238 B.C. Olympiad 135.3

Consuls: Ti. Sempronius Ti.f. Gracchus, P. Valerius Q.f. Falto
Athenian archon: Lysias

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 EGY {Hathyr 28 -E = January} Document: Austin_314,B  correspondence of Artemidorus concerning the death of some cleruchs.
2 {7 Apellaeus -M = 17 Tybi -E = March} Document: AET_8.10 & OGIS_56, a decree of the Egyptian priests at Canopus in honour of Ptolemy III. { CAH_7.1'505; Green_262.}
2a GRE << Document: IG_9.1².56, a monument dedicated by the Aetolians to the Ptolemaic royal family.
3 ROM {28 April -R} A temple is dedicated to Flora; the first celebration of the festival of Floralia.
* Read Velleius' account
#CIL_add.8'Apr28; #Ovid:Fast_5'277-294; !Vell_1.14'8; +Plin:HN_18'286;L  Tac:Ann_2'49; { OCD_f; Ovidius says that the Floralia did not become an annual festival until 173 B.C.}
4 AFR The mercenaries are forced to raise the siege of Carthage.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.83'12-84'2; ~Diod_25.4'1.
4a GRE {9 Scirophorion -G = June/July} Document: Syll_473, an Athenian decree in honour of the athlothetes.
5 MAC << Stratonice leaves Demetrius and joins her nephew Seleucus in Syria.
Joseph:Ap_1'206<q" Agatharch>; { ~OCD_d.}
6 << The marriage of Demetrius and Phthia, daughter of Alexander of Epirus.
~Just_28.1'1-4; { CAH_7.1'446; Errington_p94.}
7 GRE << The Aetolian and Achaean leagues form an alliance against Macedonia.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_2.44'1, 46'1, 9.29'5-6; { CAH_7.1'446; Errington_p94.}
8 << The Aetolians reject a Roman embassy sent on behalf of Acarnania.
~Just_28.1'5-2'14; { CAH_7.2'671.}
9 AFR Hamilcar defeats the mercenaries under Spendius, and puts the survivors to death.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.84'3-85'7; ~Diod_25.4'2, 5'1.
10 Mathus defeats and kills the Carthaginian general Hannibal.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.86'1-9; ~Diod_25.5'2.
11 CIS The consuls attack the Gauls and Ligurians.
* Read Zonaras' account
~Polyb_2.21'1-4; [Liv]:Per_20; +Oros_4.12'1; +Zonar_8'18;(p19)  { CAH_7.2'432.}
12 PER << Arsaces takes advantage of the war between Seleucus and Antiochus, to expand his control over Parthia.
* Read Justin's account
Strab_11'515;(9.2)  Arrian:Fr_31; ~Just_41.4'6-7; { Shortly after Seleucus' defeat at Ancyra - see CAH_7.1'219-200.}
13 SAR >> The Romans declare war on the Carthaginians, after a dispute about Sardinia.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.88'8-10, 3.27'7, 28'1-4; Appian:Hisp_4, :Pun_5, 86; Eutrop_3.2'1.
14 >> The Carthaginians cede Sardinia to the Romans.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.88'11-12, 3.10'1-4, 27'8, 30'4; Liv_21.1'5; Strab_5'225;(2.7)  Appian:Hisp_4, :Pun_2, 5,(↓)  86; DioCass_fr.46'1; Just_29.2'3; !Eutrop_3.2'1; +Zonar_8'18;(p19)  { CAH_7.2'453; OCD_s.}
15 MAC The birth of Philippus, the son of Demetrius and Phthia.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_4.5'3, 24'1; { OCD_p; Green_252.}

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