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305 B.C. Olympiad 118.4


Consuls: L. Postumius L.f. Megellus, Ti. Minucius M.f. Augurinus
Athenian archon: Euxenippus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM P.Scipio is appointed dictator in order to preside over elections for new consuls.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_9.44'1-4; +FastCap_p48.
2 AEG Antigonus decides to attack Rhodes.
* Read Diodorus' account
FGrH_523'III; +Diod_20.81'1-82'3; Paus_1.6'6; { Green_32.}
2a GRE Document: IG_2.471, an Athenian decree in honour of residents at the court of Antigonus and Demetrius.
3 CYR ++ Callimachus, grandfather of Callimachus the poet, is a general in the army of Cyrene.
Callim:Epigr_23'3-4; { Callimachus the poet was probably born around this time.}
4 PON ?? The prosperous reign of Dionysius of Heracleia, aided by his wife Amastris.
Memn_4'5-7.
5 ++ The gluttony of Dionysius.
Athen_12.549'a-d.
6 << The death of Dionysius, tyrant of Heracleia, who is succeeded by his sons Oxathras and Clearchus.
* Read Memnon's account
~Diod_16.88'5, +20.77'1; Memn_4'8-9; Trog:Prol_16; { OCD_h.}
7 SIC << The birth of Hieron, the future king of Syracuse.
* Read Justin's account
~ValMax_8.13e'1;L  ~Lucian:Macr_10; Just_23.4'3-8; { Green_688.}
8 << The (?) birth of the poet Sosiphanes.
+MarmPar_B'22.
8a GRE << The Athenians strengthen their city walls.
+Syll_346;
8b << Document: Syll_327, an Athenian decree in honour of Timosthenes of Carystus.
8c ASI ?? Document: Syll_330, a decree of Ilium in honour of Malusius of Gargara.
9 SIC << Document: GRA_3611 (Syll_1097), a decree of an association of "orgeones" concerning the sanctuary of Egretes in Attica.
10 AEG Demetrius arrives at Rhodes and begins to besiege the city.
* Read Diodorus' account
+MarmPar_B'23; +Diod_20.82'4-84'6, 100'1; { CAH_7.1'56; Errington_p49.}
11 The goddess Athene appears to Callicles in a dream, and advises the Rhodians to appeal to Ptolemy for help.
~Burstein_46.D'3.B 
11a << Document: IG_11.4.1036, a decree of the League of Islanders at Delos, in honour of Demetrius. { Soon after the victory of Demetrius at Salamis - see Tarn, Antigonos Gonatas, p79.}
12 ITA The Roman consuls defeat the Samnites and capture Bovianum.
* Read Livy's account
+Diod_20.90'4; +Liv_9.44'5-14; { CAH_7.2'375.}
13 Minucius is wounded in battle, and later dies; M.Fulvius is elected consul in his place.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_9.44'15; +FastCap_p48.
14 SIC Agathocles defeats Deinocrates at Torgium.
+Diod_20.89'1-5; { CAH_7.1'496.}
15 GRE << The Athenian general Olympiodorus defeats the army of Cassander at Elateia, with help from the Aetolians.
* Read Pausanias' account
Syll_361'B; Paus_1.15'1, 26'3, 29'8, 10.18'7, 34'2-3; { OCD_o; Tarn, Antigonos Gonatas, p95=301.}
16 ITA The Romans capture Sora, Arpinum, and Cesennia.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_20.90'4; +Liv_9.44'16; { CAH_7.2'375.}
17 AEG The Rhodians repel Demetrius' first attack on their harbour.
+Diod_20.85'1-87'4.
18 SYR Antigonus attempts to persuade Rhodian expatriates not to return home.
Polyaen_4.6'16.
19 SIC Deinocrates deserts his allies, and becomes a general of Agathocles.
+Diod_20.90'1-2.
20 ROM {5 October -R} The consuls celebrate a triumph over the Samnites.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_9.44'14; #FastTr_p96.
20a ASI ?? Document: Inscr_12, a treaty between the city of Iasus, Ptolemy and others. { Errington_p72.}
21 AEG The Rhodians repel another attack by Demetrius, by land and sea; after which they receive reinforcements from Ptolemy and from the city of Cnossus.
+Diod_20.88'1-9.
22 EGY Ptolemy proclaims himself king.
* Read Plutarch's account
+AstrCan_3; ~FGrH_155.1'7, 523'II; +MarmPar_B'23; Diod_20.53'3, 54'1; Plut:Demetr_18'2; Appian:Syr_54; Just_15.2'11; ~[Euseb]:Chron_161; { Hölbl_p20-22=306; Bennett?304.}
23 SYR Seleucus proclaims himself king, and is given the epithet Nicator.
* Read Diodorus' account
+BabylChron_BM.35603'O7; ~FGrH_155.1'7; Diod_20.53'4-54'1; Plut:Demetr_18'3; Appian:Syr_57; Sulpit_2'17; { CAH_7.1'58; Green_29.}
24 MAC Cassander and Lysimachus take the title of king.
* Read Justin's account
~FGrH_155.1'7; Diod_20.53'4-54'1; ~Plut:Demetr_18'3-4; ~Just_15.2'12-14; Oros_3.23'40;L  { CAH_7.1'58; Errington_p44?306.}
25 AEG Demetrius constructs a large siege engine, which is called a Helepolis.
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_20.91'1-8; Vitr_10.16'3-6; Plut:Demetr_21'1-6; Athen_5.206'd; AmmMarc_23.4'10, 24.2'18; { Green_32.}
26 Demetrius begins to be called Poliorcetes, "the Besieger".
* Read Diodorus' account
+Diod_20.92'1-5; Gell_15.31'1; [Euseb]:Chron_247;(↓)  AmmMarc_23.4'10, 24.2'18.
26a GRE == Document: Syll_334, the accounts of the treasurers of the goddess at Athens.
27 PEL ?? Sayings of Eudamidas I, king of Sparta.
Plut:Mor_220'E-221'A.
28 ++ The peaceful reign of Eudamidas I.
Paus_3.10'5; { OCD_sparta.}
29 EGY ++ The courtesan Thais lives with Ptolemy and bears him three children.
Athen_13.576'e; { Thais had accompanied Alexander during his conquest of Persia, so her association with Ptolemy probably belongs to the early part of his reign.}
30 ROM ?? An earthquake at Rome.
~DionHal_16.6'1-2; { From its position in the fragments of Dionysius, this appears to be dated to the period of the Second Samnite War..}

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