back

Translations of Hellenistic Inscriptions: 52


A RHODIAN DECREE FOUND AT BARGYLIA



Date:   c.195-185 B.C.
Tags:     sympoliteia
Format:   see key to translations

Despite its mutilated condition, this inscription has attracted much attention since it was published by W.Blümel in 2000, because some scholars think that it provides documentary evidence of a "partition pact" between Philippos V and Antiochos III. The decree refers to events of 201 B.C. ( see Polybius, 16.24 ), and the Greek dialect suggests that it originated from Rhodes.

The text and translation are taken from the commentary by J.LaBuff, "Polis Expansion and Elite Power in Hellenistic Karia", pp 124-128 ( Google Books ). For the historical context, see A.M.Eckstein, "Rome Enters the East", chapter 4 ( Google Books ).



GREEK TEXT:

{ Only a few letters survive from the first five lines }

. . . των δικαῖων . . . γίνεσθαι . . . [εὐχρ]ηστήκειν πολλάκις αὐτοῖς καὶ εἰς [χρείας τὰς πο]λιτικ[ὰς αὐ]των [ἄτοκα] δεδανείκειν καὶ τὰ ψαφίσματα τὰ ὑπὲρ τού[τ]ων παραν[εγν]ώσ[θειν, σ]υνστάντος δὲ πολέμου βασιλεῖ Ἀντιόχωι ποτὶ βασιλῆ Π[το]λεμ[αῖον τὸν] νῦν βασιλεύοντα, κυριεῦσαι τοὺς παρὰ βασιλέως Ἀντι[ό]χο[υ] ....ρων καὶ Θωδάσων πρὸ τοῦ παρὰ βασιλέως Φιλίππου παρα . . . ....ντι..ω. Θεαγγέλα καὶ συμπολιτεύεσθαι Κιλλαρεῖς καὶ Θ... . . . ...ους ἐις τὰν ἀυτὰν . . . [βα]σιλε . . . [παρανα]γινώσκοντας ἐπιστο[λὴν] . . . Κυλβισσεῦ[σι] . . .


TRANSLATION:

. . . of the just things . . . have often been of service to them, and for their civic needs have made loans [without interest], and the decrees made on behalf of these things were read publicly. And when war arose between king Antiochos and the king Ptolemaios [who] now reigns, the (?) soldiers of king Antiochos took control of . . . and Thodasa before the officer of king Philippos . . . Theangela and the Killareans and Th... arranged a sympoliteia . . . into the same . . . reading publicly a letter . . . to the Kylbisseans . . .

inscription 53


Attalus' home page   |   19.12.16   |   Any comments?