title was highly symbolic, because of its association with the Achaemenid kings. The other evidence for his use of the title is B, a later inscription in honour of his granddaughter Dynamis.

Both inscriptions were found near the Cimmerian Bosporos, A at Nymphaion and B at Phanagoria-Agrippia. The significance of Mithridates' use of the title has been discussed by L. Ballesteros-Pastor, "Notas sobre una inscripción de Ninfeo en honor de Mitrídates Eupátor, rey del Ponto" ( Persée ); he dates inscription A to the time of the First Mithridatic War, but E.A.Molev, in "Mithridates VI and the Pontic Kingdom", page 322 ( PDF ) suggests an earlier date, soon after Mithridates gained control of the Bosporan region.



[A]   [The (?) people of Nymphaion] honours the [great] king of kings [Mithridates] Eupator Dionysos, the [saviour and] benefactor [of (?) the Nymphaians], who has conquered [(?) the Scythians], [on account of his] achievements and on account of [his (?) goodwill . . .]

[B]   The people of Agrippia honours queen Dynamis Philoromaios, daughter of the great king Pharnakes, the son of the king of kings Mithridates Eupator Dionysos, their saviour and benefactor.


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