279 B.C. Olympiad 125.2

Consuls: P. Sulpicius P.f. Saverrio, P. Decius P.f. Mus
Athenian archon: Anaxicrates

previous year   |   next year

    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 {Hathyr - E = January} Ptolemy Philadelphus attends the inauguration of a temple in Pithom.
+THI_258'7-10; { Hölbl_p84.}
1a ROM {1 February -R} The triumph of Coruncanius, over the inhabitants of Vulsinii and Vulci.
1b GRE {19 Munichion -G = April/May} Document: IG_2³.884, an Athenian decree in honour of a cavalry commander on the island of Lemnos.
2 MAC The Gauls invade Macedonia; Ptolemy Ceraunus rejects an offer of help from the Dardani.
* Read Justin's account
Polyb_4.46'1; Liv_38.16'1-2; Paus_1.4'1, 10.19'6-7; Polyaen_7.35'1; Just_24.4'1, ~'6-5'4; { ~CAH_7.1'115; Green_693.}
3 MAC << Ptolemy Ceraunus promises to marry Arsinoe, but murders her children after entering Cassandreia.
* Read Justin's account
Memn_8'7; Plut:Mor_112'A; Just_24.2'1-3'9; Trog:Prol_24; { CAH_7.1'114; Errington_p80.}
4 << War between Ptolemy Ceraunus and Ptolemaeus the son of Lysimachus.
5 << Ptolemy Ceraunus has a nightmare that he has been summoned to judgement for the murder of Seleucus.
6 Ptolemy Ceraunus is defeated and killed by the Gauls; Meleager is made king of Macedonia.
* Read Justin's account
Polyb_9.35'4; Diod_22.3'1-2; Memn_8'8; Plut:Pyrrh_22'2; Paus_1.16'2, 10.19'7-12; Just_24.3'10, 5'5-11; Trog:Prol_24; +[Euseb]:Chron_235, 237, 241, 243; !Hieron:Chron_1736; Malal_196; Vit:Arat_3'p15; { CAH_7.1'115; Errington_p80-81.}
7 GRE << At the proposal of Demochares, the Athenians pass a decree in honour of Demosthenes.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Dem_30'5, :Mor_847'D, 850'F-851'C; { CAH_7.1'499; the Athenian archon was Gorgias.}
8 << Cleanthes arrives at Athens and becomes a pupil of Zenon the Stoic.
* Read Diogenes' account
Plut:Mor_47'E; DiogLaert_7'168, ~'176; Suda_K'1711, Ph'696; { Cleanthes spent 19 years as a follower of Zenon.}
9 PON << Hermogenes, a general of Antiochus, is defeated and killed while attacking Bithynia.
10 EGY ?? Philon gives to Berenice a sample of topazus, a precious stone from the island of Cytis.
11 << The death of Berenice I, queen of Egypt.
Theoc_17'45-50; { Hölbl_p94.}
12 ?? The Greeks start to make up topics to use as rhetorical exercises.
13 ?? Demetrius Phalereus loses and then regains his eyesight.
@  DiogLaert_5'76.
14 ?? Demetrius Phalereus plots against Lycus, the (adoptive) father of the poet Lycophron.
15 ?? The death of Demetrius Phalereus.
Cic:RabPost_23; DiogLaert_5'78; { ~OCD_d; Green_88.}
16 ?? Ptolemy punishes Zoilus for his outspoken criticism of Homer's poetry.'8-9; { ~OCD_z.}
17 CYR ?? Sayings of Theodorus the Atheist, addressed to Metrocles and others.
* Read Diogenes' account
Plut:Mor_467'B; MinFel:Oct_8'2; DiogLaert_2'99-100, '102-103.
18 ?? The followers of the philosopher Theodorus form their own sect.
* Read Diogenes' account
DiogLaert_2'97; Suda_S'829, Th'150.
19 ?? The death of Theodorus.
Athen_13.611'b; { Theodorus is last mentioned as an envoy from Ptolemy I to Lysimachus; he was possibly an associate of Demetrius Phalareus.}
20 CIL ?? Apollonius the father of Chrysippus moves from Tarsus to Soli.
Strab_14'672;(5.8)  { Chrysippus was born around this time - OCD_c.}
21 AEG ?? Document: Austin_155,B  a Samian decree in honour of Theocles and Herophantus of Myndus.
22 PON Death of Zipoetes of Bithynia, who is succeeded by his son Nicomedes.
Memn_12'5-6; { CAH_7.1'425; Errington_p115.}
23 MAC Antipater "Etesias" replaces Meleager as king of Macedonia.
+[Euseb]:Chron_235, 237, 241; !~Hieron:Chron_1736; ExcBarb_44A; { Errington_p81; Meleager reigned for just 2 months.}
24 ITA Pyrrhus invades Apulia, and is confronted by the Roman army.
* Read Zonaras' account
DioCass_fr.40'43; +Zonar_8'5;(p351)  { CAH_7.2'472.}
25 Pyrrhus defeats the Romans at Asculum, but suffers heavy losses.
* Read Dionysius' account
Cic:Fin_2'61, :Tusc_1'89; DionHal_20.1'1-3'7; ~[Liv]:Per_13; Frontin:Str_2.3'21; ~Plut:Pyrrh_21'7-15, :Mor_184'C; Flor_1.13'9-10; Just_18.1'11; Eutrop_2.13'4; Oros_4.1'19-22; +Zonar_8'5;(p353-5)  { CAH_7.2'472-473; OCD_p.}
26 THR The Gauls occupy Thrace.
* Read Livy's account
Liv_38.16'3, 17'16; Zonar_9'20;(p323)  { CAH_7.1'115, '499; Errington_p82.}
27 PON Nicomedes of Bithynia forms an alliance with Heracleia to resist attacks by Antiochus.
28 ASI War breaks out between Antiochus and Antigonus.
Memn_10'1; { This war started before the Gauls crossed over to Asia, probably soon after the death of Ptolemy Ceraunus.}
29 Warfare (? between Antiochus and Nicomedes) near Cyzicus.
~OGIS_748'9-13<t=B  Austin_225>.
30 << Philocles captures Caunus for Ptolemy.
Polyaen_3.16'1; { Hölbl_p38.}
30a GRE << Demochares recovers Eleusis, and Olympiodorus defends it against a Macedonian attack.
* Read Plutarch's account
THI_118'11-14; Plut:Mor_851'E; Paus_1.26'3; { perhaps during the reign of Antipater Etesias.}
31 MAC Sosthenes expels Antipater, and proclaims himself general of the Macedonians, but avoids the title of king.
* Read Justin's account
~Just_24.5'12-14; [Euseb]:Chron_235, 237, 241; !Hieron:Chron_1736; ExcBarb_44A; ChronSynt_90;(↓)  Vit:Arat_3'p15; { Errington_p81; according to Eusebius, Antipater reigned in Macedonia for 45 days.}
32 The city of Cassandreia is granted its "freedom" by Eurydice.
Polyaen_6.7'2; { Before Apollodorus became tyrant of Cassandreia ((Tarn p159)).}
33 ROM Cn.Domitius, a plebeian censor, completes the census of Roman citizens.
* Read Fasti's account
~FastCap_p52; ~[Liv]:Per_13.
34 Mago the Carthaginian admiral offers support to the Romans, and a further treaty is signed between Rome and Carthage.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_3.25'1-6; ~[Liv]:Per_13, 14; ValMax_3.7'10; ~Just_18.2'1-3, '5; { CAH_7.2'475, '536.}
35 ITA Mago visits the camp of Pyrrhus on his way back from Rome.
36 MAC Brennus defeats Sosthenes.
37 The Greeks attempt to hold back the Gauls at Thermopylae, but are forced to withdraw.
* Read Pausanias' account
Paus_1.4'1-3, 4.28'3, 7.6'7, 15'3, 8.6'3, ~10.20'1-22'1, '8-12; { OCD_brennus.}
38 GRE A band of Gauls sacks Callion, a town in Aetolia.
~Paus_10.22'2-7; { Errington_p81.}
39 The Gauls advance into Greece and reach Delphi.
* Read Pausanias' account
Callim:Hymn_4'171-184; Polyb_9.35'4; Cic:Font_30; ~Diod_22.9'5; Liv_38.48'2; Strab_4'187-188;(1.13)  ValMax_1.1'18; Lucan_5'134-136; Paus_1.4'4, 10.22'12-13; Polyaen_7.35'2; DioCass_fr.90'1.
40 A combined Greek army defeats the Gauls near Delphi in a snowstorm, allegedly with divine assistance.
* Read Pausanias' account
Syll_398'4-11; FGrH_482'1; Callim:Hymn_4'184-185; Polyb_1.6'5, 2.20'6, 4.46'1; Limenius_31-33; Cic:Div_1'81; ~Diod_22.9'1; Prop_3.13'51-54; Liv_40.58'3; Paus_1.4'4, 10.3'4, 8'3, 23'1-10; Ampel_32'2; ~Just_24.7'8-8'10, 32.3'6; { CAH_7.1'499; Errington_p82.}
41 The Aetolians complete the rout of the Gauls, and Brennus the king of the Gauls is killed.
* Read Pausanias' account
Syll_398'12-14; Polyb_9.30'3, 35'1; ~Diod_22.9'2-3; ValMax_1.1'18; Paus_6.16'1, 7.18'6, 20'6, 10.16'4, 23'11-14; ~Just_24.8'11-16, 28.2'5; { ~CAH_7.1'115; Errington_p82.}
42 EGY {Thoth -E = November} Document: AET_7.8'H, the cession of a house, by the father of the woman selling it.

previous year   |   next year

How to use this site   |   Sources and abbreviations   |   Geographical labels
Symbols used to describe events   |   Symbols used to describe references

This page Andrew Smith, 2024
Attalus' home page   |   25.03.24   |   Any comments?