Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum: 22.432


Greek text:   SEG_22.432
Provenance:   Kopai , Boeotia
Date:   early 2nd century B.C.
Tags:     loans+debts ,   women
Format:   see key to translations

Cities in Hellenistic Boeotia were able to attract loans by offering grazing rights to the owners of large herds; see IG_7.3171 and J.McInerney, "The Cattle of the Sun", page 182 ( Google Books ).   It is notable that in this instance both the cattle owners were women.

There is a French translation and commentary by P.Roesch, "Les femmes et la fortune en Béotie" pp.81-84 ( Persée ). It is worth repeating his conclusion: 'If one considers the proportion, which often goes as far as equality, of men and women in epitaphs and dedications to divinities; if one observes the number of women who offered money or valuables, in gold or silver, in various sanctuaries; if we notice that there are nearly as many women as men who granted freedom to slaves belonging to them; we are obliged to conclude that, in Classical and especially Hellenistic Boeotia, women enjoyed a high regard and occupied a privileged place in society, compared to neighbouring regions. If we also consider that from the middle of the 3rd century B.C., the number of women farmers in the public or sacred domains of the city grew increasingly and contributed to the incomes of the city in a not inconsiderable way; and moreover, that women were rich enough to lend sometimes considerable sums of money to cities in financial distress, one is obliged to conclude that . . . in Hellenistic Boeotia at least, all the evidence suggests that women occupied a privileged place'.

God.   Good fortune.   When Archiklidas was archon, and Charinos son of Mnasixenos, Empedon son of Sosikles and Eucheiridas son of Nikon were polemarchs , and Charmon son of (?) Timogeitos was secretary, it was resolved by the people; Charinos put it to the vote; as proposed by Eucheiridas son of Nikon, after he had notified his intention to bring it to the people; since in previous times Kleuedra and Olympicha have dealt with the people in a formal agreement, and now Kleuedra and Olympicha have released the city from repaying the money which they advanced to the polemarchs in office; and the right of pasturage has been given to them by the city for all time, according to a formal agreement, each of them being granted pasturage for two hundred of their own cattle; (?) and now the money has been delivered to the polemarchs; and it is right that the city should be seen to adhere to the terms of its agreements, and to show favour to those who have dealt with it; therefore it is resolved . . .

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