239 B.C. Olympiad 135.2

Consuls: C. Mamilius Q.f. Turrinus, Q. Valerius Q.f. Falto
Athenian archon: Athenodorus
Achaean General: Aratus (IV)

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 AFR The mercenaries slaughter their prisoners.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.79'8-81'11; Diod_25.3'1.
1a EGY {19 Tybi -E = March} Document: AET_6.5'A, a matrimonial property contract from Hawara.
2 GRE ?? New springs of water suddenly appear at Aedepsus in Euboea and Methana in the Peloponnese.
* Read Athenaeus' account
Paus_2.34'1; Athen_3.73'c-d.
3 AEG ?? A plague of hares on the island of Astypalaea.
4 MAC ?? Antigonus praises the philosopher Lycon.
4a GRE ?? Document: Syll_461, a decree of the Amphictyons in honour of Lycon.
4c ?? Document: Syll_480, an Aetolian decree concerning the rights of foreigners in Delphi.
4e ?? Document: Syll_472, a decree of Messene confirming shared citizenship with Phigaleia.
4f AEG ?? Document: IG_11.4.1052, a decree of Syros in honour of an adjudicator sent by Antigonus.
4g ?? Document: SEG_44.710, a decree of Cimolos in honour of a judge sent at the bidding of Antigonus.
5 MAC ?? Cleanthes gives frank replies to Antigonus' questions.
* Read Diogenes' account
Plut:Mor_830'C-D; DiogLaert_7'169; Suda_K'1711.
6 ?? Other sayings of Antigonus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sen:Dial_5.22'2-5, :Ben_2.17'1-2; Plut:Mor_183'D.
7 ?? A retort of the poet Antagoras to Antigonus, about his cooking in camp.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Mor_182'F, 668'C-D;(Q4.4)  Athen_8.340'f.
8 ?? The Spartans punish an ambassador for addressing Antigonus as king.
9 ?? Theodorus of Larissa, a water-drinker, is consistently hostile to Antigonus.
10 ++ Aristogenes of Cnidus is a slave of Chrysippus, and doctor to Antigonus.
11 ++ Antigonus is a patron of poets.
12 ++ General comments on the policy of Antigonus towards the Greek states.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_2.41'10, 43'7-10; Plut:Arat_43'2.
13 The death of Antigonus Gonatas.
~Plut:Arat_34'1; Lucian:Macr_11; +[Euseb]:Chron_237, 241, 243; !Hieron:Chron_1774; ExcBarb_44A; ChronSynt_90;(↓)  { CAH_7.1'255; Errington_p94.}
14 GRE ++ General comments on the life and character of the cynic philosopher Menippus.
* Read Diogenes' account
Lucian:DMort_1'1-4, 2'1-2, 3'1-2, 10'2, '9-13, 22'1-3 :Nec_1-22; DiogLaert_6'99, '100.
15 ?? The death of Menippus.
DiogLaert_6'100; { ~OCD_m.}
16 EPI ?? Stratagems of Alexander, king of Epirus.
* Read Frontinus' account
Frontin:Str_2.5'10, 3.4'5; { CAH_7.1'446; Errington_p94.}
17 ?? Alexander rebukes the flattery of Nicesias, while suffering the side-effects of some medicine.
18 ?? Egyptian bean plants start growing spontaneously in part of Thesprotia.
Athen_3.73'b-c<q" Phylarch_65>.
19 AFR The Carthaginians make Hamilcar their sole general.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.82'1-7; ~Diod_25.3'1.
19b ASI ?? Document: Austin_179a,B  a letter from Seleucus II to Olympichus, about the sanctuary at Labraunda in Caria.
20 GLT << Seleucus II is defeated by Antiochus and the Galatians at Ancyra; he escapes but his concubine Mysta is captured.
* Read Justin's account
Athen_13.577'f, 593'e<q" Phylarch_30>; Plut:Mor_184'A, 489'A-B, 508'D-E; Polyaen_4.9'6, 8.61'1; ~Just_27.2'10-12, 41.4'7; ~[Euseb]:Chron_251;(↓)  { CAH_7.1'423; Errington_p123.}
21 AFR Utica revolts from Carthage.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.82'8-13; ~Diod_25.3'2.
22 Carthage appeals to Hieron for help against the mercenaries.
23 The Carthaginians appeal to the Romans for help against the mercenaries.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.83'5-11, 3.28'3; Nepos_22.2'3; Liv_21.41'12; Appian:Sic_2'10,(4)  :Pun_5; { CAH_7.2'671.}
24 The mercenaries reject Roman mediators.
* Read Zonaras' account
Appian:Sic_2'11,(4)  :Pun_5; ~Zonar_8'17.(p17) 
25 NUM << The birth of Masinissa, son of Gala.
* Read Diodorus' account
~Polyb_36.16'5; ~Cic:Sen_34; ~Diod_32.16'1; Liv_24.49'1<+v>; ~[Liv]:Per_50; ValMax_5.2e'4, 8.13e'1; Plin:HN_7'61; Plut:Mor_791'F; Lucian:Macr_17; Eutrop_4.11'1; { OCD_m.}
26 IT+ >> The Romans found a colony at Valentia.
27 ROM >> The birth of the poet Ennius.
* Read Cicero's account
+Cic:Brut_72, +:Tusc_1'3; +Gell_17.21'43; +Hieron:Chron_1777; { CAH_7.2'671; OCD_e.}

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